List of Countries by Continent

Source United Nations Statistics Division
Date22 Oct 2019

The list of countries or areas contains the names of countries or areas in alphabetical order, their three-digit numerical codes used for statistical processing purposes by the Statistics Division of the United Nations Secretariat, and their three-digit alphabetical codes assigned by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). In general, this list of countries or areas includes those countries or areas for which statistical data are compiled by the Statistics Division of the United Nations Secretariat.

The names of countries or areas refer to their short form used in day-to-day operations of the United Nations and not necessarily to their official name as used in formal documents. These names are based on the United Nations Terminology Database (UNTERM). The designations employed and the presentation of material at this site do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The list of geographic regions presents the composition of geographical regions used by the Statistics Division in its publications and databases. Each country or area is shown in one region only. These geographic regions are based on continental regions; which are further subdivided into sub-regions and intermediary regions drawn as to obtain greater homogeneity in sizes of population, demographic circumstances and accuracy of demographic statistics.

North America : The continent of North America (numerical code 003) comprises Northern America (numerical code 021), Caribbean (numerical code 029), and Central America (numerical code 013).

Kosovo : The status of Kosovo should be understood to be in the context of United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999). As a result, within the "Standard country or area codes for statistical use (M49)", Kosovo is currently considered part of Serbia (numerical code 688). However, for strictly statistical purposes, the numerical code 412 can be used to represent this area.

Taiwan Province of China : On the 25th October 1971, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution (2758) to recognize the representatives of the Government of the People's Republic of China as the only legitimate representatives of China to the United Nations. As a result, within the M49, Taiwan Province of China is considered part of China (numerical code 156). However, for strictly statistical purposes, the numerical code 158 can be used to represent this area.

regons by United Nations Statistics Division
continents by United Nations Statistics Division

Geographical regions

Region M49 codeTotal
World001249
Africa00260
Northern Africa0157
Sub-Saharan Africa20253
Eastern Africa01422
Middle Africa0179
Southern Africa0185
Western Africa01117
Americas01957
Latin America and the Caribbean41952
Caribbean02928
Central America0138
South America00516
Northern America0215
Antarctica0101
Asia14250
Central Asia1435
Eastern Asia0307
South-eastern Asia03511
Southern Asia0349
Western Asia14518
Europe15052
Eastern Europe15110
Northern Europe15417
Channel Islands8303
Southern Europe03916
Western Europe1559
Oceania00929
Australia and New Zealand0536
Melanesia0545
Micronesia0578
Polynesia06110

Countries or Areas

ISO-alpha3 Code No Country or Area M49 Code Region 1 Region 2 Continent
AFG1Afghanistan004Southern AsiaAsia
ALA2Åland Islands248Northern EuropeEurope
ALB3Albania008Southern EuropeEurope
DZA4Algeria012Northern AfricaAfrica
ASM5American Samoa016PolynesiaOceania
AND6Andorra020Southern EuropeEurope
AGO7Angola024Middle AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
AIA8Anguilla660CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
ATA9Antarctica010AntarcticaAntarctica
ATG10Antigua and Barbuda028CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
ARG11Argentina032South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
ARM12Armenia051Western AsiaAsia
ABW13Aruba533CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
AUS14Australia036Australia and New ZealandOceania
AUT15Austria040Western EuropeEurope
AZE16Azerbaijan031Western AsiaAsia
BHS17Bahamas044CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
BHR18Bahrain048Western AsiaAsia
BGD19Bangladesh050Southern AsiaAsia
BRB20Barbados052CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
BLR21Belarus112Eastern EuropeEurope
BEL22Belgium056Western EuropeEurope
BLZ23Belize084Central AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
BEN24Benin204Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
BMU25Bermuda060Northern AmericaNorth America
BTN26Bhutan064Southern AsiaAsia
BOL27Bolivia (Plurinational State of)068South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
BES28Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba535CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
BIH29Bosnia and Herzegovina070Southern EuropeEurope
BWA30Botswana072Southern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
BVT31Bouvet Island074South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
BRA32Brazil076South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
IOT33British Indian Ocean Territory086Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
VGB34British Virgin Islands092CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
BRN35Brunei Darussalam096South-eastern AsiaAsia
BGR36Bulgaria100Eastern EuropeEurope
BFA37Burkina Faso854Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
BDI38Burundi108Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
CPV39Cabo Verde132Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
KHM40Cambodia116South-eastern AsiaAsia
CMR41Cameroon120Middle AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
CAN42Canada124Northern AmericaNorth America
CYM43Cayman Islands136CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
CAF44Central African Republic140Middle AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
TCD45Chad148Middle AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
CHL46Chile152South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
CHN47China156Eastern AsiaAsia
HKG48China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region344Eastern AsiaAsia
MAC49China, Macao Special Administrative Region446Eastern AsiaAsia
CXR50Christmas Island162Australia and New ZealandOceania
CCK51Cocos (Keeling) Islands166Australia and New ZealandOceania
COL52Colombia170South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
COM53Comoros174Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
COG54Congo178Middle AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
COK55Cook Islands184PolynesiaOceania
CRI56Costa Rica188Central AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
CIV57Côte d’Ivoire384Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
HRV58Croatia191Southern EuropeEurope
CUB59Cuba192CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
CUW60Curaçao531CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
CYP61Cyprus196Western AsiaAsia
CZE62Czechia203Eastern EuropeEurope
PRK63Democratic People's Republic of Korea408Eastern AsiaAsia
COD64Democratic Republic of the Congo180Middle AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
DNK65Denmark208Northern EuropeEurope
DJI66Djibouti262Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
DMA67Dominica212CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
DOM68Dominican Republic214CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
ECU69Ecuador218South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
EGY70Egypt818Northern AfricaAfrica
SLV71El Salvador222Central AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
GNQ72Equatorial Guinea226Middle AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
ERI73Eritrea232Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
EST74Estonia233Northern EuropeEurope
SWZ75Eswatini748Southern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
ETH76Ethiopia231Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
FLK77Falkland Islands (Malvinas)238South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
FRO78Faroe Islands234Northern EuropeEurope
FJI79Fiji242MelanesiaOceania
FIN80Finland246Northern EuropeEurope
FRA81France250Western EuropeEurope
GUF82French Guiana254South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
PYF83French Polynesia258PolynesiaOceania
ATF84French Southern Territories260Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
GAB85Gabon266Middle AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
GMB86Gambia270Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
GEO87Georgia268Western AsiaAsia
DEU88Germany276Western EuropeEurope
GHA89Ghana288Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
GIB90Gibraltar292Southern EuropeEurope
GRC91Greece300Southern EuropeEurope
GRL92Greenland304Northern AmericaNorth America
GRD93Grenada308CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
GLP94Guadeloupe312CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
GUM95Guam316MicronesiaOceania
GTM96Guatemala320Central AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
GGY97Guernsey831Northern EuropeChannel IslandsEurope
GIN98Guinea324Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
GNB99Guinea-Bissau624Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
GUY100Guyana328South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
HTI101Haiti332CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
HMD102Heard Island and McDonald Islands334Australia and New ZealandOceania
VAT103Holy See336Southern EuropeEurope
HND104Honduras340Central AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
HUN105Hungary348Eastern EuropeEurope
ISL106Iceland352Northern EuropeEurope
IND107India356Southern AsiaAsia
IDN108Indonesia360South-eastern AsiaAsia
IRN109Iran (Islamic Republic of)364Southern AsiaAsia
IRQ110Iraq368Western AsiaAsia
IRL111Ireland372Northern EuropeEurope
IMN112Isle of Man833Northern EuropeEurope
ISR113Israel376Western AsiaAsia
ITA114Italy380Southern EuropeEurope
JAM115Jamaica388CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
JPN116Japan392Eastern AsiaAsia
JEY117Jersey832Northern EuropeChannel IslandsEurope
JOR118Jordan400Western AsiaAsia
KAZ119Kazakhstan398Central AsiaAsia
KEN120Kenya404Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
KIR121Kiribati296MicronesiaOceania
KWT122Kuwait414Western AsiaAsia
KGZ123Kyrgyzstan417Central AsiaAsia
LAO124Lao People's Democratic Republic418South-eastern AsiaAsia
LVA125Latvia428Northern EuropeEurope
LBN126Lebanon422Western AsiaAsia
LSO127Lesotho426Southern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
LBR128Liberia430Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
LBY129Libya434Northern AfricaAfrica
LIE130Liechtenstein438Western EuropeEurope
LTU131Lithuania440Northern EuropeEurope
LUX132Luxembourg442Western EuropeEurope
MDG133Madagascar450Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
MWI134Malawi454Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
MYS135Malaysia458South-eastern AsiaAsia
MDV136Maldives462Southern AsiaAsia
MLI137Mali466Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
MLT138Malta470Southern EuropeEurope
MHL139Marshall Islands584MicronesiaOceania
MTQ140Martinique474CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
MRT141Mauritania478Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
MUS142Mauritius480Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
MYT143Mayotte175Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
MEX144Mexico484Central AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
FSM145Micronesia (Federated States of)583MicronesiaOceania
MCO146Monaco492Western EuropeEurope
MNG147Mongolia496Eastern AsiaAsia
MNE148Montenegro499Southern EuropeEurope
MSR149Montserrat500CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
MAR150Morocco504Northern AfricaAfrica
MOZ151Mozambique508Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
MMR152Myanmar104South-eastern AsiaAsia
NAM153Namibia516Southern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
NRU154Nauru520MicronesiaOceania
NPL155Nepal524Southern AsiaAsia
NLD156Netherlands528Western EuropeEurope
NCL157New Caledonia540MelanesiaOceania
NZL158New Zealand554Australia and New ZealandOceania
NIC159Nicaragua558Central AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
NER160Niger562Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
NGA161Nigeria566Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
NIU162Niue570PolynesiaOceania
NFK163Norfolk Island574Australia and New ZealandOceania
MKD164North Macedonia807Southern EuropeEurope
MNP165Northern Mariana Islands580MicronesiaOceania
NOR166Norway578Northern EuropeEurope
OMN167Oman512Western AsiaAsia
PAK168Pakistan586Southern AsiaAsia
PLW169Palau585MicronesiaOceania
PAN170Panama591Central AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
PNG171Papua New Guinea598MelanesiaOceania
PRY172Paraguay600South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
PER173Peru604South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
PHL174Philippines608South-eastern AsiaAsia
PCN175Pitcairn612PolynesiaOceania
POL176Poland616Eastern EuropeEurope
PRT177Portugal620Southern EuropeEurope
PRI178Puerto Rico630CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
QAT179Qatar634Western AsiaAsia
KOR180Republic of Korea410Eastern AsiaAsia
MDA181Republic of Moldova498Eastern EuropeEurope
REU182Réunion638Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
ROU183Romania642Eastern EuropeEurope
RUS184Russian Federation643Eastern EuropeEurope
RWA185Rwanda646Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
BLM186Saint Barthélemy652CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
SHN187Saint Helena654Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
KNA188Saint Kitts and Nevis659CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
LCA189Saint Lucia662CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
MAF190Saint Martin (French Part)663CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
SPM191Saint Pierre and Miquelon666Northern AmericaNorth America
VCT192Saint Vincent and the Grenadines670CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
WSM193Samoa882PolynesiaOceania
SMR194San Marino674Southern EuropeEurope
STP195Sao Tome and Principe678Middle AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
196Sark680Northern EuropeChannel IslandsEurope
SAU197Saudi Arabia682Western AsiaAsia
SEN198Senegal686Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
SRB199Serbia688Southern EuropeEurope
SYC200Seychelles690Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
SLE201Sierra Leone694Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
SGP202Singapore702South-eastern AsiaAsia
SXM203Sint Maarten (Dutch part)534CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
SVK204Slovakia703Eastern EuropeEurope
SVN205Slovenia705Southern EuropeEurope
SLB206Solomon Islands090MelanesiaOceania
SOM207Somalia706Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
ZAF208South Africa710Southern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
SGS209South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands239South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
SSD210South Sudan728Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
ESP211Spain724Southern EuropeEurope
LKA212Sri Lanka144Southern AsiaAsia
PSE213State of Palestine275Western AsiaAsia
SDN214Sudan729Northern AfricaAfrica
SUR215Suriname740South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
SJM216Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands744Northern EuropeEurope
SWE217Sweden752Northern EuropeEurope
CHE218Switzerland756Western EuropeEurope
SYR219Syrian Arab Republic760Western AsiaAsia
TJK220Tajikistan762Central AsiaAsia
THA221Thailand764South-eastern AsiaAsia
TLS222Timor-Leste626South-eastern AsiaAsia
TGO223Togo768Western AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
TKL224Tokelau772PolynesiaOceania
TON225Tonga776PolynesiaOceania
TTO226Trinidad and Tobago780CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
TUN227Tunisia788Northern AfricaAfrica
TUR228Turkey792Western AsiaAsia
TKM229Turkmenistan795Central AsiaAsia
TCA230Turks and Caicos Islands796CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
TUV231Tuvalu798PolynesiaOceania
UGA232Uganda800Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
UKR233Ukraine804Eastern EuropeEurope
ARE234United Arab Emirates784Western AsiaAsia
GBR235United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland826Northern EuropeEurope
TZA236United Republic of Tanzania834Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
UMI237United States Minor Outlying Islands581MicronesiaOceania
USA238United States of America840Northern AmericaNorth America
VIR239United States Virgin Islands850CaribbeanLatin America and the CaribbeanNorth America
URY240Uruguay858South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
UZB241Uzbekistan860Central AsiaAsia
VUT242Vanuatu548MelanesiaOceania
VEN243Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)862South AmericaLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth America
VNM244Viet Nam704South-eastern AsiaAsia
WLF245Wallis and Futuna Islands876PolynesiaOceania
ESH246Western Sahara732Northern AfricaAfrica
YEM247Yemen887Western AsiaAsia
ZMB248Zambia894Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
ZWE249Zimbabwe716Eastern AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAfrica