Top Computer Languages

Source TIOBE Index
PYPL PopularitY of Programming Language Index
Last Updated19 May 2021

C is the most widely popular programming language in TIOBE Index, while Python is the most searched language in PYPL Index. Python and Java closely follow Top-ranked C in TIOBE. In PYPL, a gap is wider as top-ranked Python has taken a lead of close to 12% from 2nd ranked Java.

TIOBE: Python has overtaken Java at 2nd position and is most likely to overtake top-ranked C because C is (just like Java) losing popularity. These three languages are way ahead of others in TIOBE Index. C++ is at 4th while C# and Visual Basic .NET are very close to each other at 5th and 6th number. These five have negative trends in the past five years: Java, C, C++, C#, and PHP. PHP was at 3rd position in Mar 2010 is now at 9th. Positions of Java, C, and C++ have not been much affected, but their ratings are constantly declining. The rating of Java has declined from 26.49% in June 2001 to 10.45% in Mar 2021.

Acc to PYPL, which publishes separate ranking for five countries, Python is the top language in all five countries (US, India, Germany, United Kingdom, France). Python has taken a huge lead in these five countries over the 2nd number of Java, and its shares are even more than double of Java in four countries except India. These two account for almost half (48%) of the global search. Python has the highest share in France, over 39%, and the lowest 31% in India.

PYPL: PHP is the biggest loser in recent years. Its share was over 20% in 2008; now, this fig is only 6.15% in 2021. Java is too declining but not as fast as PHP. Java's contribution was over 31% in 2008, and still, it holds 18%. In 2004-2009, 50% of the search was of either Java or PHP.

TIOBE Index: TIOBE ratings are calculated by counting hits of the most popular search engines. Twenty-five search engines are used to calculate the TIOBE index. The TIOBE Programming Community index is an indicator of the popularity of programming languages. The index started in the year 2001 and updated once a month.

PYPL Index: The PYPL PopularitY of Programming Language Index is created by analyzing how often language tutorials are searched on Google. The index is updated once a month.

TIOBE Index

May 2021July 2019Change Programming languageRatingsChange
11C13.38%-3.68%
23Python11.87%+2.75%
32Java11.74%-4.54%
44C++7.81%+1.69%
55C#4.41%+0.12%
66Visual Basic4.02%-0.16%
77JavaScript2.45%-0.23%
814↑↑Assembly language2.43%+1.31%
98PHP1.86%-0.63%
109SQL1.71%-0.38%
1115↑↑Ruby1.50%+0.48%
1217↑↑Classic Visual Basic1.41%+0.53%
1310R1.38%-0.46%
1438↑↑Groovy1.25%+0.96%
1513MATLAB1.23%+0.06%
1612↓↓Go1.22%-0.05%
1723↑↑Delphi/Object Pascal1.21%+0.60%
1811↓↓Swift1.14%-0.65%
1918Perl1.04%+0.16%
2034↑↑Fortran0.83%+0.51%

PYPL Index (Worldwide)

May 2021ChangeProgramming language ShareTrends
1Python29.9 %-1.2 %
2Java17.72 %-0.0 %
3JavaScript8.31 %+0.4 %
4C#6.9 %-0.1 %
5C/C++6.62 %+0.9 %
6PHP6.15 %+0.1 %
7R3.93 %+0.0 %
8Objective-C2.52 %+0.1 %
9Swift1.96 %-0.2 %
10TypeScript1.89 %+0.0 %
11Matlab1.71 %-0.2 %
12Kotlin1.62 %+0.1 %
13Go1.42 %+0.1 %
14VBA1.33 %-0.0 %
15↑↑↑Rust1.13 %+0.4 %
16Ruby1.12 %-0.1 %
17↑↑↑↑↑↑↑↑Ada0.72 %+0.3 %
18Visual Basic0.7 %-0.2 %
19↓↓↓Scala0.67 %-0.4 %
20Abap0.61 %+0.1 %
21Dart0.55 %+0.0 %
22↑↑Lua0.49 %+0.1 %
23↑↑↑Julia0.42 %+0.1 %
24↓↓↓Groovy0.41 %-0.0 %
25↓↓↓Perl0.4 %-0.0 %
26↓↓↓Cobol0.36 %-0.1 %
27Delphi/Pascal0.24 %-0.0 %
28Haskell0.21 %-0.1 %

PYPL Index (US)

May 2021Programming languageShare
1Python33.18 %
2Java16.29 %
3JavaScript7.25 %
4C#6.97 %
5R5.7 %
6C/C++5.24 %
7Objective-C3.45 %
8Swift3.3 %
9PHP2.93 %
10Go2.28 %
11Matlab2.09 %
12TypeScript1.96 %
13Rust1.63 %
14Ruby1.62 %
15VBA1.27 %
16Kotlin0.78 %
17Scala0.72 %
18Groovy0.58 %
19Lua0.5 %
20Perl0.47 %
21Visual Basic0.47 %
22Julia0.46 %
23Haskell0.39 %
24Cobol0.15 %
25Dart0.14 %
26Ada0.14 %
27Abap0.07 %

PYPL Index (India)

May 2021Programming languageShare
1Python31.35 %
2Java22.16 %
3JavaScript9.87 %
4C/C++8.12 %
5C#6.67 %
6PHP6.4 %
7R1.95 %
8TypeScript1.89 %
9Kotlin1.74 %
10Objective-C0.98 %
11Swift0.98 %
12Go0.9 %
13VBA0.87 %
14Scala0.87 %
15Abap0.85 %
16Matlab0.85 %
17Ruby0.7 %
18Cobol0.61 %
19Perl0.59 %
20Dart0.58 %
21Groovy0.34 %
22Visual Basic0.32 %
23Rust0.18 %
24Julia0.12 %
25Delphi/Pascal0.07 %
26Lua0.04 %

PYPL Index (Germany)

May 2021Programming languageShare
1Python32.7 %
2Java12.99 %
3C#10.12 %
4JavaScript6.83 %
5PHP6.21 %
6R5.02 %
7C/C++3.38 %
8Objective-C3.29 %
9TypeScript2.65 %
10Rust2.41 %
11Matlab2.27 %
12VBA2.1 %
13Swift1.38 %
14Delphi/Pascal1.24 %
15Abap1.23 %
16Kotlin1.06 %
17Go0.92 %
18Scala0.91 %
19Lua0.66 %
20Julia0.59 %
21Groovy0.54 %
22Ruby0.42 %
23Dart0.36 %
24Haskell0.27 %
25Visual Basic0.27 %
26Cobol0.19 %

PYPL Index (United Kingdom)

May 2021Programming languageShare
1Python31.43 %
2Java13.16 %
3C#8.41 %
4JavaScript8.02 %
5C/C++5.57 %
6R5.1 %
7PHP4.95 %
8Matlab3.72 %
9Objective-C2.96 %
10Swift2.57 %
11Go2.12 %
12Ruby1.71 %
13Rust1.67 %
14VBA1.41 %
15TypeScript1.11 %
16Haskell1.11 %
17Kotlin1.02 %
18Visual Basic0.98 %
19Perl0.8 %
20Lua0.71 %
21Julia0.53 %
22Scala0.4 %
23Groovy0.2 %
24Cobol0.2 %
25Dart0.13 %

PYPL Index (France)

May 2021Programming languageShare
1Python39.32 %
2Java14.88 %
3JavaScript9.05 %
4PHP8.15 %
5C#4.74 %
6C/C++4.73 %
7R4.57 %
8VBA2.09 %
9Objective-C2.04 %
10Swift1.8 %
11Kotlin1.47 %
12Go1.21 %
13TypeScript0.94 %
14Rust0.86 %
15Dart0.82 %
16Ruby0.75 %
17Julia0.74 %
18Visual Basic0.74 %
19Cobol0.38 %
20Lua0.38 %
21Perl0.34 %
22Scala0.0 %