Top Computer Languages

Source TIOBE Index
PYPL PopularitY of Programming Language Index
Last Updated20 Dec 2021

Python is the top programming language in TIOBE and PYPL Index. C and Java closely follow Top-ranked Python in TIOBE. In PYPL, a gap is wider as top-ranked Python has taken a lead of close to 12% from 2nd ranked Java.

TIOBE: Python has overtaken C at 1st position in oct 2021. Python, C and Java are way ahead of others in TIOBE Index. C++ is at 4th while C# and Visual Basic .NET are very close to each other at 5th and 6th number. These five have negative trends in the past five years: Java, C, C++, C#, and PHP. PHP was at 3rd position in Mar 2010 is now at 12th. Positions of Java, C, and C++ have not been much affected, but their ratings are constantly declining. The rating of Java has declined from 26.49% in June 2001 to 10.12% in Dec 2021.

PYPL: Acc to PYPL, which publishes separate ranking for five countries, Python is the top language in all five countries (US, India, Germany, United Kingdom, France). Python has taken a huge lead in these five countries over the 2nd number of Java, and its shares are even almost double of Java in four countries except India. These two account for almost half (48%) of the global search. JavaScript has attained its all time highest share of 9.2% in Dec 2021. JavaScript is at 3rd position in US, India and Germany.

PHP is the biggest loser in recent years in PYPL. Its share was over 20% in 2008; now, this fig is only 5.76% in 2021. Java is too declining but not as fast as PHP. Java's contribution was over 31% in 2008, and still, it holds 18%. In 2004-2009, 50% of the search was of either Java or PHP.

TIOBE Index: TIOBE ratings are calculated by counting hits of the most popular search engines. Twenty-five search engines are used to calculate the TIOBE index. The TIOBE Programming Community index is an indicator of the popularity of programming languages. The index started in the year 2001 and updated once a month.

PYPL Index: The PYPL PopularitY of Programming Language Index is created by analyzing how often language tutorials are searched on Google. The index is updated once a month.

TIOBE Index

Dec 2021Dec 2020Change Programming languageRatingsChange
1 3 Python 12.90% +0.69%
2 1 C 11.80% -4.69%
3 2 Java 10.12% -2.41%
4 4 C++ 7.73% +0.82%
5 5 C# 6.40% +2.21%
6 6 Visual Basic 5.40% +1.48%
7 7 JavaScript 2.30% -0.06%
8 12 ↑↑ Assembly language 2.25% +0.91%
9 10 SQL 1.79% +0.26%
10 13 Swift 1.76% +0.54%
11 9 R 1.58% -0.01%
12 8 ↓↓ PHP 1.50% -0.62%
13 23 ↑↑ Classic Visual Basic 1.27% +0.56%
14 11 Groovy 1.23% -0.30%
15 15 Ruby 1.16% -0.01%
16 18 Delphi/Object Pascal 1.14% +0.27%
17 32 ↑↑ Fortran 1.04% +0.59%
18 14 ↓↓ Perl 0.96% -0.24%
19 16 Go 0.95% -0.19%
20 17 MATLAB 0.92% -0.18%

PYPL Index (Worldwide)

Dec 2021ChangeProgramming language ShareTrends
1Python 30.21 %-0.5 %
2Java 17.82 %+1.3 %
3JavaScript 9.16 %+0.6 %
4C# 7.53 %+1.0 %
5C/C++ 6.82 %+0.6 %
6PHP 5.84 %-0.2 %
7R 3.81 %-0.0 %
8Swift 2.03 %-0.2 %
9Objective-C 2.02 %-1.6 %
10Matlab 1.73 %-0.1 %
11TypeScript 1.63 %-0.2 %
12Go 1.52 %+0.2 %
13Kotlin 1.44 %-0.2 %
14VBA 1.27 %+0.1 %
15Rust 0.94 %-0.2 %
16Ruby 0.89 %-0.2 %
17↑↑Ada 0.86 %+0.2 %
18Scala 0.63 %-0.1 %
19↑↑Dart 0.61 %+0.0 %
20↑↑↑Abap 0.55 %+0.1 %
21↓↓↓↓Visual Basic 0.53 %-0.2 %
22↑↑↑Groovy 0.48 %+0.1 %
23↓↓↓Lua 0.47 %-0.2 %
24Julia 0.36 %-0.0 %
25↓↓↓Perl 0.3 %-0.2 %
26Haskell 0.28 %+0.0 %
27Cobol 0.26 %-0.1 %

PYPL Index (US)

Dec 2021Programming languageShare
1Python29.69 %
2Java14.98 %
3JavaScript7.85 %
4R6.95 %
5C/C++6.16 %
6C#5.39 %
7Swift3.61 %
8Objective-C3.52 %
9PHP2.71 %
10Matlab2.44 %
11TypeScript2.24 %
12Go1.78 %
13Rust1.69 %
14VBA1.62 %
15Ruby1.6 %
16Kotlin0.97 %
17Lua0.91 %
18Perl0.83 %
19Julia0.68 %
20Scala0.65 %
21Visual Basic0.64 %
22Haskell0.64 %
23Cobol0.57 %
24Dart0.56 %
25Groovy0.53 %
26Delphi/Pascal0.44 %
27Ada0.3 %
28Abap0.06 %

PYPL Index (India)

Dec 2021Programming languageShare
1Python28.86 %
2Java21.7 %
3JavaScript11.6 %
4C/C++9.72 %
5C#7.65 %
6PHP5.99 %
7Kotlin1.81 %
8R1.79 %
9TypeScript1.35 %
10Abap1.13 %
11Swift1.12 %
12Objective-C0.93 %
13VBA0.84 %
14Matlab0.76 %
15Go0.71 %
16Scala0.7 %
17Ruby0.69 %
18Groovy0.59 %
19Dart0.55 %
20Cobol0.49 %
21Visual Basic0.33 %
22Perl0.28 %
23Julia0.17 %
24Rust0.15 %
25Lua0.06 %
26Haskell0.03 %
27Delphi/Pascal0.0 %

PYPL Index (Germany)

Dec 2021Programming languageShare
1Python27.7 %
2Java14.32 %
3JavaScript9.63 %
4PHP9.22 %
5C#8.56 %
6R5.26 %
7C/C++3.89 %
8Go2.71 %
9Swift2.34 %
10Matlab2.08 %
11Objective-C1.88 %
12Rust1.66 %
13TypeScript1.53 %
14VBA1.29 %
15Ruby1.27 %
16Kotlin1.18 %
17Julia1.18 %
18Delphi/Pascal1.1 %
19Perl1.06 %
20Haskell0.3 %
21Cobol0.3 %
22Groovy0.29 %
23Scala0.29 %
24Lua0.28 %
25Dart0.25 %
26Abap0.25 %
27Visual Basic0.2 %

PYPL Index (United Kingdom)

Dec 2021Programming languageShare
1Python28.85 %
2Java11.88 %
3C#11.42 %
4C/C++7.79 %
5JavaScript7.18 %
6R5.95 %
7Objective-C4.49 %
8Swift3.47 %
9PHP2.79 %
10Matlab2.74 %
11Kotlin2.04 %
12Rust1.83 %
13Go1.47 %
14TypeScript1.33 %
15VBA1.16 %
16Visual Basic1.15 %
17Ruby1.09 %
18Haskell0.8 %
19Dart0.68 %
20Lua0.67 %
21Groovy0.5 %
22Julia0.39 %
23Scala0.33 %

PYPL Index (France)

Dec 2021Programming languageShare
1Python27.89 %
2Java14.32 %
3C/C++8.87 %
4R7.67 %
5JavaScript6.87 %
6C#6.11 %
7PHP6.0 %
8TypeScript4.84 %
9Go3.06 %
10Matlab2.76 %
11Julia2.1 %
12Objective-C1.99 %
13Dart1.44 %
14Kotlin1.32 %
15VBA1.26 %
16Lua1.04 %
17Swift0.92 %
18Rust0.77 %
19Perl0.77 %
20Scala0.0 %
21Visual Basic0.0 %
22Cobol0.0 %