List of countries by fertility rate

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
The World Factbook
Date20 Apr 2020

The total fertility rate (TFR) or often simply ‘fertility rate’ in a specific year is defined as the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in alignment with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates.

Niger has the highest fertility rate of 6.95 children per woman followed by Somalia at 6.12. 11 countries/regions have TFR above 5. 40 countries/territories have fertility rate over 4 in which first 22 and total 37 belong to Africa. Afghanistan, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste are the remaining three.

Out of 201 countries and dependent territories estimated by UN, 109 have fertility rate more than population replacement level of 2.1 births per woman. Replacement fertility is the total fertility rate at which women give birth to enough babies to sustain population levels.

First 4 entrants having lowest fertility rate in Asia : Republic of Korea (1.11), Taiwan (1.15), Macao (1.20) and Singapore (1.21). Puerto Rico, which is located in North America has 5th lowest figure followed by five European country.

Countries with higher fertility rate tend to have lower median age and higher population growth rate. In the list of top 50 countries by higher fertility rate, all have median age below 23 years and only one has population growth rate below 1% and 8 have below 2%. In the list of top 50 countries by lowest fertility rate, only two have median age less than 35 years and only three have population growth rate over 1%.

countries by fertility rate

Fertility rate (UN)

Code Rank Country/Region Fertility rate Median age Population Continent
2015-20Years (2020)2020Growth (%)
BDI7Burundi5.4517.32011,890,7843.12Africa
COM35Comoros4.2420.370869,6012.20Africa
DJI74Djibouti2.7626.570988,0001.48Africa
ERI38Eritrea4.1019.2093,546,4211.41Africa
ETH33Ethiopia4.3019.466114,963,5882.57Africa
KEN54Kenya3.5220.11953,771,2962.28Africa
MDG36Madagascar4.1119.56827,691,0182.68Africa
MWI34Malawi4.2518.08019,129,9522.69Africa
MUS187Mauritius1.3937.4571,271,7680.17Africa
MYT45Mayotte3.7320.073272,8152.50Africa
MOZ13Mozambique4.8917.62031,255,4352.93Africa
REU99Réunion2.2735.895895,3120.72Africa
RWA39Rwanda4.1020.03912,952,2182.58Africa
SYC82Seychelles2.4634.18198,3470.62Africa
SOM2Somalia6.1216.68315,893,2222.92Africa
SSD17South Sudan4.7419.04011,193,7251.19Africa
UGA11Uganda5.0116.73345,741,0073.32Africa
TZA12United Republic of Tanzania4.9217.99259,734,2182.98Africa
ZMB19Zambia4.6617.59218,383,9552.93Africa
ZWE48Zimbabwe3.6318.66814,862,9241.48Africa
AGO6Angola5.5516.67732,866,2723.27Africa
CMR21Cameroon4.6018.68826,545,8632.59Africa
CAF15Central African Republic4.7517.6114,829,7671.78Africa
TCD5Chad5.8016.55416,425,8643.00Africa
COG26Congo4.4519.2045,518,0872.56Africa
COD3Democratic Republic of the Congo5.9616.98889,561,4033.19Africa
GNQ24Equatorial Guinea4.5522.3351,402,9853.47Africa
GAB40Gabon4.0022.5112,225,7342.45Africa
STP29Sao Tome and Principe4.3518.612219,1591.91Africa
BWA68Botswana2.8924.0442,351,6272.08Africa
SWZ62Eswatini3.0320.7291,160,1641.05Africa
LSO58Lesotho3.1624.0102,142,2490.80Africa
NAM55Namibia3.4221.8322,540,9051.86Africa
ZAF89South Africa2.4127.62159,308,6901.28Africa
BEN14Benin4.8718.78112,123,2002.73Africa
BFA10Burkina Faso5.2317.55120,903,2732.86Africa
CPV96Cabo Verde2.2927.604555,9871.10Africa
CIV18Côte d'Ivoire4.6818.85426,378,2742.57Africa
GMB9Gambia5.2517.8442,416,6682.94Africa
GHA42Ghana3.8921.50731,072,9402.15Africa
GIN16Guinea4.7418.02013,132,7952.83Africa
GNB25Guinea-Bissau4.5118.8331,968,0012.45Africa
LBR31Liberia4.3519.4115,057,6812.44Africa
MLI4Mali5.9216.34720,250,8333.02Africa
MRT22Mauritania4.5920.1144,649,6582.74Africa
NER1Niger6.9515.15124,206,6443.84Africa
NGA8Nigeria5.4218.064206,139,5892.58Africa
SEN20Senegal4.6518.51416,743,9272.75Africa
SLE32Sierra Leone4.3219.4027,976,9832.10Africa
TGO30Togo4.3519.3508,278,7242.43Africa
DZA60Algeria3.0528.52143,851,0441.85Africa
EGY57Egypt3.3324.606102,334,4041.94Africa
LBY101Libya2.2528.8176,871,2921.38Africa
MAR87Morocco2.4229.53836,910,5601.20Africa
SDN28Sudan4.4319.65943,849,2602.42Africa
TUN104Tunisia2.2032.83511,818,6191.06Africa
ESH90Western Sahara2.4128.424597,3392.55Africa
ARM145Armenia1.7635.3742,963,2430.19Asia
AZE112Azerbaijan2.0832.33310,139,1770.91Asia
BHR120Bahrain2.0032.4561,701,5753.68Asia
CYP189Cyprus1.3437.2501,207,3590.73Asia
GEO115Georgia2.0638.2683,989,167-0.19Asia
IRQ46Iraq3.6821.04040,222,4932.32Asia
ISR61Israel3.0430.4848,655,5351.60Asia
JOR72Jordan2.7723.77110,203,1341.00Asia
KWT109Kuwait2.1036.7814,270,5711.51Asia
LBN110Lebanon2.0929.5636,825,445-0.44Asia
OMN65Oman2.9330.6045,106,6262.65Asia
QAT134Qatar1.8832.2642,881,0531.73Asia
SAU92Saudi Arabia2.3431.79734,813,8711.59Asia
PSE47State of Palestine3.6720.7695,101,4142.41Asia
SYR69Syrian Arab Republic2.8425.62117,500,6582.52Asia
TUR111Turkey2.0831.54984,339,0671.09Asia
ARE185United Arab Emirates1.4232.6219,890,4021.23Asia
YEM43Yemen3.8420.22129,825,9642.28Asia
KAZ73Kazakhstan2.7630.68218,776,7071.21Asia
KGZ63Kyrgyzstan3.0026.0346,524,1951.69Asia
TJK49Tajikistan3.6122.4169,537,6452.32Asia
TKM70Turkmenistan2.7926.9376,031,2001.50Asia
UZB85Uzbekistan2.4327.80933,469,2031.48Asia
AFG23Afghanistan4.5618.43838,928,3462.33Asia
BGD118Bangladesh2.0527.567164,689,3831.01Asia
BTN121Bhutan2.0028.144771,6081.12Asia
IND102India2.2428.4261,380,004,3850.99Asia
IRN107Iran (Islamic Republic of)2.1531.97283,992,9491.30Asia
MDV133Maldives1.8829.906540,5441.81Asia
NPL127Nepal1.9324.63329,136,8081.85Asia
PAK53Pakistan3.5522.782220,892,3402.00Asia
LKA103Sri Lanka2.2133.95021,413,2490.42Asia
CHN156China1.6938.4221,439,323,7760.39Asia
HKG191China, Hong Kong SAR1.3344.7907,496,9810.82Asia
MAC199China, Macao SAR1.2039.267649,3351.39Asia
TWN200China, Taiwan Province of China1.1542.45523,816,7750.18Asia
PRK128Dem. People's Republic of Korea1.9135.33825,778,8160.44Asia
JPN188Japan1.3748.358126,476,461-0.30Asia
MNG66Mongolia2.9028.1813,278,2901.65Asia
KOR201Republic of Korea1.1143.73451,269,1850.09Asia
BRN135Brunei Darussalam1.8532.308437,4790.97Asia
KHM78Cambodia2.5225.63116,718,9651.41Asia
IDN95Indonesia2.3229.744273,523,6151.07Asia
LAO76Lao People's Democratic Republic2.7024.3707,275,5601.48Asia
MYS119Malaysia2.0130.26232,365,9991.30Asia
MMR105Myanmar2.1728.98354,409,8000.67Asia
PHL77Philippines2.5825.687109,581,0781.35Asia
SGP198Singapore1.2142.2265,850,3420.79Asia
THA173Thailand1.5340.10269,799,9780.25Asia
TLS37Timor-Leste4.1020.7951,318,4451.96Asia
VNM114Viet Nam2.0632.49097,338,5790.91Asia
ATG122Antigua and Barbuda2.0033.97697,9290.84North America
ABW129Aruba1.9041.034106,7660.43North America
BHS148Bahamas1.7632.250393,2440.97North America
BRB163Barbados1.6240.493287,3750.12North America
CUB164Cuba1.6242.21111,326,616-0.06North America
CUW147Curaçao1.7641.561164,0930.41North America
DOM91Dominican Republic2.3628.00210,847,9101.01North America
GRD113Grenada2.0731.982112,5230.46North America
GLP106Guadeloupe2.1743.698400,1240.02North America
HTI64Haiti2.9624.00811,402,5281.24North America
JAM123Jamaica1.9930.7252,961,1670.44North America
MTQ132Martinique1.8847.032375,265-0.08North America
PRI197Puerto Rico1.2244.4672,860,853-2.47North America
LCA184Saint Lucia1.4434.495183,6270.46North America
VCT130Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1.9032.894110,9400.32North America
TTO152Trinidad and Tobago1.7336.1761,399,4880.32North America
VIR117United States Virgin Islands2.0542.583104,425-0.15North America
BLZ94Belize2.3225.482397,6281.86North America
CRI146Costa Rica1.7633.4625,094,1180.92North America
SLV116El Salvador2.0527.5526,486,2050.51North America
GTM67Guatemala2.9022.88117,915,5681.90North America
HND79Honduras2.4924.3449,904,6071.63North America
MEX108Mexico2.1429.171128,932,7531.06North America
NIC88Nicaragua2.4226.4646,624,5541.21North America
PAN81Panama2.4729.6774,314,7671.61North America
ARG100Argentina2.2731.53245,195,7740.93South America
BOL75Bolivia (Plurinational State of)2.7525.56011,673,0211.39South America
BRA151Brazil1.7433.481212,559,4170.72South America
CHL160Chile1.6535.33919,116,2010.87South America
COL140Colombia1.8231.30750,882,8911.08South America
ECU84Ecuador2.4427.93017,643,0541.55South America
GUF56French Guiana3.3625.081298,6822.70South America
GUY80Guyana2.4726.687786,5520.48South America
PRY83Paraguay2.4526.3087,132,5381.25South America
PER98Peru2.2730.98432,971,8541.42South America
SUR86Suriname2.4328.988586,6320.90South America
URY124Uruguay1.9835.7603,473,7300.35South America
VEN97Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)2.2829.59228,435,940-0.28South America
AUS139Australia1.8337.87525,499,8841.18Oceania
NZL131New Zealand1.9037.9734,822,2330.82Oceania
FJI71Fiji2.7927.930896,4450.73Oceania
NCL125New Caledonia1.9733.616285,4980.97Oceania
PNG50Papua New Guinea3.5922.4228,947,0241.95Oceania
SLB27Solomon Islands4.4419.889686,8842.55Oceania
VUT44Vanuatu3.8021.112307,1452.42Oceania
GUM93Guam2.3231.373168,7750.89Oceania
KIR51Kiribati3.5823.040119,4491.57Oceania
FSM59Micronesia (Fed. States of)3.0824.362115,0231.06Oceania
PYF126French Polynesia1.9533.596280,9080.58Oceania
WSM41Samoa3.9021.835198,4140.67Oceania
TON52Tonga3.5822.415105,6951.15Oceania
BLR154Belarus1.7140.3359,449,323-0.03Europe
BGR169Bulgaria1.5644.5966,948,445-0.74Europe
CZE161Czechia1.6443.20310,708,9810.18Europe
HUN178Hungary1.4943.3369,660,351-0.25Europe
POL186Poland1.4241.67837,846,611-0.11Europe
MDA196Republic of Moldova1.2637.5974,033,963-0.23Europe
ROU165Romania1.6243.17119,237,691-0.66Europe
RUS141Russian Federation1.8239.586145,934,4620.04Europe
SVK176Slovakia1.5041.2495,459,6420.05Europe
UKR183Ukraine1.4441.17843,733,762-0.59Europe
JEY/GGY175Channel Islands1.5042.552173,8630.93Europe
DNK144Denmark1.7642.2985,792,2020.35Europe
EST168Estonia1.5942.4241,326,5350.07Europe
FIN172Finland1.5343.1285,540,7200.15Europe
ISL143Iceland1.7737.491341,2430.65Europe
IRL138Ireland1.8438.2464,937,7861.13Europe
LVA153Latvia1.7243.9411,886,198-1.08Europe
LTU158Lithuania1.6745.0512,722,289-1.35Europe
NOR157Norway1.6839.8365,421,2410.79Europe
SWE136Sweden1.8541.07810,099,2650.63Europe
GBR149United Kingdom1.7540.46767,886,0110.53Europe
ALB162Albania1.6236.3992,877,797-0.11Europe
BIH195Bosnia and Herzegovina1.2743.1083,280,819-0.61Europe
HRV181Croatia1.4544.2914,105,267-0.61Europe
GRC193Greece1.3045.55010,423,054-0.48Europe
ITA192Italy1.3347.28860,461,826-0.15Europe
MLT182Malta1.4542.596441,5430.27Europe
MNE150Montenegro1.7538.800628,0660.01Europe
MKD177North Macedonia1.5039.1382,083,3740.00Europe
PRT194Portugal1.2946.15810,196,709-0.29Europe
SRB179Serbia1.4641.5758,737,371-0.40Europe
SVN166Slovenia1.6044.5392,078,9380.01Europe
ESP190Spain1.3344.85846,754,7780.04Europe
AUT174Austria1.5343.4839,006,3980.57Europe
BEL155Belgium1.7141.92811,589,6230.44Europe
FRA137France1.8542.33865,273,5110.22Europe
DEU167Germany1.5945.74483,783,9420.32Europe
LUX180Luxembourg1.4539.729625,9781.66Europe
NLD159Netherlands1.6643.31417,134,8720.22Europe
CHE170Switzerland1.5443.0538,654,6220.74Europe
CAN171Canada1.5341.12437,742,1540.89North America
USA142United States of America1.7838.308331,002,6510.59North America
World 2.47 30.904 7,794,798,739 1.05

Fertility rate (The World Factbook)

Rank Country/Region Fertility rate Year
1Niger7.00(2020 est.)
2Angola5.96(2020 est.)
3Congo, Democratic Republic Of The5.77(2020 est.)
4Mali5.72(2020 est.)
5Chad5.68(2020 est.)
6Uganda5.54(2020 est.)
7South Sudan5.54(2020 est.)
8Benin5.53(2020 est.)
9Somalia5.51(2020 est.)
10Zambia5.49(2020 est.)
11Malawi5.31(2020 est.)
12Burundi5.28(2020 est.)
13Mozambique4.97(2020 est.)
14Guinea4.92(2020 est.)
15Liberia4.90(2020 est.)
16Afghanistan4.82(2020 est.)
17Guinea-bissau4.75(2020 est.)
18Nigeria4.72(2020 est.)
19Sudan4.72(2020 est.)
20Cameroon4.66(2020 est.)
21Sierra Leone4.62(2020 est.)
22Tanzania4.59(2020 est.)
23Burkina Faso4.51(2020 est.)
24Congo, Republic Of The4.45(2020 est.)
25Timor-leste4.44(2020 est.)
26Togo4.22(2020 est.)
27Ethiopia4.14(2020 est.)
28Central African Republic4.14(2020 est.)
29Equatorial Guinea4.11(2020 est.)
30Senegal4.04(2020 est.)
31Zimbabwe3.93(2020 est.)
32Ghana3.90(2020 est.)
33Sao Tome And Principe3.82(2020 est.)
34Madagascar3.78(2020 est.)
35Eritrea3.73(2020 est.)
36Cote D'ivoire3.67(2020 est.)
37Western Sahara3.65(2020 est.)
38Mauritania3.65(2020 est.)
39Gaza Strip3.64(2020 est.)
40Pakistan3.60(2020 est.)
41Rwanda3.52(2020 est.)
42Kenya3.43(2020 est.)
43Gabon3.41(2020 est.)
44Iraq3.39(2020 est.)
45Egypt3.29(2020 est.)
46Gambia, The3.21(2020 est.)
47Yemen3.20(2020 est.)
48Libya3.17(2020 est.)
49Namibia3.07(2020 est.)
50West Bank3.07(2020 est.)
51Jordan3.04(2020 est.)
52Solomon Islands2.97(2020 est.)
53Comoros2.95(2020 est.)
54Philippines2.92(2020 est.)
55Syria2.90(2020 est.)
56Tuvalu2.88(2020 est.)
57Tonga2.87(2020 est.)
58Marshall Islands2.86(2020 est.)
59Papua New Guinea2.84(2020 est.)
60Guam2.84(2020 est.)
61Vanuatu2.79(2020 est.)
62Oman2.76(2020 est.)
63Guatemala2.72(2020 est.)
64Belize2.70(2020 est.)
65Northern Mariana Islands2.70(2020 est.)
66Nauru2.68(2020 est.)
67Israel2.59(2020 est.)
68Algeria2.59(2020 est.)
69Kyrgyzstan2.54(2020 est.)
70Laos2.53(2020 est.)
71Eswatini2.52(2020 est.)
72Haiti2.52(2020 est.)
73Tajikistan2.51(2020 est.)
74Lesotho2.50(2020 est.)
75Samoa2.50(2020 est.)
76Bolivia2.48(2020 est.)
77Botswana2.45(2020 est.)
78Malaysia2.43(2020 est.)
79Cambodia2.39(2020 est.)
80India2.35(2020 est.)
81American Samoa2.35(2020 est.)
82Faroe Islands2.31(2020 est.)
83Morocco2.31(2020 est.)
84Fiji2.31(2020 est.)
85Micronesia, Federated States Of2.29(2020 est.)
86Kuwait2.26(2020 est.)
87Venezuela2.26(2020 est.)
88Kiribati2.25(2020 est.)
89Dominican Republic2.24(2020 est.)
90Panama2.23(2020 est.)
91South Africa2.22(2020 est.)
92Argentina2.21(2020 est.)
93Mexico2.19(2020 est.)
94Djibouti2.19(2020 est.)
95Kazakhstan2.16(2020 est.)
96Cabo Verde2.16(2020 est.)
97Cook Islands2.12(2020 est.)
98Bangladesh2.11(2020 est.)
99El Salvador2.09(2020 est.)
100Ecuador2.09(2020 est.)
101Honduras2.09(2020 est.)
102Burma2.07(2020 est.)
103Jamaica2.07(2020 est.)
104Tunisia2.06(2020 est.)
105France2.06(2020 est.)
106Peru2.04(2020 est.)
107Indonesia2.04(2020 est.)
108Turkmenistan2.04(2020 est.)
109Virgin Islands2.03(2020 est.)
110Sint Maarten2.02(2020 est.)
111Dominica2.02(2020 est.)
112Sri Lanka2.01(2020 est.)
113Curacao2.00(2020 est.)
114Antigua And Barbuda1.97(2020 est.)
115Iceland1.97(2020 est.)
116Grenada1.96(2020 est.)
117Turkey1.96(2020 est.)
118Nepal1.96(2020 est.)
119Kosovo1.95(2020 est.)
120Mongolia1.95(2020 est.)
121Saudi Arabia1.95(2020 est.)
122Iran1.94(2020 est.)
123Greenland1.94(2020 est.)
124Ireland1.94(2020 est.)
125Colombia1.94(2020 est.)
126Korea, North1.92(2020 est.)
127Bahamas, The1.92(2020 est.)
128Bermuda1.91(2020 est.)
129Isle Of Man1.90(2020 est.)
130Gibraltar1.90(2020 est.)
131Guyana1.89(2020 est.)
132Paraguay1.89(2020 est.)
133Azerbaijan1.88(2020 est.)
134Qatar1.88(2020 est.)
135New Caledonia1.88(2020 est.)
136Costa Rica1.87(2020 est.)
137New Zealand1.87(2020 est.)
138Sweden1.87(2020 est.)
139United Kingdom1.86(2020 est.)
140Suriname1.86(2020 est.)
141United States1.84(2020 est.)
142Norway1.84(2020 est.)
143Cayman Islands1.83(2020 est.)
144French Polynesia1.83(2020 est.)
145Aruba1.83(2020 est.)
146Seychelles1.83(2020 est.)
147Montenegro1.82(2020 est.)
148Nicaragua1.82(2020 est.)
149Bhutan1.82(2020 est.)
150Saint Martin1.81(2020 est.)
151Denmark1.78(2020 est.)
152Uruguay1.77(2020 est.)
153Chile1.77(2020 est.)
154Belgium1.77(2020 est.)
155Netherlands1.77(2020 est.)
156Vietnam1.77(2020 est.)
157Saint Kitts And Nevis1.77(2020 est.)
158Saint Vincent And The Grenadines1.76(2020 est.)
159Brunei1.75(2020 est.)
160Georgia1.75(2020 est.)
161Uzbekistan1.74(2020 est.)
162Australia1.74(2020 est.)
163Anguilla1.74(2020 est.)
164Finland1.74(2020 est.)
165Mauritius1.73(2020 est.)
166Saint Lucia1.73(2020 est.)
167Brazil1.73(2020 est.)
168United Arab Emirates1.73(2020 est.)
169Cuba1.71(2020 est.)
170Lebanon1.71(2020 est.)
171Wallis And Futuna1.71(2020 est.)
172Maldives1.71(2020 est.)
173Trinidad And Tobago1.70(2020 est.)
174Turks And Caicos Islands1.70(2020 est.)
175Palau1.70(2020 est.)
176Liechtenstein1.69(2020 est.)
177Bahrain1.69(2020 est.)
178Barbados1.68(2020 est.)
179Jersey1.67(2020 est.)
180Armenia1.65(2020 est.)
181Saint Barthelemy1.64(2020 est.)
182Luxembourg1.62(2020 est.)
183Estonia1.61(2020 est.)
184China1.60(2020 est.)
185Russia1.60(2020 est.)
186Lithuania1.60(2020 est.)
187Saint Helena, Ascension, And Tristan Da Cunha1.60(2020 est.)
188Slovenia1.59(2020 est.)
189Moldova1.58(2020 est.)
190Saint Pierre And Miquelon1.58(2020 est.)
191Switzerland1.57(2020 est.)
192Guernsey1.57(2020 est.)
193Canada1.57(2020 est.)
194Ukraine1.56(2020 est.)
195Monaco1.55(2020 est.)
196Thailand1.54(2020 est.)
197Latvia1.53(2020 est.)
198Albania1.53(2020 est.)
199San Marino1.52(2020 est.)
200Spain1.51(2020 est.)
201Belarus1.50(2020 est.)
202North Macedonia1.50(2020 est.)
203Malta1.49(2020 est.)
204Bulgaria1.49(2020 est.)
205Austria1.49(2020 est.)
206Cyprus1.48(2020 est.)
207Czechia1.48(2020 est.)
208Germany1.47(2020 est.)
209Hungary1.47(2020 est.)
210Italy1.47(2020 est.)
211Serbia1.46(2020 est.)
212Slovakia1.44(2020 est.)
213Andorra1.43(2020 est.)
214Japan1.43(2020 est.)
215Croatia1.42(2020 est.)
216Portugal1.41(2020 est.)
217Greece1.38(2020 est.)
218Romania1.38(2020 est.)
219Poland1.38(2020 est.)
220Montserrat1.36(2020 est.)
221Bosnia And Herzegovina1.33(2020 est.)
222British Virgin Islands1.33(2020 est.)
223Korea, South1.29(2020 est.)
224Puerto Rico1.24(2020 est.)
225Hong Kong1.21(2020 est.)
226Taiwan1.14(2020 est.)
227Macau0.96(2020 est.)
228Singapore0.87(2020 est.)
-Christmas Island--
-Cocos (keeling) Islands--
-Falkland Islands (islas Malvinas)--
-Niue--
-Norfolk Island--
-Pitcairn Islands--
-Svalbard--
-Tokelau--