The population of India is projected close to 1.380 billion or 1,380 million or 138 crore people in 2020. The total population in India is estimated at 1.366 billion or 1,366 million or 136.6 crore people in 2019. There are 71.7 cr males and 66.3 cr females living in India. India is the second most populous country in the world behind China. It is now estimated that by 2027, India will most likely overtake China to become the most populous country in the world with 1.47 billion people. And by 2030, India will cross the 1.5 billion milestone. India’s population will peak in 2059 with 1.65 bn people.

India accounts for a meagre 2.4 percent of the world surface area yet it supports and sustains a whopping 17.7 percent of the world population. Since Population of India is increasing with slower rate than the world, its global share is decreasing. By 2100, 13.34% of the earth population will be in India, that is 4.42% less than the peak level of 17.76% in 2013.

Population growth rate for 2020 is projected at 0.99%, that is 117th highest among 235 countries/dependent territories. The population growth reached a peak in 1974 with an annual growth rate of 2.36%. India will add 13.6 million in 2020 that is near to the population of 74th ranked Somalia. The net increase of the population per year has peaked in 1998 with almost 18.6 million.

According to the Census of India 2011, the population of India stood at 1,210,854,977. The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 was 17.70%, 3.84% lower than 1991-2001 period. The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 has registered the sharpest decline since independence. Population of India had increased by 182.1 million during the decade 2001- 2011. The increased population during the decade 2001-2011 is approximately equal to the population of Pakistan, the sixth most populous country in the world.

Population of India, which at the turn of the twentieth century, was only around 238.4 million increased by more than five times in a period of 110 years to reach 1210 million at 2011. Population of India increased by 3.35 times since independence.

65% of the people of India lives in rural areas and 35% live in urban areas. The proportion residing in urban areas has doubled in 2020 from 17% in 1950 and is expected that half of the India population will be in urban areas by 2050.

As of 2020, Share of population in the age group 0-14 is 26.16 percent. Share of working age population (15-65 years) is 67.27 percent. 6.57% Indian has age more than 60 year.

India population projections

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
20201,380,004,38513,586,6310.9917.70
20211,393,409,03813,404,6530.9717.69
20221,406,631,77613,222,7380.9517.68
20231,419,655,80613,024,0300.9317.68
20241,432,456,47812,800,6720.9017.67
20251,445,011,62012,555,1420.8817.66
20261,457,308,85512,297,2350.8517.64
20271,469,338,56512,029,7100.8317.63
20281,481,083,33811,744,7730.8017.62
20291,492,524,28211,440,9440.7717.61
20301,503,642,32211,118,0400.7417.59
20311,514,427,16510,784,8430.7217.57
20321,524,862,01710,434,8520.6917.55
20331,534,913,98710,051,9700.6617.53
20341,544,544,3649,630,3770.6317.51
20351,553,723,8109,179,4460.5917.48
20361,562,439,2658,715,4550.5617.45
20371,570,690,4428,251,1770.5317.42
20381,578,478,1797,787,7370.5017.39
20391,585,809,3207,331,1410.4617.35
20401,592,691,5136,882,1930.4317.31
20411,599,124,1046,432,5910.4017.27
20421,605,111,2605,987,1560.3717.23
20431,610,672,8835,561,6230.3517.19
20441,615,834,9935,162,1100.3217.14
20451,620,619,2004,784,2070.3017.09
20461,625,034,1224,414,9220.2717.04
20471,629,084,5064,050,3840.2516.99
20481,632,783,2893,698,7830.2316.94
20491,636,143,7333,360,4440.2116.89
20501,639,176,0333,032,3000.1916.84
20511,641,888,1922,712,1590.1716.78
20521,644,282,5482,394,3560.1516.73
20531,646,355,8752,073,3270.1316.68
20541,648,101,1631,745,2880.1116.62
20551,649,513,1601,411,9970.0916.56
20561,650,592,7551,079,5950.0716.51
20571,651,342,441749,6860.0516.45
20581,651,760,133417,6920.0316.39
20591,651,843,11382,9800.0116.33
20601,651,589,528-253,585-0.0216.27
20611,651,001,679-587,849-0.0416.21
20621,650,080,986-920,693-0.0616.14
20631,648,824,112-1,256,874-0.0816.08
20641,647,226,611-1,597,501-0.1016.01
20651,645,287,234-1,939,377-0.1215.95
20661,643,009,777-2,277,457-0.1415.88
20671,640,402,427-2,607,350-0.1615.81
20681,637,474,664-2,927,763-0.1815.74
20691,634,238,372-3,236,292-0.2015.66
20701,630,705,925-3,532,447-0.2215.59
20711,626,886,097-3,819,828-0.2315.52
20721,622,790,158-4,095,939-0.2515.44
20731,618,436,680-4,353,478-0.2715.37
20741,613,847,123-4,589,557-0.2815.29
20751,609,040,631-4,806,492-0.3015.21
20761,604,031,514-5,009,117-0.3115.14
20771,598,830,751-5,200,763-0.3215.06
20781,593,450,148-5,380,603-0.3414.98
20791,587,900,578-5,549,570-0.3514.90
20801,582,193,255-5,707,323-0.3614.82
20811,576,338,459-5,854,796-0.3714.75
20821,570,348,764-5,989,695-0.3814.67
20831,564,240,054-6,108,710-0.3914.59
20841,558,029,596-6,210,458-0.4014.51
20851,551,731,747-6,297,849-0.4014.43
20861,545,358,107-6,373,640-0.4114.36
20871,538,914,873-6,443,234-0.4214.28
20881,532,403,986-6,510,887-0.4214.20
20891,525,824,204-6,579,782-0.4314.13
20901,519,176,268-6,647,936-0.4414.05
20911,512,464,720-6,711,548-0.4413.98
20921,505,697,184-6,767,536-0.4513.91
20931,498,882,983-6,814,201-0.4513.83
20941,492,031,487-6,851,496-0.4613.76
20951,485,150,516-6,880,971-0.4613.69
20961,478,245,816-6,904,700-0.4613.61
20971,471,320,763-6,925,053-0.4713.54
20981,464,376,278-6,944,485-0.4713.47
20991,457,410,912-6,965,366-0.4813.41
21001,450,420,839-6,990,073-0.4813.34

India population estimates

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
1950376,325,200--14.84
1951382,376,9486,051,7481.6114.80
1952388,799,0736,422,1251.6814.78
1953395,544,3696,745,2961.7314.77
1954402,578,5967,034,2271.7814.77
1955409,880,5957,301,9991.8114.78
1956417,442,8117,562,2161.8414.79
1957425,270,6957,827,8841.8814.80
1958433,380,9788,110,2831.9114.81
1959441,798,5788,417,6001.9414.83
1960450,547,6798,749,1011.9814.85
1961459,642,1659,094,4862.0214.87
1962469,077,1909,435,0252.0514.89
1963478,825,6089,748,4182.0814.91
1964488,848,13510,022,5272.0914.93
1965499,123,32410,275,1892.1014.95
1966509,631,50010,508,1762.1114.95
1967520,400,57610,769,0762.1114.96
1968531,513,82411,113,2482.1414.97
1969543,084,33611,570,5122.1814.98
1970555,189,79212,105,4562.2315.00
1971567,868,01812,678,2262.2815.04
1972581,087,25613,219,2382.3315.09
1973594,770,13413,682,8782.3515.14
1974608,802,60014,032,4662.3615.21
1975623,102,89714,300,2972.3515.27
1976637,630,08714,527,1902.3315.35
1977652,408,77614,778,6892.3215.43
1978667,499,80615,091,0302.3115.51
1979682,995,35415,495,5482.3215.59
1980698,952,84415,957,4902.3415.68
1981715,384,99316,432,1492.3515.77
1982732,239,50416,854,5112.3615.86
1983749,428,95817,189,4542.3515.95
1984766,833,41017,404,4522.3216.03
1985784,360,00817,526,5982.2916.10
1986801,975,24417,615,2362.2516.17
1987819,682,10217,706,8582.2116.22
1988837,468,93017,786,8282.1716.28
1989855,334,67817,865,7482.1316.33
1990873,277,79817,943,1202.1016.39
1991891,273,20917,995,4112.0616.46
1992909,307,01618,033,8072.0216.54
1993927,403,86018,096,8441.9916.62
1994945,601,83118,197,9711.9616.70
1995963,922,58818,320,7571.9416.78
1996982,365,24318,442,6551.9116.86
19971,000,900,03018,534,7871.8916.95
19981,019,483,58118,583,5511.8617.03
19991,038,058,15618,574,5751.8217.12
20001,056,575,54918,517,3931.7817.20
20011,075,000,08518,424,5361.7417.28
20021,093,317,18918,317,1041.7017.35
20031,111,523,14418,205,9551.6717.42
20041,129,623,45618,100,3121.6317.48
20051,147,609,92717,986,4711.5917.54
20061,165,486,29117,876,3641.5617.60
20071,183,209,47217,723,1811.5217.64
20081,200,669,76517,460,2931.4817.69
20091,217,726,21517,056,4501.4217.72
20101,234,281,17016,554,9551.3617.74
20111,250,287,94316,006,7731.3017.76
20121,265,780,24715,492,3041.2417.76
20131,280,842,12515,061,8781.1917.76
20141,295,600,77214,758,6471.1517.76
20151,310,152,40314,551,6311.1217.75
20161,324,517,24914,364,8461.1017.75
20171,338,676,78514,159,5361.0717.74
20181,352,642,28013,965,4951.0417.73
20191,366,417,75413,775,4741.0217.71

India population in 5 year Age Group in 2020

Age group Male Female Total
PersonsShare (%)
00-04 61,228,414 55,651,093 116,879,507 8.47
05-09 61,877,169 56,104,958 117,982,127 8.55
10-14 66,302,628 59,853,324 126,155,952 9.14
15-19 66,670,855 59,374,711 126,045,566 9.13
20-24 64,865,811 57,638,993 122,504,804 8.88
25-29 62,039,339 55,357,930 117,397,269 8.51
30-34 58,874,888 53,301,210 112,176,098 8.13
35-39 53,993,918 49,466,260 103,460,178 7.50
40-44 46,631,243 43,588,651 90,219,894 6.54
45-49 40,756,605 38,683,675 79,440,280 5.76
50-54 35,202,663 33,673,299 68,875,962 4.99
55-59 30,150,272 29,105,996 59,256,268 4.29
60-64 24,694,672 24,195,856 48,890,528 3.54
65-69 19,168,129 19,092,154 38,260,283 2.77
70-74 11,627,908 12,463,535 24,091,443 1.75
75-79 7,062,999 8,020,956 15,083,955 1.09
80-84 3,831,463 4,657,548 8,489,011 0.62
85-89 1,575,584 1,955,555 3,531,139 0.26
90-94 437,188 555,797 992,985 0.07
95-99 91,981 131,216 223,197 0.02
100+ 17,241 30,698 47,939 0.00
Total 717,100,970 662,903,415 1,380,004,385

Census (1901-2011)

Year Population Growth
Net Changerate (%)
1901238,396,327--
1911252,093,39013,697,0635.75
1921251,321,213-772,177-0.31
1931278,977,23827,656,02511.00
1941318,660,58039,683,34214.22
1951361,088,09042,427,51013.31
1961439,234,77178,146,68121.64
1971548,159,652108,924,88124.80
1981683,329,097135,169,44524.66
1991846,421,039163,091,94223.87
20011,028,737,436182,316,39721.54
20111,210,854,977182,117,54117.70