Demographics of Eswatini

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date30 Oct 2021

As of 2021, the population of Eswatini is projected at 1.17 million, up by 1.05% compared with 1.16 million in 2020. Eswatini is ranked 159th in terms of population and 104th in terms of population growth rate.

There are 29.21 thousand births in Eswatini in 2021. That is 80 per day, which is ranked 147th. The crude birth rate is 24.92 per 1000 people. There are 10.34 thousand deaths in Eswatini in 2021. That is 28 per day, which is ranked 155th. The crude death rate is 8.8 per 1000 people.

0.36 million people are living in urban areas, which is 24.37% of Eswatini population. Eswatini is ranked 90th in terms of urbanization.

The Sex Ratio in Eswatini in 2021 is 97.03 males per 100 females. There are 0.58 million males and 0.60 million females in Eswatini. The percentage of female population is 50.75% compare to 49.25% male population. Eswatini has 17.67 thousand more females than males. Eswatini is at 65th position out of 201 countries/territories in terms of female to male ratio.

  • Population
  • Growth rate

Eswatini population

Year Population Growth (%)
1950272,997-
1955303,0272.05
1960336,5782.07
1965373,9252.41
1970431,2512.99
1975499,7593.1
1980587,8523.44
1985699,0773.53
1990822,4233
1995926,8362.12
20001,005,4321.14
20051,030,5750.42
20101,064,8410.7
20151,104,0380.82
20161,113,9940.9
20171,124,8080.97
20181,136,2741.02
20191,148,1331.04
20201,160,1641.05
20211,172,3691.05
  • Total
  • Crude

Eswatini death and birth rate

Year Total Crude(per 1000)
DeathBirthCrude deathCrude birth
19506,64213,39624.0448.48
19556,77814,44722.3347.65
19606,98215,97920.7447.52
19657,29718,19419.3448.30
19707,56121,58117.4949.96
19757,49325,25614.9150.35
19807,10329,18112.0149.28
19856,39931,3329.1544.80
19906,20831,9817.5938.95
19958,75332,4619.4335.08
200014,84332,24414.8832.32
200519,20933,13918.5932.02
201017,27432,34716.2330.39
201512,41830,53111.2327.58
202010,32329,4678.8825.40
202110,33829,2078.8024.92
  • Population
  • Urbanization

Urban and rural population of Eswatini

Year Population Urbanization
UrbanRuralgrowth rate (%)Urban (%)
19506,006266,997-2.200
19557,761299,4655.462.526
196013,664335,51013.583.913
196525,428366,11813.146.494
197043,260402,46910.849.705
197572,406444,61810.7714.004
198099,425503,9475.2616.478
1985128,791576,2945.8318.266
1990174,011687,3625.5320.202
1995214,125746,6674.0222.286
2000240,805820,6630.9322.686
2005243,713862,1600.4022.038
2010270,400932,4432.8822.480
2015307,3301,011,6812.5123.300
2020347,8951,091,4002.4924.171
2021356,5111,106,4432.4824.369
  • Population pyramid
  • Gender ratio

Eswatini population by Age Group (2011)

Age group Male Female Total M per 100 F
PersonsShare (%)
00-04 73,069 71,638 144,707 12.34 101.998
05-09 71,315 70,126 141,441 12.06 101.696
10-14 73,796 73,280 147,076 12.55 100.704
15-19 65,908 64,912 130,820 11.16 101.534
20-24 58,838 54,366 113,204 9.66 108.226
25-29 53,137 48,432 101,569 8.66 109.715
30-34 39,885 44,602 84,487 7.21 89.424
35-39 34,600 44,912 79,512 6.78 77.040
40-44 27,358 35,608 62,966 5.37 76.831
45-49 22,321 23,884 46,205 3.94 93.456
50-54 17,299 13,952 31,251 2.67 123.989
55-59 12,479 10,104 22,583 1.93 123.506
60-64 10,012 9,498 19,510 1.66 105.412
65-69 7,519 9,296 16,815 1.43 80.884
70-74 5,148 8,403 13,551 1.16 61.264
75-79 2,982 6,209 9,191 0.78 48.027
80-84 1,267 3,784 5,051 0.43 33.483
85-89 355 1,587 1,942 0.17 22.369
90-94 56 381 437 0.04 14.698
95-99 5 43 48 0.00 11.628
100+ 0 3 3 0.00 0.000
Total 577,349 595,020 1,172,369 97.030