Demographics of Estonia

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date30 Oct 2021

As of 2021, the population of Estonia is projected at 1.325 million, down by 0.1% compared with 1.327 million in 2020. Estonia is ranked 156th in terms of population and 208th in terms of population growth rate.

There are 13.26 thousand births in Estonia in 2021. That is 36 per day, which is ranked 162nd. The crude birth rate is 10.05 per 1000 people. There are 15.78 thousand deaths in Estonia in 2021. That is 43 per day, which is ranked 147th. The crude death rate is 11.96 per 1000 people.

0.9 million people are living in urban areas, which is 69.42% of Estonia population. Estonia is ranked 101st in terms of urbanization.

The Sex Ratio in Estonia in 2021 is 90.32 males per 100 females. There are 0.63 million males and 0.70 million females in Estonia. The percentage of female population is 52.54% compare to 47.46% male population. Estonia has 67.42 thousand more females than males. Estonia is at 16th position out of 201 countries/territories in terms of female to male ratio.

  • Population
  • Growth rate

Estonia population

Year Population Growth (%)
19501,100,997-
19551,159,2330.96
19601,216,8201.06
19651,290,4061.17
19701,360,2060.99
19751,422,0520.82
19801,474,4380.68
19851,522,4050.74
19901,565,246-0.3
19951,433,026-1.65
20001,399,111-0.33
20051,355,650-0.58
20101,332,103-0.3
20151,315,330-0.07
20161,316,5070.09
20171,319,3890.22
20181,322,9130.27
20191,325,6490.21
20201,326,5390.07
20211,325,188-0.1
  • Total
  • Crude

Estonia death and birth rate

Year Total Crude(per 1000)
DeathBirthCrude deathCrude birth
195015,70418,69414.1416.89
195514,08019,58412.1616.90
196013,31219,59210.9116.07
196513,68419,54710.6115.16
197014,79820,89510.8915.36
197516,55121,89711.6415.42
198018,13522,34712.3015.15
198518,50824,15612.1115.81
199019,88220,83713.0013.59
199520,42314,29514.019.80
200018,92312,68813.599.12
200517,80414,53313.1010.70
201016,25615,07512.2111.31
201515,24013,92211.5410.54
202015,65313,40211.8610.15
202115,78413,25811.9610.05
  • Population
  • Urbanization

Urban and rural population of Estonia

Year Population Urbanization
UrbanRuralgrowth rate (%)Urban (%)
1950546,864554,131-49.670
1955621,619537,6122.4753.623
1960700,072516,7472.4457.533
1965791,637498,7592.4361.348
1970883,407476,7952.0064.947
1975961,150460,8921.6067.589
19801,027,844446,5920.9969.711
19851,077,351445,0461.0470.767
19901,114,930450,312-0.5671.231
19951,007,415425,609-1.9170.300
2000970,541428,571-0.5869.368
2005931,800423,848-0.7668.735
2010907,079425,023-0.4768.094
2015899,890415,431-0.0268.416
2020900,365400,1940.0169.229
2021900,342396,696-0.0069.415
  • Population pyramid
  • Gender ratio

Estonia population by Age Group (2011)

Age group Male Female Total M per 100 F
PersonsShare (%)
00-04 35,717 32,893 68,610 5.18 108.585
05-09 37,640 35,965 73,605 5.55 104.657
10-14 39,254 37,011 76,265 5.76 106.060
15-19 33,376 31,497 64,873 4.90 105.966
20-24 28,378 27,503 55,881 4.22 103.181
25-29 42,951 38,670 81,621 6.16 111.071
30-34 53,448 47,428 100,876 7.61 112.693
35-39 48,755 45,358 94,113 7.10 107.489
40-44 45,282 42,553 87,835 6.63 106.413
45-49 49,358 47,410 96,768 7.30 104.109
50-54 38,586 39,624 78,210 5.90 97.380
55-59 41,064 45,064 86,128 6.50 91.124
60-64 38,773 46,568 85,341 6.44 83.261
65-69 35,202 49,929 85,131 6.42 70.504
70-74 21,848 34,281 56,129 4.24 63.732
75-79 17,585 34,422 52,007 3.92 51.087
80-84 12,658 31,218 43,876 3.31 40.547
85-89 6,229 18,436 24,665 1.86 33.787
90-94 2,363 8,472 10,835 0.82 27.892
95-99 399 1,871 2,270 0.17 21.325
100+ 19 130 149 0.01 14.615
Total 628,885 696,303 1,325,188 90.318