The population of India is projected at 1,393,409,038 or 1,393 million or 1.39 billion or 139.3 crore as of July 1, 2021. The total population in India is projected at 1,380,004,385 or 1.380 billion or 1,380 million or 138 crore people for the year 2020. India is the second-most populous country in the world, behind China. It is now estimated that by 2027, India will most likely overtake China to become the most populous country in the world, with 1.47 billion people. And by 2030, India will cross the 1.5 billion milestones. India's population will peak in 2059 with 1.65 bn people.

India accounts for a meager 2.4 percent of the world surface area, yet it supports and sustains a whopping 17.7 percent of the world population. Since the Population of India is increasing at a slower rate than the world, its global share is decreasing. By 2100, 13.34% of the earth's population will be in India, which is 4.42% less than the peak level of 17.76% in 2013.

The population growth rate for 2021 is projected at 0.97%, which is 112th highest among 235 countries/dependent territories. The population growth reached a peak in 1974 with an annual growth rate of 2.36%. India will add 13.4 million in 2021 that is near to the population of 75th ranked Guinea. The net increase of the population per year peaked in 1998 at almost 18.6 million.

According to the Census of India 2011, the population of India stood at 1,210,854,977. The percentage of decadal growth during 2001-2011 was 17.70%, 3.84% lower than the 1991-2001 period. The percentage of decadal growth during 2001-2011 has registered the sharpest decline since independence. The population of India had increased by 182.1 million during the decade 2001- 2011. The increased population during the decade 2001-2011 is approximately equal to the population of Pakistan, the sixth most populous country in the world.

The population of India, which at the turn of the twentieth century, was only around 238.4 million, increased by more than five times in a period of 110 years to reach 1210 million in 2011. The population of India has increased by 3.35 times since independence.

  • Population
  • Growth rate
  • Net change

India population projections

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
20201,380,004,38513,586,6310.9917.70
20211,393,409,03813,404,6530.9717.69
20221,406,631,77613,222,7380.9517.68
20231,419,655,80613,024,0300.9317.68
20241,432,456,47812,800,6720.9017.67
20251,445,011,62012,555,1420.8817.66
20261,457,308,85512,297,2350.8517.64
20271,469,338,56512,029,7100.8317.63
20281,481,083,33811,744,7730.8017.62
20291,492,524,28211,440,9440.7717.61
20301,503,642,32211,118,0400.7417.59
20311,514,427,16510,784,8430.7217.57
20321,524,862,01710,434,8520.6917.55
20331,534,913,98710,051,9700.6617.53
20341,544,544,3649,630,3770.6317.51
20351,553,723,8109,179,4460.5917.48
20361,562,439,2658,715,4550.5617.45
20371,570,690,4428,251,1770.5317.42
20381,578,478,1797,787,7370.5017.39
20391,585,809,3207,331,1410.4617.35
20401,592,691,5136,882,1930.4317.31
20411,599,124,1046,432,5910.4017.27
20421,605,111,2605,987,1560.3717.23
20431,610,672,8835,561,6230.3517.19
20441,615,834,9935,162,1100.3217.14
20451,620,619,2004,784,2070.3017.09
20461,625,034,1224,414,9220.2717.04
20471,629,084,5064,050,3840.2516.99
20481,632,783,2893,698,7830.2316.94
20491,636,143,7333,360,4440.2116.89
20501,639,176,0333,032,3000.1916.84
20511,641,888,1922,712,1590.1716.78
20521,644,282,5482,394,3560.1516.73
20531,646,355,8752,073,3270.1316.68
20541,648,101,1631,745,2880.1116.62
20551,649,513,1601,411,9970.0916.56
20561,650,592,7551,079,5950.0716.51
20571,651,342,441749,6860.0516.45
20581,651,760,133417,6920.0316.39
20591,651,843,11382,9800.0116.33
20601,651,589,528-253,585-0.0216.27
20611,651,001,679-587,849-0.0416.21
20621,650,080,986-920,693-0.0616.14
20631,648,824,112-1,256,874-0.0816.08
20641,647,226,611-1,597,501-0.1016.01
20651,645,287,234-1,939,377-0.1215.95
20661,643,009,777-2,277,457-0.1415.88
20671,640,402,427-2,607,350-0.1615.81
20681,637,474,664-2,927,763-0.1815.74
20691,634,238,372-3,236,292-0.2015.66
20701,630,705,925-3,532,447-0.2215.59
20711,626,886,097-3,819,828-0.2315.52
20721,622,790,158-4,095,939-0.2515.44
20731,618,436,680-4,353,478-0.2715.37
20741,613,847,123-4,589,557-0.2815.29
20751,609,040,631-4,806,492-0.3015.21
20761,604,031,514-5,009,117-0.3115.14
20771,598,830,751-5,200,763-0.3215.06
20781,593,450,148-5,380,603-0.3414.98
20791,587,900,578-5,549,570-0.3514.90
20801,582,193,255-5,707,323-0.3614.82
20811,576,338,459-5,854,796-0.3714.75
20821,570,348,764-5,989,695-0.3814.67
20831,564,240,054-6,108,710-0.3914.59
20841,558,029,596-6,210,458-0.4014.51
20851,551,731,747-6,297,849-0.4014.43
20861,545,358,107-6,373,640-0.4114.36
20871,538,914,873-6,443,234-0.4214.28
20881,532,403,986-6,510,887-0.4214.20
20891,525,824,204-6,579,782-0.4314.13
20901,519,176,268-6,647,936-0.4414.05
20911,512,464,720-6,711,548-0.4413.98
20921,505,697,184-6,767,536-0.4513.91
20931,498,882,983-6,814,201-0.4513.83
20941,492,031,487-6,851,496-0.4613.76
20951,485,150,516-6,880,971-0.4613.69
20961,478,245,816-6,904,700-0.4613.61
20971,471,320,763-6,925,053-0.4713.54
20981,464,376,278-6,944,485-0.4713.47
20991,457,410,912-6,965,366-0.4813.41
21001,450,420,839-6,990,073-0.4813.34

India population estimates

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
1950376,325,200--14.84
1951382,376,9486,051,7481.6114.80
1952388,799,0736,422,1251.6814.78
1953395,544,3696,745,2961.7314.77
1954402,578,5967,034,2271.7814.77
1955409,880,5957,301,9991.8114.78
1956417,442,8117,562,2161.8414.79
1957425,270,6957,827,8841.8814.80
1958433,380,9788,110,2831.9114.81
1959441,798,5788,417,6001.9414.83
1960450,547,6798,749,1011.9814.85
1961459,642,1659,094,4862.0214.87
1962469,077,1909,435,0252.0514.89
1963478,825,6089,748,4182.0814.91
1964488,848,13510,022,5272.0914.93
1965499,123,32410,275,1892.1014.95
1966509,631,50010,508,1762.1114.95
1967520,400,57610,769,0762.1114.96
1968531,513,82411,113,2482.1414.97
1969543,084,33611,570,5122.1814.98
1970555,189,79212,105,4562.2315.00
1971567,868,01812,678,2262.2815.04
1972581,087,25613,219,2382.3315.09
1973594,770,13413,682,8782.3515.14
1974608,802,60014,032,4662.3615.21
1975623,102,89714,300,2972.3515.27
1976637,630,08714,527,1902.3315.35
1977652,408,77614,778,6892.3215.43
1978667,499,80615,091,0302.3115.51
1979682,995,35415,495,5482.3215.59
1980698,952,84415,957,4902.3415.68
1981715,384,99316,432,1492.3515.77
1982732,239,50416,854,5112.3615.86
1983749,428,95817,189,4542.3515.95
1984766,833,41017,404,4522.3216.03
1985784,360,00817,526,5982.2916.10
1986801,975,24417,615,2362.2516.17
1987819,682,10217,706,8582.2116.22
1988837,468,93017,786,8282.1716.28
1989855,334,67817,865,7482.1316.33
1990873,277,79817,943,1202.1016.39
1991891,273,20917,995,4112.0616.46
1992909,307,01618,033,8072.0216.54
1993927,403,86018,096,8441.9916.62
1994945,601,83118,197,9711.9616.70
1995963,922,58818,320,7571.9416.78
1996982,365,24318,442,6551.9116.86
19971,000,900,03018,534,7871.8916.95
19981,019,483,58118,583,5511.8617.03
19991,038,058,15618,574,5751.8217.12
20001,056,575,54918,517,3931.7817.20
20011,075,000,08518,424,5361.7417.28
20021,093,317,18918,317,1041.7017.35
20031,111,523,14418,205,9551.6717.42
20041,129,623,45618,100,3121.6317.48
20051,147,609,92717,986,4711.5917.54
20061,165,486,29117,876,3641.5617.60
20071,183,209,47217,723,1811.5217.64
20081,200,669,76517,460,2931.4817.69
20091,217,726,21517,056,4501.4217.72
20101,234,281,17016,554,9551.3617.74
20111,250,287,94316,006,7731.3017.76
20121,265,780,24715,492,3041.2417.76
20131,280,842,12515,061,8781.1917.76
20141,295,600,77214,758,6471.1517.76
20151,310,152,40314,551,6311.1217.75
20161,324,517,24914,364,8461.1017.75
20171,338,676,78514,159,5361.0717.74
20181,352,642,28013,965,4951.0417.73
20191,366,417,75413,775,4741.0217.71

Census (1901-2011)

Year Population Growth
Net Changerate (%)
1901238,396,327--
1911252,093,39013,697,0635.75
1921251,321,213-772,177-0.31
1931278,977,23827,656,02511.00
1941318,660,58039,683,34214.22
1951361,088,09042,427,51013.31
1961439,234,77178,146,68121.64
1971548,159,652108,924,88124.80
1981683,329,097135,169,44524.66
1991846,421,039163,091,94223.87
20011,028,737,436182,316,39721.54
20111,210,854,977182,117,54117.70