Demographics of Afghanistan

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date18 Nov 2021

As of 2021, the population of Afghanistan is projected at 39.84 million, up by 2.33% compared with 38.93 million in 2020. Afghanistan is ranked 37th in terms of population and 41st in terms of population growth rate.

There are 1.22 million births in Afghansitan in 2021. That is 3340 per day, which is ranked 23rd. The crude birth rate is 30.53 per 1000 people. There are 0.24 million deaths in Afghanistan in 2021. That is 661 per day, which is ranked 42nd. The crude death rate is 6.04 per 1000 people.

10.24 million people are living in urban areas, which is 26.31% of Afghanistan population. Afghanistan is ranked 209th in terms of urbanization.

The Sex Ratio in Afghanistan in 2021 is 105.33 males per 100 females. There are 20.43 million males and 19.4 million females in Afghanistan. The percentage of female population is 48.7% compare to 51.3% male population. Afghanistan has 1.03 million more males than females. Afghanistan is at 184th position out of 201 countries/territories in terms of female to male ratio.

  • Population
  • Growth rate

Afghanistan population

Year Population Growth (%)
19507,752,117-
19558,270,9921.47
19608,996,9671.85
19659,956,3182.17
197011,173,6542.57
197512,689,1642.23
198013,356,500-0.41
198511,938,204-2.18
199012,412,3114.58
199518,110,6626.06
200020,779,9573.02
200525,654,2743.75
201029,185,5112.78
201534,413,6033.12
201635,383,0282.82
201736,296,1112.58
201837,171,9222.41
201938,041,7572.34
202038,928,3412.33
202139,835,4282.33
  • Total
  • Crude

Afghanistan death and birth rate

Year Total Crude(per 1000)
DeathBirthCrude deathCrude birth
1950298,139390,64738.1749.99
1955292,446420,07435.2650.69
1960290,719462,43032.2251.28
1965294,705515,36829.5051.63
1970302,495579,45326.8851.50
1975303,517642,15224.0950.93
1980273,749651,48221.1150.32
1985219,823604,43918.0049.73
1990203,109652,55315.2448.88
1995230,071846,13713.2848.84
2000250,5411,024,42911.7248.02
2005253,1031,131,21810.0044.72
2010244,0881,177,5888.2539.83
2015237,5031,192,1756.9334.81
2020240,2661,215,6286.1631.15
2021241,2111,219,2506.0430.53
  • Population
  • Urbanization

Urban and rural population of Afghanistan

Year Population Urbanization
UrbanRuralgrowth rate (%)Urban (%)
1950465,1277,286,990-6.00
1955587,8187,682,7604.957.10
1960755,7978,240,5505.288.40
1965984,3508,954,0605.529.90
19701,295,4339,830,6905.8511.64
19751,717,42210,872,8605.4413.64
19802,119,07811,129,2903.1315.99
19852,238,4689,544,5801.1818.99
19902,593,9479,655,1604.4421.17
19953,697,57013,401,9706.1721.62
20004,436,28215,657,4703.9922.08
20055,691,83619,378,9604.8822.70
20106,836,98021,966,1803.7723.74
20158,367,57125,368,9203.8924.80
20209,904,33728,150,6003.3626.03
202110,239,68428,674,0203.3926.31
  • Population pyramid
  • Gender ratio

Afghanistan population by Age Group (2011)

Age group Male Female Total M per 100 F
PersonsShare (%)
00-04 2,932,252 2,792,395 5,724,647 14.37 105.008
05-09 2,790,513 2,653,944 5,444,457 13.67 105.146
10-14 2,678,248 2,564,119 5,242,367 13.16 104.451
15-19 2,428,348 2,301,586 4,729,934 11.87 105.508
20-24 2,082,113 1,972,986 4,055,099 10.18 105.531
25-29 1,677,507 1,570,407 3,247,914 8.15 106.820
30-34 1,346,716 1,226,628 2,573,344 6.46 109.790
35-39 1,104,444 1,020,048 2,124,492 5.33 108.274
40-44 901,264 824,061 1,725,325 4.33 109.369
45-49 705,742 651,961 1,357,703 3.41 108.249
50-54 548,296 520,915 1,069,211 2.68 105.256
55-59 425,454 410,497 835,951 2.10 103.644
60-64 315,982 317,618 633,600 1.59 99.485
65-69 222,747 234,918 457,665 1.15 94.819
70-74 145,166 175,820 320,986 0.81 82.565
75-79 80,628 97,768 178,396 0.45 82.469
80-84 35,464 44,737 80,201 0.20 79.272
85-89 11,382 15,822 27,204 0.07 71.938
90-94 2,433 3,696 6,129 0.02 65.828
95-99 270 491 761 0.00 54.990
100+ 12 30 42 0.00 40.000
Total 20,434,981 19,400,447 39,835,428 105.333