List of African countries by population

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date10 Oct 2021

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, followed by Ethiopia and Egypt. These three countries have a total number of humans above 100 mn. The top ten countries together hold a 61% share of the Africa population. As of 2021, 32 countries have a population above 10 million. The least populous country in Africa is Seychelles. Saint Helena is the least populous region in Africa. Eight countries/dependent territories in Africa have a population below one million.

Only one African country is in the list of the top ten most populous countries globally as it hosts Nigeria, the world's 7th most populous country. Fourteen countries are within the top 50 world population ranking.

Out of 58 countries/territories, None of the countries would see a population decrease in 2021 compared to 2020. Nigeria would be the top contributor to the total population increment in 2021. Nigeria accounts for 16 percent of the total population increase in Africa. Nigeria's population would increase by 5.26 million, followed by Ethiopia (2.9 mn) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2.8 mn). Nine countries will add at least one mn humans in 2021.

Niger would have the highest population growth rate of 3.82% in 2021. Six countries in Africa have a growth rate above 3%. Eight countries have a growth rate above 2%. Nine countries are on the list of the world's top 10 fastest-growing nations. Only six countries have a growth rate below 1%.

DR Congo, which is currently at 3rd position, will surpass Egypt by 2050 and Ethiopia by 2100 to become the 2nd most populous country in Africa.

In 1950, Western Sahara was the least populous country in Africa. Now Seychelles will remain the least populous country until 2100.

  • Population
  • Growth rate (%)
  • Choropleth Map
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Population (UN)

Code Country/Region Population Share (%) Rank Growth (2021) Growth Rank
20202021 AfricaWorldAfricaWorldNet%AfricaWorld
BDIBurundi11,890,78112,255,4290.8920.1563078364,6483.0756
COMComoros869,595888,4560.06470.01135216318,8612.173546
DJIDjibouti988,0021,002,1970.07300.01275016014,1951.444774
ERIEritrea3,546,4273,601,4620.2620.04574013355,0351.554567
ETHEthiopia114,963,583117,876,2268.581.502122,912,6432.532427
KENKenya53,771,30054,985,7024.000.6987261,214,4022.263443
MDGMadagascar27,691,01928,427,3332.070.3611551736,3142.662022
MWIMalawi19,129,95519,647,6811.430.2492161517,7262.711618
MUSMauritius1,271,7671,273,4280.09270.0162481571,6610.1358193
MYTMayotte272,813279,5070.02040.00355551866,6942.452731
MOZMozambique31,255,43532,163,0452.340.4081346907,6102.901314
REURéunion895,308901,6960.06570.0115511626,3880.7155140
RWARwanda12,952,20913,276,5170.9670.1692876324,3082.502629
SYCSeychelles98,34098,9100.007200.00126572005700.5856152
SOMSomalia15,893,21916,359,5001.190.2082573466,2812.931011
SSDSouth Sudan11,193,72911,381,3770.8290.1453283187,6481.684462
UGAUganda45,741,00047,123,5333.430.5988301,382,5333.0267
TZAUnited Republic of Tanzania59,734,21361,498,4384.480.7815231,764,2252.95910
ZMBZambia18,383,95618,920,6571.380.2402265536,7012.921112
ZWEZimbabwe14,862,92715,092,1711.100.1922674229,2441.544670
AGOAngola32,866,26833,933,6112.470.43112431,067,3433.2534
CMRCameroon26,545,86427,224,2621.980.3461652678,3982.562225
CAFCentral African Republic4,829,7644,919,9870.3580.06253812590,2231.874155
TCDChad16,425,85916,914,9851.230.2152472489,1262.9889
COGCongo5,518,0925,657,0170.4120.071836116138,9252.522528
CODDemocratic Republic of the Congo89,561,40492,377,9866.731.174162,816,5823.1445
GNQEquatorial Guinea1,402,9851,449,8910.1060.01844715346,9063.3423
GABGabon2,225,7282,278,8290.1660.02894414653,1012.393337
STPSao Tome and Principe219,161223,3640.01630.00284561874,2031.923953
BWABotswana2,351,6252,397,2400.1750.03044314545,6151.943850
SWZEswatini1,160,1641,172,3690.08540.01494915912,2051.0552104
LSOLesotho2,142,2522,159,0670.1570.02744514716,8150.7854134
NAMNamibia2,540,9162,587,3440.1880.03294114346,4281.834259
ZAFSouth Africa59,308,69060,041,9964.370.762625733,3061.244990
BENBenin12,123,19812,451,0310.9070.1582977327,8332.701719
BFABurkina Faso20,903,27821,497,0971.570.2731959593,8192.841415
CPVCabo Verde555,988561,9010.04090.00714541725,9131.0651103
CIVCôte d'Ivoire26,378,27527,053,6291.970.3441753675,3542.562124
GMBGambia2,416,6642,486,9370.1810.03164214470,2732.911213
GHAGhana31,072,94531,732,1282.310.4031447659,1832.123647
GINGuinea13,132,79213,497,2370.9830.1712775364,4452.781516
GNBGuinea-Bissau1,967,9982,015,4900.1470.02564615047,4922.413135
LBRLiberia5,057,6775,180,2080.3770.065837122122,5312.422933
MLIMali20,250,83420,855,7241.520.2652060604,8902.9978
MRTMauritania4,649,6604,775,1100.3480.060639127125,4502.701921
NERNiger24,206,63625,130,8101.830.3191856924,1743.8212
NGANigeria206,139,587211,400,70415.42.68175,261,1172.552326
SHNSaint Helena6,0716,0950.000440.0000858229240.4057168
SENSenegal16,743,93017,196,3081.250.2182369452,3782.701820
SLESierra Leone7,976,9858,141,3430.5930.10334103164,3582.063748
TGOTogo8,278,7378,478,2420.6170.10833102199,5052.413236
DZAAlgeria43,851,04344,616,6263.250.5671034765,5831.754360
EGYEgypt102,334,403104,258,3277.591.323141,923,9241.884054
LBYLibya6,871,2876,958,5380.5070.08843510787,2511.274887
MARMorocco36,910,55837,344,7872.720.4741140434,2291.185095
SDNSudan43,849,26944,909,3513.270.5709331,060,0822.423034
TUNTunisia11,818,61811,935,7640.8690.1523179117,1460.9953109
ESHWestern Sahara597,330611,8720.04450.007775317014,5422.432832
Africa 1,340,598,113 1,373,486,472 17.44 32,888,359 2.45

Projected population (UN)

Code Country/Region 1950 2000 2050 2100
PopulationRankPopulationRankPopulation RankPopulationRank
BDIBurundi2,308,927296,378,8713125,324,7702750,904,07225
COMComoros159,45952542,358521,471,738492,186,50948
DJIDjibouti62,00053717,577501,295,368501,331,65651
ERIEritrea822,347392,292,413406,005,492409,061,77739
ETHEthiopia18,128,030366,224,8093205,410,6712294,392,9033
KENKenya6,076,757931,964,557791,575,0926125,423,85510
MDGMadagascar4,083,5481815,766,8061654,048,1311499,957,34012
MWIMalawi2,953,8712111,148,7512138,142,9712266,559,38622
MUSMauritius493,258441,185,147471,185,52551827,30353
MYTMayotte15,13856150,33155494,85155745,69154
MOZMozambique5,958,9821017,711,9251365,312,93112123,646,94711
REURéunion248,11449736,714491,009,87552901,24952
RWARwanda2,186,183327,933,6882923,048,0013033,412,64329
SYCSeychelles36,3255580,99857104,5615788,32757
SOMSomalia2,264,076308,872,2502634,922,4492375,716,42920
SSDSouth Sudan2,482,306276,199,3963219,962,7153131,738,06430
UGAUganda5,158,1911223,650,1591189,446,9017136,784,8769
TZAUnited Republic of Tanzania7,649,765833,499,1776129,386,8455285,651,8464
ZMBZambia2,310,4362810,415,9422339,120,9062181,546,19816
ZWEZimbabwe2,746,8522211,881,4821823,947,9212930,965,42131
AGOAngola4,548,0211516,395,4771577,420,3559188,283,1326
CMRCameroon4,307,0211615,513,9441750,573,0361790,225,17814
CAFCentral African Republic1,326,660353,640,421368,400,9543911,631,41038
TCDChad2,502,321258,355,6542734,031,3102461,849,82024
COGCongo827,246383,127,4203710,701,9913520,961,98733
CODDemocratic Republic of the Congo12,183,662547,105,8304194,488,6633362,031,0822
GNQEquatorial Guinea225,53050606,180512,820,923464,510,63145
GABGabon473,296451,228,359453,809,049435,859,22542
STPSao Tome and Principe59,99854142,26456394,16356708,09755
BWABotswana412,541461,643,333433,509,813454,165,86146
SWZEswatini272,997481,005,432481,704,428482,145,19849
LSOLesotho704,686402,032,805412,665,265472,695,43847
NAMNamibia514,378431,794,583423,981,125425,373,58944
ZAFSouth Africa13,628,434444,967,713575,517,9091079,190,83218
BENBenin2,255,222316,865,9463024,280,4842847,208,99826
BFABurkina Faso4,284,4551711,607,9511943,432,1742083,194,23315
CPVCabo Verde178,06451428,17853679,39954603,94956
CIVCôte d'Ivoire2,630,1312316,454,6601451,263,6701696,632,72113
GMBGambia304,895471,317,708444,882,099418,175,55340
GHAGhana5,036,1511319,278,8501252,016,1231579,011,40919
GINGuinea3,012,938208,240,7352825,971,8072645,256,87627
GNBGuinea-Bissau535,438421,201,305463,557,202445,706,28943
LBRLiberia930,022372,848,447389,339,7553615,525,03636
MLIMali4,708,4251410,946,4482243,585,5331980,382,69717
MRTMauritania651,434412,630,217399,024,8913717,064,60734
NERNiger2,559,7062411,331,5612065,593,04311164,947,3377
NGANigeria37,859,7501122,283,8531401,314,9971732,941,5961
SHNSaint Helena5,249586,054585,781584,49658
SENSenegal2,486,642269,797,7312433,186,8502563,515,35723
SLESierra Leone2,041,201334,584,5703512,944,8753416,675,19735
TGOTogo1,395,451344,924,4063415,415,5053226,949,19132
DZAAlgeria8,872,250731,042,238860,923,3901370,704,61921
EGYEgypt20,451,988268,831,5612159,956,8094224,735,1805
LBYLibya1,124,519365,357,893338,525,412388,011,54041
MARMorocco8,985,986628,793,672946,165,4971844,707,86428
SDNSudan5,733,7891127,275,0191081,192,8218142,342,3568
TUNTunisia3,605,312199,708,3472513,796,6003312,972,28537
ESHWestern Sahara13,76357314,11654984,024531,383,77350