Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of India with estimated population of 228,959,599 in 2018. which is more than the population of Brazil, the fifth most populous country in the world. Uttar Pradesh accounts for 17.15% of the total country population 1,335,140,907. Maharashtra is the second most populous state with more than 120 million people living here closely followed by Bihar is at third place. Population of Maharashtra and Bihar are slightly less than Japan.

Three states have population more than 10 crore. Twenty states and one union territory (Delhi) have a population of over ten million. 48.63% of the country's population lives in five States, namely, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh. Ten most populated states of India contributes 73.92% of India's population.

Seven States has population more than 20th ranked country of the world. 16 states comes under top 50 countries.

Sikkim (671,720) is smallest state and Lakshadweep (71,218) is smallest union territory of India.

Bihar has highest growth during 2011-2018 of 14.76% followed by Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. Daman & Diu is only state/UTs having negative decadal growth rate of -9.52%.

Top 5 states with highest sharing of rural population : Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Odisha and Meghalaya.

Top 5 states with highest sharing of urban population : Goa, Mizoram, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra.

indian states by population

Population of Indian States

RankState Population2018-2011% Share CountryWorld rank
20182011Absolute%
10 Andhra Pradesh 52,883,163 49,576,777 3,306,386 6.67 3.96 Myanmar 27
27 Arunachal Pradesh 1,528,296 1,383,727 144,569 10.45 0.11 Bahrain 153
15 Assam 34,586,234 31,205,576 3,380,658 10.83 2.59 Saudi Arabia 41
3 Bihar 119,461,013 104,099,452 15,361,561 14.76 8.95 Japan 12
17 Chhattisgarh 28,566,990 25,545,198 3,021,792 11.83 2.14 Yemen 51
26 Goa 1,542,750 1,458,545 84,205 5.77 0.12 Bahrain 153
9 Gujarat 63,907,200 60,439,692 3,467,508 5.74 4.79 France 23
18 Haryana 27,388,008 25,351,462 2,036,546 8.03 2.05 Madagascar 51
21 Himachal Pradesh 7,316,708 6,864,602 452,106 6.59 0.55 China, Hong Kong SAR 105
19 Jammu & Kashmir 13,635,010 12,541,302 1,093,708 8.72 1.02 Guinea 75
13 Jharkhand 37,329,128 32,988,134 4,340,994 13.16 2.80 Canada 38
8 Karnataka 66,165,886 61,095,297 5,070,589 8.30 4.96 United Kingdom 22
14 Kerala 35,330,888 33,406,061 1,924,827 5.76 2.65 Morocco 41
5 Madhya Pradesh 82,342,793 72,626,809 9,715,984 13.38 6.17 Germany 17
2 Maharashtra 120,837,347 112,374,333 8,463,014 7.53 9.05 Japan 12
24 Manipur 3,008,546 2,855,794 152,752 5.35 0.23 Albania 138
23 Meghalaya 3,276,323 2,966,889 309,434 10.43 0.25 Mongolia 137
28 Mizoram 1,205,974 1,097,206 108,768 9.91 0.09 Cyprus 159
25 Nagaland 2,189,297 1,978,502 210,795 10.65 0.16 Gambia 146
11 Odisha 45,429,399 41,974,218 3,455,181 8.23 3.40 Argentina 31
16 Punjab 29,611,935 27,743,338 1,868,597 6.74 2.22 Nepal 49
6 Rajasthan 78,230,816 68,548,437 9,682,379 14.12 5.86 Turkey 20
29 Sikkim 671,720 610,577 61,143 10.01 0.05 China, Macao SAR 166
7 Tamil Nadu 76,481,545 72,147,030 4,334,515 6.01 5.73 Turkey 20
12 Telangana 38,472,769 35,004,000 3,468,769 9.91 2.88 Poland 37
22 Tripura 4,057,847 3,673,917 383,930 10.45 0.30 Republic of Moldova 132
1 Uttar Pradesh 228,959,599 199,812,341 29,147,258 14.59 17.15 Brazil 5
20 Uttarakhand 11,090,425 10,086,292 1,004,133 9.96 0.83 Haiti 86
4 West Bengal 97,694,960 91,276,115 6,418,845 7.03 7.32 Viet Nam 15
UT3 A.& N.Islands 419,978 380,581 39,397 10.35 0.03 Malta 177
UT2 Chandigarh 1,126,705 1,055,450 71,255 6.75 0.08 Cyprus 160
UT4 D.& N.Haveli 378,979 343,709 35,270 10.26 0.03 Belize 180
UT5 Daman & Diu 220,084 243,247 -23,163 -9.52 0.02 Sao Tome and Principe 187
NCT Delhi 18,345,784 16,787,941 1,557,843 9.28 1.37 Kazakhstan 64
UT6 Lakshadweep 71,218 64,473 6,745 10.46 0.01 Dominica 205
UT1 Puducherry 1,375,592 1,247,953 127,639 10.23 0.10 Trinidad and Tobago 154
India 1,335,140,907 1,210,854,977 124,285,930 10.26 100India2

Indian States by Rural and Urban Population

StateRural (%) Urban (%)
Andhra Pradesh 70.53 29.47
Arunachal Pradesh 77.06 22.94
Assam 85.90 14.10
Bihar 88.71 11.29
Chhattisgarh 76.76 23.24
Goa 37.83 62.17
Gujarat 57.40 42.60
Haryana 65.12 34.88
Himachal Pradesh 89.97 10.03
Jammu & Kashmir 72.62 27.38
Jharkhand 75.95 24.05
Karnataka 61.33 38.67
Kerala 52.30 47.70
Madhya Pradesh 72.37 27.63
Maharashtra 54.78 45.22
Manipur 70.79 29.21
Meghalaya 79.93 20.07
Mizoram 47.89 52.11
Nagaland 71.14 28.86
Odisha 83.31 16.69
Punjab 62.52 37.48
Rajasthan 75.13 24.87
Sikkim 74.85 25.15
Tamil Nadu 51.60 48.40
Telangana 61.12 38.88
Tripura 73.83 26.17
Uttar Pradesh 77.73 22.27
Uttarakhand 69.77 30.23
West Bengal 68.13 31.87
A.& N.Islands 62.30 37.70
Chandigarh 2.75 97.25
D.& N.Haveli 53.28 46.72
Daman & Diu 24.83 75.17
Delhi 2.50 97.50
Lakshadweep 21.93 78.07
Puducherry 31.67 68.33
India 68.8631.14