India vs China by population

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date23 Jun 2020

China and India are the two most populous countries in the world, with China home to about 1.44 billion people and India to 1.38 billion in 2020. China and India together account for about 36% of total world population and 67% of Asia population.

As of 2020, population of China is 59 million more than India. Due to higher population growth rate of India, margin between these two country is coming down quickly. And by 2027, India will have more people than China with approximately 1.47 billion people. Currently, China's population growth rate is only 0.39%, while India's population is growing at 0.99%. China had crossed one billion milestone in 1980 and India in 1997. Population of China and India will peak in 2031 and 2059, respectively.

India will surpass China mostly due to lower fertility rate of China. As of period 2015-20, India's fertility rate is 2.24 compare to 1.69 of China. In period 1965-70, China has higher fertility rate. Since then, China saw rapid decline as one-child policy was implemented in 1979. While figure of India is declining at slow rate.

With median age of 28.43, India is 10 year more younger than China having half of the population below 38.42 years. For the group aged below 29, China population is roughly 72% of India. But for age over 30 year, China has 40% more people than India.

Both countries have higher male population compare to female. With 108.18 males per 100 female, sex ratio of India is slightly higher than of China's 105.32. India is more than three times more dense than China as population density of India is 464 person per square km compare to 153 of China.

Population

Year PopulationGrowth (%)
ChinaIndiaIndia-ChinaChinaIndia
1950554,419,273376,325,200-178,094,073--
1955612,241,554409,880,595-202,360,9591.521.81
1960660,408,056450,547,679-209,860,3771.571.98
1965724,218,968499,123,324-225,095,6442.252.10
1970827,601,394555,189,792-272,411,6022.682.23
1975926,240,885623,102,897-303,137,9881.962.35
19801,000,089,235698,952,844-301,136,3911.422.34
19851,075,589,361784,360,008-291,229,3531.652.29
19901,176,883,674873,277,798-303,605,8761.602.10
19951,240,920,535963,922,588-276,997,9470.891.94
20001,290,550,7651,056,575,549-233,975,2160.711.78
20051,330,776,3801,147,609,927-183,166,4530.581.59
20101,368,810,6151,234,281,170-134,529,4450.561.36
20151,406,847,8701,310,152,403-96,695,4670.531.12
20161,414,049,3511,324,517,249-89,532,1020.511.10
20171,421,021,7911,338,676,785-82,345,0060.491.07
20181,427,647,7861,352,642,280-75,005,5060.471.04
20191,433,783,6861,366,417,754-67,365,9320.431.02
20201,439,323,7761,380,004,385-59,319,3910.390.99
20211,444,216,1071,393,409,038-50,807,0690.340.97
20221,448,471,4001,406,631,776-41,839,6240.290.95
20231,452,127,6681,419,655,806-32,471,8620.250.93
20241,455,254,8701,432,456,478-22,798,3920.220.90
20251,457,908,2491,445,011,620-12,896,6290.180.88
20261,460,092,2451,457,308,855-2,783,3900.150.85
20271,461,797,6381,469,338,5657,540,9270.120.83
20281,463,052,8501,481,083,33818,030,4880.090.80
20291,463,891,3361,492,524,28228,632,9460.060.77
20301,464,340,1591,503,642,32239,302,1630.030.74
20351,461,083,0291,553,723,81092,640,781-0.090.59
20401,449,031,4231,592,691,513143,660,090-0.210.43
20451,429,312,2481,620,619,200191,306,952-0.320.30
20501,402,405,1701,639,176,033236,770,863-0.420.19
20551,369,594,1441,649,513,160279,919,016-0.500.09
20601,333,030,6311,651,589,528318,558,897-0.56-0.02
20651,295,284,5711,645,287,234350,002,663-0.58-0.12
20701,258,054,2261,630,705,925372,651,699-0.58-0.22
20751,221,580,1511,609,040,631387,460,480-0.59-0.30
20801,185,891,3011,582,193,255396,301,954-0.59-0.36
20851,151,799,2021,551,731,747399,932,545-0.57-0.40
20901,120,466,9321,519,176,268398,709,336-0.53-0.44
20951,092,115,2051,485,150,516393,035,311-0.50-0.46
21001,064,993,4591,450,420,839385,427,380-0.51-0.48

Age Group

Age Group China India China-India
00-0483,932,437116,879,507-32,947,070
05-0986,735,183117,982,127-31,246,944
10-1484,262,751126,155,952-41,893,201
15-1982,341,859126,045,566-43,703,707
20-2487,158,167122,504,804-35,346,637
25-2997,989,003117,397,269-19,408,266
30-34128,738,970112,176,09816,562,872
35-39100,091,455103,460,178-3,368,723
40-4496,274,14690,219,8946,054,252
45-49119,837,61779,440,28040,397,337
50-54123,445,38268,875,96254,569,420
55-5998,740,49159,256,26839,484,223
60-6477,514,13948,890,52828,623,611
65-6974,149,76638,260,28335,889,483
70-7444,949,68924,091,44320,858,246
75-7926,544,61615,083,95511,460,661
80-8416,181,4178,489,0117,692,406
85-897,581,7773,531,1394,050,638
90-942,305,024992,9851,312,039
95-99475,193223,197251,996
100+74,69247,93926,753
Total 1,439,323,774 1,380,004,385 59,319,389

Fertility rate

Period China India
1950-556.115.90
1955-605.485.90
1960-656.155.89
1965-706.305.72
1970-754.855.41
1975-803.014.97
1980-852.524.68
1985-902.734.27
1990-951.833.83
1995-001.623.48
2000-051.613.14
2005-101.622.80
2010-151.642.40
2015-201.692.24