INDIA COVID-19

Confirmed Active Recovered Death
4421 3981 326114

India is the second most populous country of the world after China. Population of India is projected close to 1.38 billion or 1,380 million in 2020 or 138 crore, compare to 1.366 billion in 2019. Population growth rate for 2020 is projected at 0.99%. India will add 1.36 cr in 2020 that is near to the current population of 74th ranked Somalia. There are 71.7 cr males and 66.3 cr females living in India.

India accounts for a meagre 2.4 percent of the world surface area yet it supports and sustains a whopping 17.8 percent of the world population. It is now estimated that by 2027, India will most likely overtake China to become the most populous country on the earth with 1.47 billion people. And by 2030, India will cross the 1.5 billion mark. Population of India will peak in 2059 with 1.65 bn people.

According to the Census of India 2011, the population of India stood at 1,210,854,977. The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 was 17.70%, 3.84% lower than 1991-2001 period. The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 has registered the sharpest decline since independence. Population of India had increased by 182.1 million during the decade 2001- 2011. The increased population during the decade 2001-2011 is approximately equal to the population of Pakistan, the sixth most populous country in the world.

Population of India, which at the turn of the twentieth century, was only around 238.4 million increased by more than five times in a period of 110 years to reach 1210 million at 2011. Population of India increased by 3.35 times since independence.

68.86% Indian lives in rural areas and 31.14% lives in urban areas.

As of 2020, Share of population in the age group 0-14 is 26.16 percent. Share of economically active population (15-59 years) is 63.72 percent. 10.12% Indian has age more than 60 year.

Population density of India is 460 people per sq. km (1190 per sq. mile).

population of india (1950-2100)
population growth rate of india (1951-2100)
india population by age group

Projections by UN

Year Population Growth (%)
20201,380,004,3850.99
20211,393,409,0380.97
20221,406,631,7760.95
20231,419,655,8060.93
20241,432,456,4780.90
20251,445,011,6200.88
20261,457,308,8550.85
20271,469,338,5650.83
20281,481,083,3380.80
20291,492,524,2820.77
20301,503,642,3220.74
20311,514,427,1650.72
20321,524,862,0170.69
20331,534,913,9870.66
20341,544,544,3640.63
20351,553,723,8100.59
20361,562,439,2650.56
20371,570,690,4420.53
20381,578,478,1790.50
20391,585,809,3200.46
20401,592,691,5130.43
20411,599,124,1040.40
20421,605,111,2600.37
20431,610,672,8830.35
20441,615,834,9930.32
20451,620,619,2000.30
20461,625,034,1220.27
20471,629,084,5060.25
20481,632,783,2890.23
20491,636,143,7330.21
20501,639,176,0330.19
20511,641,888,1920.17
20521,644,282,5480.15
20531,646,355,8750.13
20541,648,101,1630.11
20551,649,513,1600.09
20561,650,592,7550.07
20571,651,342,4410.05
20581,651,760,1330.03
20591,651,843,1130.01
20601,651,589,528-0.02
20611,651,001,679-0.04
20621,650,080,986-0.06
20631,648,824,112-0.08
20641,647,226,611-0.10
20651,645,287,234-0.12
20661,643,009,777-0.14
20671,640,402,427-0.16
20681,637,474,664-0.18
20691,634,238,372-0.20
20701,630,705,925-0.22
20711,626,886,097-0.23
20721,622,790,158-0.25
20731,618,436,680-0.27
20741,613,847,123-0.28
20751,609,040,631-0.30
20761,604,031,514-0.31
20771,598,830,751-0.32
20781,593,450,148-0.34
20791,587,900,578-0.35
20801,582,193,255-0.36
20811,576,338,459-0.37
20821,570,348,764-0.38
20831,564,240,054-0.39
20841,558,029,596-0.40
20851,551,731,747-0.40
20861,545,358,107-0.41
20871,538,914,873-0.42
20881,532,403,986-0.42
20891,525,824,204-0.43
20901,519,176,268-0.44
20911,512,464,720-0.44
20921,505,697,184-0.45
20931,498,882,983-0.45
20941,492,031,487-0.46
20951,485,150,516-0.46
20961,478,245,816-0.46
20971,471,320,763-0.47
20981,464,376,278-0.47
20991,457,410,912-0.48
21001,450,420,839-0.48

Estimates by UN

Year Population Growth (%)
1950376,325,200-
1951382,376,9481.61
1952388,799,0731.68
1953395,544,3691.73
1954402,578,5961.78
1955409,880,5951.81
1956417,442,8111.84
1957425,270,6951.88
1958433,380,9781.91
1959441,798,5781.94
1960450,547,6791.98
1961459,642,1652.02
1962469,077,1902.05
1963478,825,6082.08
1964488,848,1352.09
1965499,123,3242.10
1966509,631,5002.11
1967520,400,5762.11
1968531,513,8242.14
1969543,084,3362.18
1970555,189,7922.23
1971567,868,0182.28
1972581,087,2562.33
1973594,770,1342.35
1974608,802,6002.36
1975623,102,8972.35
1976637,630,0872.33
1977652,408,7762.32
1978667,499,8062.31
1979682,995,3542.32
1980698,952,8442.34
1981715,384,9932.35
1982732,239,5042.36
1983749,428,9582.35
1984766,833,4102.32
1985784,360,0082.29
1986801,975,2442.25
1987819,682,1022.21
1988837,468,9302.17
1989855,334,6782.13
1990873,277,7982.10
1991891,273,2092.06
1992909,307,0162.02
1993927,403,8601.99
1994945,601,8311.96
1995963,922,5881.94
1996982,365,2431.91
19971,000,900,0301.89
19981,019,483,5811.86
19991,038,058,1561.82
20001,056,575,5491.78
20011,075,000,0851.74
20021,093,317,1891.70
20031,111,523,1441.67
20041,129,623,4561.63
20051,147,609,9271.59
20061,165,486,2911.56
20071,183,209,4721.52
20081,200,669,7651.48
20091,217,726,2151.42
20101,234,281,1701.36
20111,250,287,9431.30
20121,265,780,2471.24
20131,280,842,1251.19
20141,295,600,7721.15
20151,310,152,4031.12
20161,324,517,2491.10
20171,338,676,7851.07
20181,352,642,2801.04
20191,366,417,7541.02

Population in 5 year Age Group in 2020 (UN)

Age group Male Female Total
PersonsShare (%)
00-04 61,228,414 55,651,093 116,879,507 8.47
05-09 61,877,169 56,104,958 117,982,127 8.55
10-14 66,302,628 59,853,324 126,155,952 9.14
15-19 66,670,855 59,374,711 126,045,566 9.13
20-24 64,865,811 57,638,993 122,504,804 8.88
25-29 62,039,339 55,357,930 117,397,269 8.51
30-34 58,874,888 53,301,210 112,176,098 8.13
35-39 53,993,918 49,466,260 103,460,178 7.50
40-44 46,631,243 43,588,651 90,219,894 6.54
45-49 40,756,605 38,683,675 79,440,280 5.76
50-54 35,202,663 33,673,299 68,875,962 4.99
55-59 30,150,272 29,105,996 59,256,268 4.29
60-64 24,694,672 24,195,856 48,890,528 3.54
65-69 19,168,129 19,092,154 38,260,283 2.77
70-74 11,627,908 12,463,535 24,091,443 1.75
75-79 7,062,999 8,020,956 15,083,955 1.09
80-84 3,831,463 4,657,548 8,489,011 0.62
85-89 1,575,584 1,955,555 3,531,139 0.26
90-94 437,188 555,797 992,985 0.07
95-99 91,981 131,216 223,197 0.02
100+ 17,241 30,698 47,939 0.00
Total 1,380,004,385 717,100,970 662,903,415

Census (1901-2011)

Year Population Decadal Growth (%) Change in Growth (%)
1901 238,396,327 --
1911 252,093,390 5.75-
1921 251,321,213 -0.31 -6.06
1931 278,977,238 11.00 11.31
1941 318,660,580 14.22 3.22
1951 361,088,090 13.31 -0.91
1961 439,234,771 21.64 8.33
1971 548,159,652 24.80 3.16
1981 683,329,097 24.66 -0.14
1991 846,421,039 23.87 -0.79
2001 1,028,737,436 21.54 -2.33
2011 1,210,854,977 17.70 -3.84

Population in 5 year Age Group in 2011 (Census)

Age group Rural Urban Total
PersonsShare (%)PersonsShare (%) PersonsShare (%)
00-04 82,986,660 9.95 29,820,118 7.91 112,806,778 9.32
05-09 93,807,612 11.25 33,120,514 8.78 126,928,126 10.48
10-14 96,804,494 11.61 35,904,718 9.52 132,709,212 10.96
15-19 83,902,472 10.06 36,623,977 9.71 120,526,449 9.95
20-24 73,835,046 8.86 37,589,176 9.97 111,424,222 9.20
25-29 66,068,270 7.92 35,345,695 9.37 101,413,965 8.38
30-34 57,911,779 6.95 30,683,172 8.14 88,594,951 7.32
35-39 56,062,707 6.72 29,077,977 7.71 85,140,684 7.03
40-44 47,581,008 5.71 24,857,104 6.59 72,438,112 5.98
45-49 40,688,228 4.88 21,630,099 5.74 62,318,327 5.15
50-54 32,031,788 3.84 17,037,466 4.52 49,069,254 4.05
55-59 25,861,514 3.10 13,284,541 3.52 39,146,055 3.23
60-64 26,291,245 3.15 11,372,462 3.02 37,663,707 3.11
65-69 18,916,270 2.27 7,538,713 2.00 26,454,983 2.18
70-74 13,807,600 1.66 5,401,242 1.43 19,208,842 1.59
75-79 6,383,717 0.77 2,848,786 0.76 9,232,503 0.76
80+ 7,894,990 0.95 3,394,015 0.90 11,289,005 0.93
Age not stated 2,913,452 0.35 1,576,350 0.42 4,489,802 0.37
Total 833,748,852 377,106,125 1,210,854,977