Demographics of Costa Rica

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date30 Oct 2021

As of 2021, the population of Costa Rica is projected at 5.14 million, up by 0.88% compared with 5.09 million in 2020. Costa Rica is ranked 123rd in terms of population and 119th in terms of population growth rate.

There are 0.07 million births in Costa Rica in 2021. That is 185 per day, which is ranked 125th. The crude birth rate is 13.12 per 1000 people. There are 0.03 million deaths in Costa Rica in 2021. That is 75 per day, which is ranked 134th. The crude death rate is 5.3 per 1000 people.

4.14 million people are living in urban areas, which is 81.43% of Costa Rica population. Costa Rica is ranked 108th in terms of urbanization.

The Sex Ratio in Costa Rica in 2021 is 99.79 males per 100 females. There are 2.57 million males and 2.57 million females in Costa Rica. The percentage of female population is 50.05% compare to 49.95% male population. Costa Rica has 5.39 thousand more females than males. Costa Rica is at 117th position out of 201 countries/territories in terms of female to male ratio.

  • Population
  • Growth rate

Costa Rica population

Year Population Growth (%)
1950945,683-
19551,110,0883.57
19601,330,7873.76
19651,592,8343.43
19701,847,3942.75
19752,094,1862.54
19802,389,9732.73
19852,736,7192.72
19903,119,4362.65
19953,545,5242.51
20003,962,3691.98
20054,285,5041.43
20104,577,3711.25
20154,847,8051.09
20164,899,3361.06
20174,949,9551.03
20184,999,4431.00
20195,047,5610.96
20205,094,1140.92
20215,139,0530.88
  • Total
  • Crude

Costa Rica death and birth rate

Year Total Crude(per 1000)
DeathBirthCrude deathCrude birth
195012,17339,36812.7141.27
195513,21650,88611.7945.43
196013,67761,41210.2345.90
196513,29864,1748.3640.44
197012,45059,7746.7332.43
197511,63361,9435.5329.39
198011,03471,7534.6029.93
198511,23481,4504.0929.69
199012,34885,6163.9527.39
199513,82782,8373.9023.35
200015,62876,3513.9619.34
200517,98471,7514.2016.72
201020,68371,9904.5215.72
201523,55671,5534.8614.76
202026,59868,2425.2313.40
202127,22767,3735.3013.12
  • Population
  • Urbanization

Urban and rural population of Costa Rica

Year Population Urbanization
UrbanRuralgrowth rate (%)Urban (%)
1950321,509637,986-33.508
1955379,324740,2933.6233.880
1960456,615876,4253.8734.254
1965568,9411,020,6805.1735.791
1970717,8531,131,0134.4738.827
1975867,2611,230,1463.4041.349
19801,029,7571,359,5533.5443.099
19851,240,7681,489,4654.7345.445
19901,548,1021,547,8934.4650.003
19951,915,6041,595,3224.2254.561
20002,318,0401,607,4033.5659.052
20052,789,6381,458,2033.4765.672
20103,260,5901,284,6902.9471.736
20153,695,4301,112,4222.2876.862
20204,074,214969,9651.7780.771
20214,142,550944,9931.6881.425
  • Population pyramid
  • Gender ratio

Costa Rica population by Age Group (2011)

Age group Male Female Total M per 100 F
PersonsShare (%)
00-04 175,943 167,840 343,783 6.69 104.828
05-09 182,941 174,616 357,557 6.96 104.768
10-14 182,165 173,980 356,145 6.93 104.705
15-19 183,896 175,910 359,806 7.00 104.540
20-24 200,594 192,781 393,375 7.65 104.053
25-29 213,933 206,918 420,851 8.19 103.390
30-34 219,087 213,675 432,762 8.42 102.533
35-39 203,565 200,372 403,937 7.86 101.594
40-44 179,405 178,737 358,142 6.97 100.374
45-49 151,976 155,402 307,378 5.98 97.795
50-54 148,397 154,173 302,570 5.89 96.254
55-59 147,208 153,618 300,826 5.85 95.827
60-64 124,059 130,946 255,005 4.96 94.741
65-69 90,194 97,380 187,574 3.65 92.621
70-74 68,167 75,369 143,536 2.79 90.444
75-79 44,946 52,357 97,303 1.89 85.845
80-84 27,589 34,620 62,209 1.21 79.691
85-89 14,711 20,420 35,131 0.68 72.042
90-94 6,197 9,693 15,890 0.31 63.933
95-99 1,640 2,951 4,591 0.09 55.574
100+ 221 461 682 0.01 47.939
Total 2,566,834 2,572,219 5,139,053 99.791