The current population of India is 1,405,340,814 as of May 26, 2022, based on interpolation of the latest United Nations data. The population of India is projected at 1,393,409,038 or 1.39 billion or 1393.4 million or 139 crore as of July 1, 2021. The total population in India is projected at 1,380,004,385 or 1.38 billion or 1380.04 million or 138 crore people for the year 2020. India is the second most populous country in the world behind China. It is now estimated that by 2027, India will most likely overtake China to become the most populous country in the world with 1.47 billion people. And by 2030, India will cross the 1.5 billion milestone. India’s population will peak in 2059 with 1.65 bn people decrease further to 1.45 billion by 2100.

India accounts for a meagre 2.4 percent of the world surface area yet it supports and sustains a whopping 17.7 percent of the world population. Since Population of India is increasing with slower rate than the world, its global share is decreasing. By 2100, 13.34% of the earth population will be in India, that is 4.42% less than the peak level of 17.76% in 2013.

Population growth rate for 2020 is projected at 0.97%, that is 112th highest among 235 countries/dependent territories. The population growth reached a peak in 1974 with an annual growth rate of 2.36%. India will add 13.4 million in 2021 that is near to the population of 75th ranked Guinea. The net increase of the population per year has peaked in 1998 with almost 18.6 million.

According to the Census of India 2011, the population of India stood at 1,210,854,977. The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 was 17.70%, 3.84% lower than 1991-2001 period. The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 has registered the sharpest decline since independence. Population of India had increased by 182.1 million during the decade 2001- 2011. The increased population during the decade 2001-2011 is approximately equal to the population of Pakistan, the sixth most populous country in the world.

Population of India, which at the turn of the twentieth century, was only around 238.4 million increased by more than five times in a period of 110 years to reach 1210 million at 2011. Population of India increased by 3.35 times since independence.

  • Population
  • Growth rate
  • Net change

India population projections

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
20201,380,004,38513,586,6310.9917.7
20211,393,409,03813,404,6530.9717.7
20221,406,631,77613,222,7380.9517.7
20231,419,655,80613,024,0300.9317.7
20241,432,456,47812,800,6720.9017.7
20251,445,011,62012,555,1420.8817.7
20261,457,308,85512,297,2350.8517.6
20271,469,338,56512,029,7100.8317.6
20281,481,083,33811,744,7730.8017.6
20291,492,524,28211,440,9440.7717.6
20301,503,642,32211,118,0400.7417.6
20311,514,427,16510,784,8430.7217.6
20321,524,862,01710,434,8520.6917.6
20331,534,913,98710,051,9700.6617.5
20341,544,544,3649,630,3770.6317.5
20351,553,723,8109,179,4460.5917.5
20361,562,439,2658,715,4550.5617.5
20371,570,690,4428,251,1770.5317.4
20381,578,478,1797,787,7370.5017.4
20391,585,809,3207,331,1410.4617.4
20401,592,691,5136,882,1930.4317.3
20411,599,124,1046,432,5910.4017.3
20421,605,111,2605,987,1560.3717.2
20431,610,672,8835,561,6230.3517.2
20441,615,834,9935,162,1100.3217.1
20451,620,619,2004,784,2070.3017.1
20461,625,034,1224,414,9220.2717.0
20471,629,084,5064,050,3840.2517.0
20481,632,783,2893,698,7830.2316.9
20491,636,143,7333,360,4440.2116.9
20501,639,176,0333,032,3000.1916.8
20511,641,888,1922,712,1590.1716.8
20521,644,282,5482,394,3560.1516.7
20531,646,355,8752,073,3270.1316.7
20541,648,101,1631,745,2880.1116.6
20551,649,513,1601,411,9970.0916.6
20561,650,592,7551,079,5950.0716.5
20571,651,342,441749,6860.0516.4
20581,651,760,133417,6920.0316.4
20591,651,843,11382,9800.0116.3
20601,651,589,528-253,585-0.0216.3
20611,651,001,679-587,849-0.0416.2
20621,650,080,986-920,693-0.0616.1
20631,648,824,112-1,256,874-0.0816.1
20641,647,226,611-1,597,501-0.1016.0
20651,645,287,234-1,939,377-0.1215.9
20661,643,009,777-2,277,457-0.1415.9
20671,640,402,427-2,607,350-0.1615.8
20681,637,474,664-2,927,763-0.1815.7
20691,634,238,372-3,236,292-0.2015.7
20701,630,705,925-3,532,447-0.2215.6
20711,626,886,097-3,819,828-0.2315.5
20721,622,790,158-4,095,939-0.2515.4
20731,618,436,680-4,353,478-0.2715.4
20741,613,847,123-4,589,557-0.2815.3
20751,609,040,631-4,806,492-0.3015.2
20761,604,031,514-5,009,117-0.3115.1
20771,598,830,751-5,200,763-0.3215.1
20781,593,450,148-5,380,603-0.3415.0
20791,587,900,578-5,549,570-0.3514.9
20801,582,193,255-5,707,323-0.3614.8
20811,576,338,459-5,854,796-0.3714.7
20821,570,348,764-5,989,695-0.3814.7
20831,564,240,054-6,108,710-0.3914.6
20841,558,029,596-6,210,458-0.4014.5
20851,551,731,747-6,297,849-0.4014.4
20861,545,358,107-6,373,640-0.4114.4
20871,538,914,873-6,443,234-0.4214.3
20881,532,403,986-6,510,887-0.4214.2
20891,525,824,204-6,579,782-0.4314.1
20901,519,176,268-6,647,936-0.4414.1
20911,512,464,720-6,711,548-0.4414.0
20921,505,697,184-6,767,536-0.4513.9
20931,498,882,983-6,814,201-0.4513.8
20941,492,031,487-6,851,496-0.4613.8
20951,485,150,516-6,880,971-0.4613.7
20961,478,245,816-6,904,700-0.4613.6
20971,471,320,763-6,925,053-0.4713.5
20981,464,376,278-6,944,485-0.4713.5
20991,457,410,912-6,965,366-0.4813.4
21001,450,420,839-6,990,073-0.4813.3

India population estimates

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
1950376,325,200--14.8
1951382,376,9486,051,7481.6114.8
1952388,799,0736,422,1251.6814.8
1953395,544,3696,745,2961.7314.8
1954402,578,5967,034,2271.7814.8
1955409,880,5957,301,9991.8114.8
1956417,442,8117,562,2161.8414.8
1957425,270,6957,827,8841.8814.8
1958433,380,9788,110,2831.9114.8
1959441,798,5788,417,6001.9414.8
1960450,547,6798,749,1011.9814.8
1961459,642,1659,094,4862.0214.9
1962469,077,1909,435,0252.0514.9
1963478,825,6089,748,4182.0814.9
1964488,848,13510,022,5272.0914.9
1965499,123,32410,275,1892.1014.9
1966509,631,50010,508,1762.1115.0
1967520,400,57610,769,0762.1115.0
1968531,513,82411,113,2482.1415.0
1969543,084,33611,570,5122.1815.0
1970555,189,79212,105,4562.2315.0
1971567,868,01812,678,2262.2815.0
1972581,087,25613,219,2382.3315.1
1973594,770,13413,682,8782.3515.1
1974608,802,60014,032,4662.3615.2
1975623,102,89714,300,2972.3515.3
1976637,630,08714,527,1902.3315.3
1977652,408,77614,778,6892.3215.4
1978667,499,80615,091,0302.3115.5
1979682,995,35415,495,5482.3215.6
1980698,952,84415,957,4902.3415.7
1981715,384,99316,432,1492.3515.8
1982732,239,50416,854,5112.3615.9
1983749,428,95817,189,4542.3515.9
1984766,833,41017,404,4522.3216.0
1985784,360,00817,526,5982.2916.1
1986801,975,24417,615,2362.2516.2
1987819,682,10217,706,8582.2116.2
1988837,468,93017,786,8282.1716.3
1989855,334,67817,865,7482.1316.3
1990873,277,79817,943,1202.1016.4
1991891,273,20917,995,4112.0616.5
1992909,307,01618,033,8072.0216.5
1993927,403,86018,096,8441.9916.6
1994945,601,83118,197,9711.9616.7
1995963,922,58818,320,7571.9416.8
1996982,365,24318,442,6551.9116.9
19971,000,900,03018,534,7871.8916.9
19981,019,483,58118,583,5511.8617.0
19991,038,058,15618,574,5751.8217.1
20001,056,575,54918,517,3931.7817.2
20011,075,000,08518,424,5361.7417.3
20021,093,317,18918,317,1041.7017.3
20031,111,523,14418,205,9551.6717.4
20041,129,623,45618,100,3121.6317.5
20051,147,609,92717,986,4711.5917.5
20061,165,486,29117,876,3641.5617.6
20071,183,209,47217,723,1811.5217.6
20081,200,669,76517,460,2931.4817.7
20091,217,726,21517,056,4501.4217.7
20101,234,281,17016,554,9551.3617.7
20111,250,287,94316,006,7731.3017.8
20121,265,780,24715,492,3041.2417.8
20131,280,842,12515,061,8781.1917.8
20141,295,600,77214,758,6471.1517.8
20151,310,152,40314,551,6311.1217.8
20161,324,517,24914,364,8461.1017.7
20171,338,676,78514,159,5361.0717.7
20181,352,642,28013,965,4951.0417.7
20191,366,417,75413,775,4741.0217.7

Census (1901-2011)

Year Population Growth
Net Changerate (%)
1901238,396,327--
1911252,093,39013,697,0635.75
1921251,321,213-772,177-0.31
1931278,977,23827,656,02511.00
1941318,660,58039,683,34214.22
1951361,088,09042,427,51013.31
1961439,234,77178,146,68121.64
1971548,159,652108,924,88124.80
1981683,329,097135,169,44524.66
1991846,421,039163,091,94223.87
20011,028,737,436182,316,39721.54
20111,210,854,977182,117,54117.70