List of Asian countries by population

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date10 Oct 2021

China is the most populous country in Asia, followed by India. The other five countries with a total number of humans above 100 mn are Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Japan, and the Philippines. The top five countries together hold a huge 75% share of the Asia population. As of 2021, 28 countries have a population above 10 million. The least populous country in Asia is Brunei Darussalam. Four countries/dependent territories in Asia have a population below one million.

Five Asian countries are in the list of the top ten most populous countries globally as it hosts China and India, the world's top two most populous countries. The other three Asian countries in the top ten are Indonesia, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Twenty countries are within the top 50 world population ranking.

Out of 51 countries/territories, the population of 48 would increase, and three countries would decrease in 2021 compared to 2020. India would be the top contributor to the total population increment in 2021. India accounts for 34.7 percent of the total population increase in Asia. Indian population would increase by 13.40 million, followed by China (4.9 mn) and Pakistan(4.3 mn). Seven countries will add at least ten mn humans in 2021. The three decliners would be Japan, Lebanon, and Georgia.

The Syrian Arab Republic would have the highest population growth rate of 4.43% in 2021. Syria is the only country in Asia with having growth rate above 3%. Eight countries have a growth rate above 2%. Nine countries are on the list of the world's top 50 fastest-growing nations.

By 2027, India will have more people than China and will remain the most populous country on the continent until 2100.

In 1950 and 2000, Qatar and the Maldives were the least populous country in Asia, resp. Now Brunei Darussalam will remain the least populous country until 2100.

  • Population
  • Growth rate (%)
  • Choropleth Map
  • Bubble Map

Population (UN)

Code Country/Region Population Share (%) Rank Growth (2021) Growth Rank
20202021 AsiaWorldAsiaWorldNet%AsiaWorld
ARMArmenia2,963,2342,968,1280.06340.0377431384,8940.1746188
AZEAzerbaijan10,139,17510,223,3440.2180.130288984,1690.8335126
BHRBahrain1,701,5831,748,2950.03740.02224515246,7122.75217
CYPCyprus1,207,3611,215,5880.02600.0154471588,2270.6839143
GEOGeorgia3,989,1753,979,7730.08500.050541132-9,402-0.2449215
IRQIraq40,222,50341,179,3510.8800.5231436956,8482.38339
ISRIsrael8,655,5418,789,7760.1880.1123199134,2351.551568
JORJordan10,203,14010,269,0220.2190.130278865,8820.6540146
KWTKuwait4,270,5634,328,5530.09250.05504012957,9901.362282
LBNLebanon6,825,4426,769,1510.1450.086034109-56,291-0.8251231
OMNOman5,106,6225,223,3760.1120.066338120116,7542.29642
QATQatar2,881,0602,930,5240.06260.03724413949,4641.721261
SAUSaudi Arabia34,813,86735,340,6800.7550.4491641526,8131.511671
PSEState of Palestine5,101,4165,222,7560.1120.066339121121,3402.38440
SYRSyrian Arab Republic17,500,65718,275,7040.3910.2322566775,0474.4311
TURTurkey84,339,06785,042,7361.821.08917703,6690.8334125
AREUnited Arab Emirates9,890,4009,991,0830.2140.1272993100,6831.0229107
YEMYemen29,825,96830,490,6390.6520.3871948664,6712.23744
KAZKazakhstan18,776,70718,994,9580.4060.2412464218,2511.162698
KGZKyrgyzstan6,524,1916,628,3470.1420.084235111104,1561.601365
TJKTajikistan9,537,6429,749,6250.2080.1243094211,9832.22845
TKMTurkmenistan6,031,1876,117,9330.1310.07773611386,7461.441773
UZBUzbekistan33,469,19933,935,7650.7250.4311742466,5661.391977
AFGAfghanistan38,928,34139,835,4280.8510.5061537907,0872.33541
BGDBangladesh164,689,383166,303,4943.552.11581,614,1110.9830110
BTNBhutan771,612779,9000.01670.00990481658,2881.0727101
INDIndia1,380,004,3851,393,409,03329.817.72213,404,6480.9731112
IRNIran (Islamic Republic of)83,992,95385,028,7601.821.0810181,035,8071.232591
MDVMaldives540,542543,6200.01160.00690501733,0780.5741154
NPLNepal29,136,80829,674,9200.6340.3772049538,1121.851157
PAKPakistan220,892,331225,199,9294.812.86454,307,5981.95949
LKASri Lanka21,413,25021,497,3060.4590.273235884,0560.3943169
CHNChina1,439,323,7741,444,216,10230.918.3114,892,3280.3444175
HKGChina, Hong Kong SAR7,496,9887,552,8000.1610.09593210455,8120.7437136
MACChina, Macao SAR649,342658,3910.01410.00836491679,0491.392078
TWNChina, Taiwan Province of China23,816,77523,855,0080.5100.303225738,2330.1647189
PRKDem. People's Republic of Korea25,778,81525,887,0450.5530.3292154108,2300.4242164
JPNJapan126,476,458126,050,7962.691.60611-425,662-0.3450221
MNGMongolia3,278,2923,329,2820.07110.04234213550,9901.561466
KORRepublic of Korea51,269,18351,305,1841.100.651132836,0010.0748196
BRNBrunei Darussalam437,483441,5320.009440.00561511754,0490.9332116
KHMCambodia16,718,97116,946,4460.3620.2152671227,4751.362181
IDNIndonesia273,523,621276,361,7885.913.51342,838,1671.0428105
LAOLao People's Democratic Republic7,275,5567,379,3580.1580.093733105103,8021.431875
MYSMalaysia32,365,99832,776,1950.7000.4161845410,1971.272488
MMRMyanmar54,409,79454,806,0141.170.6961227396,2200.7338137
PHLPhilippines109,581,085111,046,9102.371.417131,465,8251.342383
SGPSingapore5,850,3435,896,6840.1260.07493711446,3410.7936133
THAThailand69,799,97869,950,8441.490.8881120150,8660.2245185
TLSTimor-Leste1,318,4421,343,8750.02870.01714615525,4331.931051
VNMViet Nam97,338,58398,168,8292.101.25815830,2460.8533124
Asia 4,641,054,786 4,679,660,580 59.42 38,605,794 0.83

Projected population (UN)

Code Country/Region 1950 2000 2050 2100
PopulationRankPopulationRankPopulation RankPopulationRank
ARMArmenia1,353,502333,069,597402,816,114442,038,61346
AZEAzerbaijan2,927,926288,122,7432711,064,995309,192,14133
BHRBahrain115,61247664,610462,316,047452,251,89145
CYPCyprus494,01840943,288441,354,589471,308,91147
GEOGeorgia3,527,008254,362,184353,516,870432,514,13043
IRQIraq5,719,1832223,497,5891670,940,13111107,711,2737
ISRIsrael1,257,968355,945,9493012,720,4152918,127,52326
JORJordan481,319415,122,4953212,932,4042813,644,11029
KWTKuwait153,103462,045,123435,393,471406,188,98338
LBNLebanon1,334,617343,842,774376,528,162385,707,20940
OMNOman456,410422,267,973426,915,451377,267,89337
QATQatar25,00651592,467473,851,121424,162,40842
SAUSaudi Arabia3,121,3402720,663,8402144,562,4841742,231,01217
PSEState of Palestine931,925383,224,009388,815,7773412,268,21831
SYRSyrian Arab Republic3,413,3252616,410,8472433,129,3252136,103,17819
TURTurkey21,408,398863,240,1961097,139,5651086,170,46210
AREUnited Arab Emirates69,594493,134,0673910,425,2843112,909,86930
YEMYemen4,661,2792317,409,0712348,080,0121553,171,32014
KAZKazakhstan6,703,0001914,922,7242524,024,0362327,917,81521
KGZKyrgyzstan1,740,005304,920,712339,126,0983310,984,93832
TJKTajikistan1,531,507326,216,3292916,208,2462725,328,02622
TKMTurkmenistan1,210,998364,516,128347,949,276368,421,34935
UZBUzbekistan6,264,0582024,769,9551442,942,4891842,270,84216
AFGAfghanistan7,752,1171720,779,9572064,682,9761374,937,96112
BGDBangladesh37,894,6715127,657,8625192,567,7795151,393,0185
BTNBhutan176,79645591,01448904,61448686,28749
INDIndia376,325,20021,056,575,54821,639,176,03611,447,025,6121
IRNIran (Islamic Republic of)17,119,2621365,623,3979103,098,083998,587,9858
MDVMaldives73,71648279,39651586,10250490,05850
NPLNepal8,483,3221523,941,0991535,323,9252023,708,19323
PAKPakistan37,542,3706142,343,5834338,013,1943403,102,8273
LKASri Lanka7,971,0981618,777,6062221,813,9642615,275,20928
CHNChina554,419,26911,290,550,76711,402,405,16721,064,993,4572
HKGChina, Hong Kong SAR1,974,002296,606,328288,041,042357,647,23136
MACChina, Macao SAR196,47344427,77249838,377491,011,61748
TWNChina, Taiwan Province of China7,602,3551821,966,5281922,412,9792416,258,85727
PRKDem. People's Republic of Korea10,549,4701422,929,0781826,561,6142222,792,83324
JPNJapan82,802,0843127,524,1686105,804,023874,959,37811
MNGMongolia780,199392,397,417414,448,931415,387,20841
KORRepublic of Korea19,211,3871047,379,2371246,829,9241629,541,95320
BRNBrunei Darussalam48,00950333,16650492,39151389,88451
KHMCambodia4,432,7242412,155,2412621,860,9172521,355,01125
IDNIndonesia69,543,3214211,513,8223330,904,6724320,782,4264
LAOLao People's Democratic Republic1,682,915315,323,701319,479,753328,423,97834
MYSMalaysia6,109,9022123,194,2521740,550,3711940,078,16718
MMRMyanmar17,779,6351246,719,6981362,253,4231455,298,92913
PHLPhilippines18,580,4831177,991,7578144,488,1716146,327,4416
SGPSingapore1,022,095374,028,872366,407,528395,733,47739
THAThailand20,710,353962,952,6391165,940,4941246,015,55315
TLSTimor-Leste414,75443884,366452,019,297462,372,97044
VNMViet Nam24,809,909779,910,4117109,605,010797,437,2869