India is the second most populated country of the world after China. Population of India is projected close to 1.37 billion or 1,369 millions in 2019, compare to 1.354 billion in 2018. Population growth rate for 2019 is projected at 1.08%. India will add 1.49 cr in 2019 that is near to current population of 74th ranked Somalia.

India accounts for a meagre 2.4 percent of the world surface area of 135.79 million square kms yet it supports and sustains a whopping 17.75 percent of the world population. It is now estimated that by 2024, India will most likely overtake China to become the most populous country on the earth with 1.44 billion people. And by 2029, India will cross the 1.5 billion mark. Population of India will decrease after 2061.

According to the Census of India 2011, the population of India stood at 1,210,854,977 comprising of 623,270,258 males and 587,584,719 females. The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 was 17.70%, 3.84% lower than 1991-2001 period. The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 has registered the sharpest decline since independence. Population of India has increased by 182.1 million during the decade 2001- 2011. The increased population during the decade 2001-2011 is approximately equal to the population of pakistan, the sixth most populous country in the world.

Population of India, which at the turn of the twentieth century, was only around 238.4 million increased by more than five times in a period of 110 years to reach 1210 million at 2011. Population of India increased by 3.35 times since independence.

68.86% Indian lives in rural areas and 31.14% lives in urban areas.

As of 2020, Share of population in the age group 0-14 is 26.58 percent. Share of economically active population (15-59 years) is 63.34 percent. 10.08% Indian has age more than 60 year.

Population density of India is 455 people per sq. km (1180 per sq. mile).

population of india (1950-2100)
population growth rate of india (1951-2100)

Projections by UN

YearPopulation Growth (%)
20161,324,171,3541.15
20171,339,180,1271.13
20181,354,051,8541.11
20191,368,737,5131.08
20201,383,197,7531.06
20211,397,423,0091.03
20221,411,415,2961.00
20231,425,158,4810.97
20241,438,635,3670.95
20251,451,829,0040.92
20261,464,726,0990.89
20271,477,311,5900.86
20281,489,564,6120.83
20291,501,462,3740.80
20301,512,985,2070.77
20311,524,123,8040.74
20321,534,869,1740.71
20331,545,203,5840.67
20341,555,108,1080.64
20351,564,570,2230.61
20361,573,581,7330.58
20371,582,146,8210.54
20381,590,281,8870.51
20391,598,011,4860.49
20401,605,355,5740.46
20411,612,319,8460.43
20421,618,905,5360.41
20431,625,123,0970.38
20441,630,983,6700.36
20451,636,496,3080.34
20461,641,666,8660.32
20471,646,498,4840.29
20481,650,993,6540.27
20491,655,153,3720.25
20501,658,978,1620.23
20511,662,471,5550.21
20521,665,634,4740.19
20531,668,461,4950.17
20541,670,944,5840.15
20551,673,078,3210.13
20561,674,862,5070.11
20571,676,300,4560.09
20581,677,394,7880.07
20591,678,149,3840.04
20601,678,568,1110.02
20611,678,655,9890.01
20621,678,416,452-0.01
20631,677,850,625-0.03
20641,676,958,866-0.05
20651,675,744,291-0.07
20661,674,212,113-0.09
20671,672,372,856-0.11
20681,670,242,036-0.13
20691,667,838,579-0.14
20701,665,179,391-0.16
20711,662,275,880-0.17
20721,659,137,008-0.19
20731,655,774,546-0.20
20741,652,200,108-0.22
20751,648,425,091-0.23
20761,644,460,392-0.24
20771,640,316,937-0.25
20781,636,006,071-0.26
20791,631,539,153-0.27
20801,626,927,002-0.28
20811,622,178,968-0.29
20821,617,304,175-0.30
20831,612,312,579-0.31
20841,607,214,022-0.32
20851,602,017,424-0.32
20861,596,732,383-0.33
20871,591,365,736-0.34
20881,585,920,202-0.34
20891,580,396,453-0.35
20901,574,797,201-0.35
20911,569,128,520-0.36
20921,563,399,451-0.37
20931,557,620,765-0.37
20941,551,803,731-0.37
20951,545,958,898-0.38
20961,540,095,658-0.38
20971,534,222,029-0.38
20981,528,344,549-0.38
20991,522,468,414-0.38
21001,516,597,380-0.39

Estimates by UN

YearPopulation Growth (%)
1950376,325,200-
1951382,245,3031.57
1952388,538,6201.65
1953395,160,0911.70
1954402,077,0261.75
1955409,269,0551.79
1956416,728,7711.82
1957424,461,1081.86
1958432,481,6631.89
1959440,813,8961.93
1960449,480,6081.97
1961458,494,9632.01
1962467,852,5372.04
1963477,527,9702.07
1964487,484,5352.09
1965497,702,3652.10
1966508,161,9352.10
1967518,889,7792.11
1968529,967,3172.13
1969541,505,0762.18
1970553,578,5132.23
1971566,224,8122.28
1972579,411,5132.33
1973593,058,9262.36
1974607,050,2552.36
1975621,301,7202.35
1976635,771,7342.33
1977650,485,0302.31
1978665,502,2842.31
1979680,915,8042.32
1980696,783,5172.33
1981713,118,0322.34
1982729,868,0132.35
1983746,949,0672.34
1984764,245,2022.32
1985781,666,6712.28
1986799,181,4362.24
1987816,792,7412.20
1988834,489,3222.17
1989852,270,0342.13
1990870,133,4802.10
1991888,054,8752.06
1992906,021,1062.02
1993924,057,8171.99
1994942,204,2491.96
1995960,482,7951.94
1996978,893,2171.92
1997997,405,3181.89
19981,015,974,0421.86
19991,034,539,2141.83
20001,053,050,9121.79
20011,071,477,8551.75
20021,089,807,1121.71
20031,108,027,8481.67
20041,126,135,7771.63
20051,144,118,6741.60
20061,161,977,7191.56
20071,179,681,2391.52
20081,197,146,9061.48
20091,214,270,1321.43
20101,230,980,6911.38
20111,247,236,0291.32
20121,263,065,8521.27
20131,278,562,2071.23
20141,293,859,2941.20
20151,309,053,9801.17

Population in 5 year Age Group in 2020 (UN)

Age groupTotalMale Female
PersonsShare (%)PersonsShare (%) PersonsShare (%)
00-04 121,159,403 8.76 63,686,278 8.89 57,473,125 8.62
05-09 120,218,654 8.69 63,320,717 8.84 56,897,937 8.53
10-14 126,278,893 9.13 66,587,035 9.30 59,691,858 8.95
15-19 125,968,423 9.11 66,495,111 9.28 59,473,312 8.92
20-24 122,132,690 8.83 64,339,054 8.98 57,793,635 8.67
25-29 116,799,295 8.44 61,287,147 8.56 55,512,145 8.32
30-34 111,446,501 8.06 57,894,469 8.08 53,552,032 8.03
35-39 102,748,162 7.43 53,116,684 7.41 49,631,481 7.44
40-44 89,703,041 6.49 46,121,231 6.44 43,581,810 6.54
45-49 79,154,460 5.72 40,536,491 5.66 38,617,970 5.79
50-54 68,807,625 4.97 35,036,770 4.89 33,770,854 5.06
55-59 59,315,423 4.29 30,009,036 4.19 29,306,389 4.39
60-64 48,856,219 3.53 24,529,930 3.42 24,326,289 3.65
65-69 37,882,693 2.74 18,821,884 2.63 19,060,809 2.86
70-74 23,845,607 1.72 11,422,591 1.59 12,423,014 1.86
75-79 14,965,855 1.08 6,965,559 0.97 8,000,298 1.20
80-84 8,582,648 0.62 3,851,396 0.54 4,731,253 0.71
85-89 3,803,244 0.27 1,688,305 0.24 2,114,938 0.32
90-94 1,224,123 0.09 537,400 0.08 686,723 0.10
95-99 265,799 0.02 109,745 0.02 156,054 0.02
100+ 38,995 0.00 13,960 0.00 25,035 0.00
Total 1,383,197,753 716,370,792 666,826,961

Census (1901-2011)

YearPopulationDecadal Growth (%)Change in Growth (%)
1901 238,396,327 --
1911 252,093,390 5.75-
1921 251,321,213 -0.31 -6.06
1931 278,977,238 11.00 11.31
1941 318,660,580 14.22 3.22
1951 361,088,090 13.31 -0.91
1961 439,234,771 21.64 8.33
1971 548,159,652 24.80 3.16
1981 683,329,097 24.66 -0.14
1991 846,421,039 23.87 -0.79
2001 1,028,737,436 21.54 -2.33
2011 1,210,854,977 17.70 -3.84

Population in 5 year Age Group in 2011 (Census)

Age groupTotalRural Urban
PersonsShare (%)PersonsShare (%) PersonsShare (%)
00-04 112,806,778 9.32 82,986,660 9.95 29,820,118 7.91
05-09 126,928,126 10.48 93,807,612 11.25 33,120,514 8.78
10-14 132,709,212 10.96 96,804,494 11.61 35,904,718 9.52
15-19 120,526,449 9.95 83,902,472 10.06 36,623,977 9.71
20-24 111,424,222 9.20 73,835,046 8.86 37,589,176 9.97
25-29 101,413,965 8.38 66,068,270 7.92 35,345,695 9.37
30-34 88,594,951 7.32 57,911,779 6.95 30,683,172 8.14
35-39 85,140,684 7.03 56,062,707 6.72 29,077,977 7.71
40-44 72,438,112 5.98 47,581,008 5.71 24,857,104 6.59
45-49 62,318,327 5.15 40,688,228 4.88 21,630,099 5.74
50-54 49,069,254 4.05 32,031,788 3.84 17,037,466 4.52
55-59 39,146,055 3.23 25,861,514 3.10 13,284,541 3.52
60-64 37,663,707 3.11 26,291,245 3.15 11,372,462 3.02
65-69 26,454,983 2.18 18,916,270 2.27 7,538,713 2.00
70-74 19,208,842 1.59 13,807,600 1.66 5,401,242 1.43
75-79 9,232,503 0.76 6,383,717 0.77 2,848,786 0.76
80+ 11,289,005 0.93 7,894,990 0.95 3,394,015 0.90
Age not stated 4,489,802 0.37 2,913,452 0.35 1,576,350 0.42
Total 1,210,854,977 833,748,852 377,106,125