Demographics of Thailand

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date11 Dec 2021

As of 2021, the population of Thailand is projected at 69.95 million, up by 0.22% compared with 69.80 million in 2020. Thailand is ranked 20th in terms of population and 185th in terms of population growth rate.

There are 0.69 million births in Thailand in 2021. That is 1,878 per day, which is ranked 44th. The crude birth rate is 9.8 per 1000 people. There are 0.56 million deaths in Thailand in 2021. That is 1,543 per day, which is ranked 22nd. The crude death rate is 8.06 per 1000 people.

36.25 million people are living in urban areas, which is 52.16% of Thailand population. Thailand is ranked 157th in terms of urbanization.

The Sex Ratio in Thailand in 2021 is 94.66 males per 100 females. There are 34.02 million males and 35.93 million females in Thailand. The percentage of female population is 51.37% compare to 48.63% male population. Thailand has 1.92 million more females than males. Thailand is at 40th position out of 201 countries/territories in terms of female to male ratio.

  • Population
  • Growth rate

Thailand population

Year Population Growth (%)
195020,710,353-
195523,711,1222.82
196027,397,2083
196531,822,6563.05
197036,884,5252.95
197542,326,3072.6
198047,374,4632.1
198552,026,9011.82
199056,558,1961.41
199559,467,2721.01
200062,952,6391.05
200565,416,1890.65
201067,195,0320.49
201568,714,5190.4
201668,971,3130.37
201769,209,8170.35
201869,428,4540.32
201969,625,5810.28
202069,799,9780.25
202169,950,8440.22
  • Total
  • Crude

Thailand death and birth rate

Year Total Crude(per 1000)
DeathBirthCrude deathCrude birth
1950335,294882,82815.9742.07
1955352,2661,019,70314.7942.85
1960362,3081,174,52613.1842.73
1965371,8611,332,32311.6441.71
1970372,2061,397,33510.0737.85
1975357,1301,344,8058.4431.80
1980345,7351,253,4067.2926.45
1985318,6201,153,7696.1322.13
1990321,7691,083,0545.7119.22
1995378,5781,009,7416.3416.91
2000431,680911,9786.8814.52
2005465,393841,5207.1212.87
2010483,134790,1657.1911.76
2015507,439744,3337.3910.84
2020552,230696,5267.929.99
2021563,287685,3048.069.80
  • Population
  • Urbanization

Urban and rural population of Thailand

Year Population Urbanization
UrbanRuralgrowth rate (%)Urban (%)
19503,412,89817,297,462-16.479
19554,277,63919,433,4074.6918.041
19605,389,65122,007,5244.6019.672
19656,434,87625,387,9203.6120.221
19707,704,93129,179,9824.0520.889
197510,058,13732,276,8175.2423.758
198012,695,06534,690,2584.2326.791
198514,621,26437,420,2052.7928.095
199016,648,72139,934,1002.3129.424
199518,012,03141,479,7591.5830.276
200019,759,91543,198,1062.4131.386
200524,476,53240,948,9384.1137.411
201029,475,11437,733,6943.5943.856
201532,745,68035,911,9201.9647.694
202035,698,32533,712,5431.6151.430
202136,252,08433,246,0401.5552.163
  • Population pyramid
  • Gender ratio

Thailand population by Age Group (2011)

Age group Male Female Total M per 100 F
PersonsShare (%)
00-04 1,826,986 1,721,846 3,548,832 5.07 106.106
05-09 1,949,649 1,842,751 3,792,400 5.42 105.801
10-14 2,090,094 1,971,651 4,061,745 5.81 106.007
15-19 2,209,634 2,098,625 4,308,259 6.16 105.290
20-24 2,419,934 2,323,826 4,743,760 6.78 104.136
25-29 2,451,320 2,411,664 4,862,984 6.95 101.644
30-34 2,247,861 2,249,727 4,497,588 6.43 99.917
35-39 2,312,729 2,345,690 4,658,419 6.66 98.595
40-44 2,530,323 2,663,590 5,193,913 7.43 94.997
45-49 2,652,606 2,892,266 5,544,872 7.93 91.714
50-54 2,659,317 2,950,659 5,609,976 8.02 90.126
55-59 2,440,776 2,724,787 5,165,563 7.38 89.577
60-64 2,097,159 2,396,928 4,494,087 6.42 87.494
65-69 1,570,021 1,854,407 3,424,428 4.90 84.664
70-74 1,062,721 1,329,971 2,392,692 3.42 79.906
75-79 704,029 931,171 1,635,200 2.34 75.607
80-84 449,810 649,015 1,098,825 1.57 69.307
85-89 228,559 369,510 598,069 0.85 61.855
90-94 89,363 158,699 248,062 0.35 56.310
95-99 20,937 40,579 61,516 0.09 51.596
100+ 2,974 6,680 9,654 0.01 44.521
Total 34,016,802 35,934,042 69,950,844 94.665