List of countries by median age

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
The World Factbook
Date20 Apr 2020

The median age divides the population in two parts of equal size: that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It provides an important single indicator of the age distribution of a population.

Japan has the highest median age at 48.36 years followed by Italy at 47.29 years. 46 countries and dependent territories have median age over 40 years. Out of them, 31 belong to Europe, 9 to North America and 6 to Asia. 100 countries/territories have half of the population over 30 years.

With half of the population below 15.51 years, Niger is the youngest country of the world. 35 countries/regions have median age under 20 years in which first 17 and total 33 belong to Africa continent, Afghanistan and Solomon Islands are the remaining two.

As per The World Factbook, Monaco has highest median age at 55.4 years, 6.8 years more than 48.6 years of Japan. For male/female it ranges from 14.5/15.1 years in Niger to 53.7/57.0 years in Monaco.

Countries with greater median age tend to have lower fertility rate and higher life expectancy. In the list of top 50 countries by older population, only two have fertility rate over 2 and only 4 have life expectancy below 75 years. In the list of top 50 countries by younger population, all of them have fertility rate over 3 and only 7 have life expectancy above 70 years.

countries by median age

Median age (UN)

Code Rank Country/Region Median age Fertility rate Life expectancy Continent
Years (2020)2015-202015-20
BDI194Burundi17.3205.4561.03Africa
COM161Comoros20.3704.2463.98Africa
DJI126Djibouti26.5702.7666.54Africa
ERI174Eritrea19.2094.1065.74Africa
ETH170Ethiopia19.4664.3065.97Africa
KEN163Kenya20.1193.5266.18Africa
MDG169Madagascar19.5684.1166.49Africa
MWI185Malawi18.0804.2563.43Africa
MUS61Mauritius37.4571.3974.76Africa
MYT165Mayotte20.0733.7379.35Africa
MOZ190Mozambique17.6204.8960.05Africa
REU66Réunion35.8952.2780.03Africa
RWA166Rwanda20.0394.1068.44Africa
SYC72Seychelles34.1812.4673.29Africa
SOM197Somalia16.6836.1256.94Africa
SSD176South Sudan19.0404.7457.43Africa
UGA196Uganda16.7335.0162.76Africa
TZA188United Republic of Tanzania17.9924.9264.84Africa
ZMB192Zambia17.5924.6663.26Africa
ZWE181Zimbabwe18.6683.6360.83Africa
AGO198Angola16.6775.5560.54Africa
CMR180Cameroon18.6884.6058.77Africa
CAF191Central African Republic17.6114.7552.67Africa
TCD199Chad16.5545.8053.80Africa
COG175Congo19.2044.4564.16Africa
COD195Democratic Republic of the Congo16.9885.9660.21Africa
GNQ152Equatorial Guinea22.3354.5558.25Africa
GAB148Gabon22.5114.0066.06Africa
STP182Sao Tome and Principe18.6124.3570.05Africa
BWA141Botswana24.0442.8969.10Africa
SWZ160Eswatini20.7293.0359.31Africa
LSO142Lesotho24.0103.1653.51Africa
NAM154Namibia21.8323.4263.02Africa
ZAF120South Africa27.6212.4163.62Africa
BEN179Benin18.7814.8761.30Africa
BFA193Burkina Faso17.5515.2360.92Africa
CPV121Cabo Verde27.6042.2972.70Africa
CIV177Côte d'Ivoire18.8544.6857.25Africa
GMB189Gambia17.8445.2561.54Africa
GHA155Ghana21.5073.8963.65Africa
GIN187Guinea18.0204.7461.04Africa
GNB178Guinea-Bissau18.8334.5157.82Africa
LBR171Liberia19.4114.3563.60Africa
MLI200Mali16.3475.9258.71Africa
MRT164Mauritania20.1144.5964.61Africa
NER201Niger15.1516.9561.80Africa
NGA186Nigeria18.0645.4254.18Africa
SEN183Senegal18.5144.6567.47Africa
SLE172Sierra Leone19.4024.3254.07Africa
TGO173Togo19.3504.3560.53Africa
DZA111Algeria28.5213.0576.59Africa
EGY137Egypt24.6063.3371.74Africa
LBY110Libya28.8172.2572.70Africa
MAR106Morocco29.5382.4276.33Africa
SDN168Sudan19.6594.4364.95Africa
TUN80Tunisia32.8352.2076.41Africa
ESH113Western Sahara28.4242.4169.86Africa
ARM68Armenia35.3741.7674.87Asia
AZE84Azerbaijan32.3332.0872.81Asia
BHR83Bahrain32.4562.0077.10Asia
CYP62Cyprus37.2501.3480.75Asia
GEO55Georgia38.2682.0673.52Asia
IRQ157Iraq21.0403.6870.37Asia
ISR99Israel30.4843.0482.74Asia
JOR144Jordan23.7712.7774.33Asia
KWT63Kuwait36.7812.1075.33Asia
LBN105Lebanon29.5632.0978.82Asia
OMN98Oman30.6042.9377.53Asia
QAT86Qatar32.2641.8880.02Asia
SAU90Saudi Arabia31.7972.3474.90Asia
PSE159State of Palestine20.7693.6773.82Asia
SYR132Syrian Arab Republic25.6212.8471.32Asia
TUR91Turkey31.5492.0877.31Asia
ARE81United Arab Emirates32.6211.4277.75Asia
YEM162Yemen20.2213.8466.03Asia
KAZ97Kazakhstan30.6822.7673.23Asia
KGZ129Kyrgyzstan26.0343.0071.18Asia
TJK150Tajikistan22.4163.6170.77Asia
TKM124Turkmenistan26.9372.7967.98Asia
UZB119Uzbekistan27.8092.4371.53Asia
AFG184Afghanistan18.4384.5664.28Asia
BGD122Bangladesh27.5672.0572.15Asia
BTN115Bhutan28.1442.0071.28Asia
IND112India28.4262.2469.27Asia
IRN89Iran (Islamic Republic of)31.9722.1576.35Asia
MDV101Maldives29.9061.8878.47Asia
NPL136Nepal24.6331.9370.31Asia
PAK147Pakistan22.7823.5567.02Asia
LKA74Sri Lanka33.9502.2176.73Asia
CHN53China38.4221.6976.62Asia
HKG9China, Hong Kong SAR44.7901.3384.63Asia
MAC50China, Macao SAR39.2671.2084.04Asia
TWN28China, Taiwan Province of China42.4551.1580.19Asia
PRK70Dem. People's Republic of Korea35.3381.9171.96Asia
JPN1Japan48.3581.3784.43Asia
MNG114Mongolia28.1812.9069.55Asia
KOR15Republic of Korea43.7341.1182.77Asia
BRN85Brunei Darussalam32.3081.8575.66Asia
KHM131Cambodia25.6312.5269.44Asia
IDN102Indonesia29.7442.3271.41Asia
LAO138Lao People's Democratic Republic24.3702.7067.44Asia
MYS100Malaysia30.2622.0175.93Asia
MMR109Myanmar28.9832.1766.76Asia
PHL130Philippines25.6872.5871.04Asia
SGP32Singapore42.2261.2183.39Asia
THA46Thailand40.1021.5376.83Asia
TLS158Timor-Leste20.7954.1069.15Asia
VNM82Viet Nam32.4902.0675.27Asia
ATG73Antigua and Barbuda33.9762.0076.82North America
ABW42Aruba41.0341.9076.08North America
BHS87Bahamas32.2501.7673.73North America
BRB43Barbados40.4931.6279.02North America
CUB33Cuba42.2111.6278.69North America
CUW37Curaçao41.5611.7678.63North America
DOM116Dominican Republic28.0022.3673.81North America
GRD88Grenada31.9822.0772.39North America
GLP16Guadeloupe43.6982.1781.84North America
HTI143Haiti24.0082.9663.52North America
JAM96Jamaica30.7251.9974.33North America
MTQ3Martinique47.0321.8882.27North America
PRI12Puerto Rico44.4671.2279.85North America
LCA71Saint Lucia34.4951.4475.99North America
VCT79Saint Vincent and the Grenadines32.8941.9072.36North America
TTO65Trinidad and Tobago36.1761.7373.31North America
VIR26United States Virgin Islands42.5832.0580.32North America
BLZ134Belize25.4822.3274.37North America
CRI78Costa Rica33.4621.7680.00North America
SLV123El Salvador27.5522.0572.99North America
GTM146Guatemala22.8812.9073.94North America
HND140Honduras24.3442.4974.99North America
MEX107Mexico29.1712.1474.98North America
NIC127Nicaragua26.4642.4274.15North America
PAN103Panama29.6772.4778.24North America
ARG92Argentina31.5322.2776.45South America
BOL133Bolivia (Plurinational State of)25.5602.7571.08South America
BRA77Brazil33.4811.7475.56South America
CHL69Chile35.3391.6579.96South America
COL94Colombia31.3071.8277.02South America
ECU118Ecuador27.9302.4476.70South America
GUF135French Guiana25.0813.3679.73South America
GUY125Guyana26.6872.4769.71South America
PRY128Paraguay26.3082.4574.08South America
PER95Peru30.9842.2776.41South America
SUR108Suriname28.9882.4371.49South America
URY67Uruguay35.7601.9877.70South America
VEN104Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)29.5922.2872.13South America
AUS58Australia37.8751.8383.20Oceania
NZL57New Zealand37.9731.9082.06Oceania
FJI117Fiji27.9302.7967.27Oceania
NCL75New Caledonia33.6161.9777.28Oceania
PNG149Papua New Guinea22.4223.5964.15Oceania
SLB167Solomon Islands19.8894.4472.77Oceania
VUT156Vanuatu21.1123.8070.25Oceania
GUM93Guam31.3732.3279.77Oceania
KIR145Kiribati23.0403.5867.99Oceania
FSM139Micronesia (Fed. States of)24.3623.0867.70Oceania
PYF76French Polynesia33.5961.9577.38Oceania
WSM153Samoa21.8353.9073.11Oceania
TON151Tonga22.4153.5870.74Oceania
BLR45Belarus40.3351.7174.49Europe
BGR10Bulgaria44.5961.5674.85Europe
CZE20Czechia43.2031.6479.15Europe
HUN18Hungary43.3361.4976.63Europe
POL35Poland41.6781.4278.46Europe
MDA59Republic of Moldova37.5971.2671.68Europe
ROU21Romania43.1711.6275.83Europe
RUS49Russian Federation39.5861.8272.29Europe
SVK38Slovakia41.2491.5077.31Europe
UKR39Ukraine41.1781.4471.82Europe
JEY/GGY27Channel Islands42.5521.5082.84Europe
DNK31Denmark42.2981.7680.68Europe
EST29Estonia42.4241.5978.46Europe
FIN22Finland43.1281.5381.64Europe
ISL60Iceland37.4911.7782.77Europe
IRL56Ireland38.2461.8482.05Europe
LVA14Latvia43.9411.7275.05Europe
LTU7Lithuania45.0511.6775.65Europe
NOR47Norway39.8361.6882.18Europe
SWE41Sweden41.0781.8582.57Europe
GBR44United Kingdom40.4671.7581.15Europe
ALB64Albania36.3991.6278.38Europe
BIH23Bosnia and Herzegovina43.1081.2777.18Europe
HRV13Croatia44.2911.4578.25Europe
GRC6Greece45.5501.3081.98Europe
ITA2Italy47.2881.3383.28Europe
MLT25Malta42.5961.4582.29Europe
MNE52Montenegro38.8001.7576.65Europe
MKD51North Macedonia39.1381.5075.60Europe
PRT4Portugal46.1581.2981.75Europe
SRB36Serbia41.5751.4675.77Europe
SVN11Slovenia44.5391.6081.08Europe
ESP8Spain44.8581.3383.36Europe
AUT17Austria43.4831.5381.35Europe
BEL34Belgium41.9281.7181.39Europe
FRA30France42.3381.8582.46Europe
DEU5Germany45.7441.5981.10Europe
LUX48Luxembourg39.7291.4582.00Europe
NLD19Netherlands43.3141.6682.06Europe
CHE24Switzerland43.0531.5483.56Europe
CAN40Canada41.1241.5382.22North America
USA54United States of America38.3081.7878.81North America
World 30.904 2.47 72.28

Median age (The World Factbook)

Rank Country/Region Median age (Years)
TotalMaleFemaleYear
202Afghanistan19.519.419.52020
91Albania34.332.935.72020
139Algeria28.928.629.32020
149American Samoa27.226.727.72020
6Andorra46.246.346.12020
226Angola15.915.416.42020
81Anguilla35.733.737.62020
106Antigua and Barbuda32.730.734.42020
110Argentina32.431.133.62020
78Armenia36.635.138.32020
53Aruba39.938.241.52020
69Australia37.536.538.52020
14Austria44.543.145.82020
108Azerbaijan32.631.134.22020
104Bahamas, The32.831.734.02020
102Bahrain32.934.430.32020
143Bangladesh27.927.128.62020
55Barbados39.538.440.72020
48Belarus40.938.043.92020
44Belgium41.640.442.82020
172Belize23.923.024.82020
219Benin17.016.417.62020
23Bermuda43.641.645.72020
136Bhutan29.129.628.62020
160Bolivia25.324.526.02020
27Bosnia and Herzegovina43.341.644.82020
157Botswana25.724.526.72020
101Brazil33.232.334.12020
71British Virgin Islands37.237.037.52020
116Brunei31.130.531.82020
20Bulgaria43.741.945.62020
217Burkina Faso17.917.018.72020
133Burma29.228.330.02020
218Burundi17.717.418.02020
151Cabo Verde26.825.927.62020
153Cambodia26.425.627.22020
210Cameroon18.518.218.82020
40Canada41.840.642.92020
51Cayman Islands40.539.741.22020
195Central African Republic20.019.720.32020
224Chad16.115.616.52020
83Chile35.534.336.72020
62China38.437.539.42020
115Colombia31.230.232.22020
189Comoros20.920.221.52020
223Congo, Democratic Republic of the16.716.516.82020
203Congo, Republic of the19.519.319.72020
64Cook Islands38.337.838.72020
109Costa Rica32.632.133.12020
191Cote d'Ivoire20.320.320.32020
18Croatia43.942.045.92020
37Cuba42.140.243.82020
77Curacao36.734.439.52020
65Cyprus37.936.739.42020
28Czechia43.342.044.72020
38Denmark42.040.943.12020
163Djibouti24.923.026.42020
87Dominica34.934.435.52020
144Dominican Republic27.927.828.12020
140Ecuador28.828.029.62020
166Egypt24.123.824.52020
145El Salvador27.726.229.32020
192Equatorial Guinea20.319.920.72020
193Eritrea20.319.720.82020
21Estonia43.740.447.02020
174Eswatini23.722.524.72020
198Ethiopia19.819.620.12020
72Faroe Islands37.236.937.72020
125Fiji29.929.730.12020
31Finland42.841.344.42020
43France41.740.043.42020
98French Polynesia33.333.033.52020
187Gabon21.021.420.62020
182Gambia, The21.821.522.22020
214Gaza Strip18.017.718.42020
60Georgia38.635.941.42020
4Germany47.846.549.12020
185Ghana21.421.021.92020
84Gibraltar35.534.436.62020
9Greece45.343.746.82020
92Greenland34.335.133.42020
99Grenada33.333.133.42020
130Guam29.428.730.22020
178Guatemala23.222.623.82020
17Guernsey44.343.045.62020
206Guinea19.118.919.42020
215Guinea-Bissau18.017.418.62020
146Guyana27.527.227.92020
167Haiti24.123.824.32020
165Honduras24.423.525.22020
7Hong Kong45.644.246.52020
24Hungary43.641.545.52020
74Iceland37.136.637.72020
141India28.728.029.52020
117Indonesia31.130.531.82020
113Iran31.731.532.02020
186Iraq21.220.821.62020
66Ireland37.837.438.22020
12Isle of Man44.643.645.62020
121Israel30.429.831.02020
5Italy46.545.447.52020
131Jamaica29.428.630.12020
2Japan48.647.250.02020
70Jersey37.536.039.52020
175Jordan23.523.922.92020
114Kazakhstan31.630.332.82020
196Kenya20.019.920.12020
158Kiribati25.724.826.62020
89Korea, North34.633.236.22020
29Korea, South43.241.645.02020
120Kosovo30.530.230.82020
127Kuwait29.730.727.92020
147Kyrgyzstan27.326.128.52020
170Laos24.023.724.42020
16Latvia44.440.548.02020
95Lebanon33.733.134.42020
164Lesotho24.724.724.72020
216Liberia18.017.718.22020
156Libya25.825.925.72020
22Liechtenstein43.742.045.32020
15Lithuania44.540.248.22020
56Luxembourg39.538.940.02020
49Macau40.840.740.92020
194Madagascar20.320.120.52020
222Malawi16.816.716.92020
134Malaysia29.228.929.62020
129Maldives29.529.230.02020
225Mali16.015.316.72020
35Malta42.341.243.52020
173Marshall Islands23.823.623.92020
188Mauritania21.020.122.02020
80Mauritius36.335.037.62020
132Mexico29.328.230.42020
154Micronesia, Federated States of26.325.527.12020
68Moldova37.736.239.52020
1Monaco55.453.757.02020
126Mongolia29.828.830.72020
54Montenegro39.638.141.12020
88Montserrat34.834.135.62020
137Morocco29.128.729.62020
220Mozambique17.016.317.62020
183Namibia21.821.122.62020
150Nauru27.028.225.92020
161Nepal25.323.926.92020
32Netherlands42.841.644.02020
103New Caledonia32.932.133.72020
73New Zealand37.236.437.92020
148Nicaragua27.326.428.22020
228Niger14.814.515.12020
208Nigeria18.618.418.92020
58North Macedonia39.038.040.02020
105Northern Mariana Islands32.831.834.12020
57Norway39.538.840.22020
155Oman26.227.225.12020
180Pakistan22.021.922.12020
94Palau33.932.935.92020
122Panama30.129.630.52020
171Papua New Guinea24.024.024.02020
128Paraguay29.729.529.92020
138Peru29.128.329.92020
168Philippines24.123.624.62020
39Poland41.940.343.62020
13Portugal44.642.746.52020
25Puerto Rico43.641.645.32020
96Qatar33.735.028.22020
34Romania42.541.044.02020
52Russia40.337.543.22020
200Rwanda19.718.920.42020
8Saint Barthelemy45.645.545.82020
30Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha43.243.243.32020
79Saint Kitts and Nevis36.536.736.32020
75Saint Lucia36.935.738.02020
100Saint Martin33.332.534.12020
3Saint Pierre and Miquelon48.547.949.02020
86Saint Vincent and the Grenadines35.335.435.12020
159Samoa25.625.326.02020
10San Marino45.243.946.32020
205Sao Tome and Principe19.318.919.72020
119Saudi Arabia30.833.027.92020
204Senegal19.418.520.32020
26Serbia43.441.745.02020
76Seychelles36.836.337.42020
207Sierra Leone19.118.519.72020
82Singapore35.635.435.72020
46Sint Maarten41.139.642.72020
41Slovakia41.840.143.62020
11Slovenia44.943.446.62020
176Solomon Islands23.523.223.72020
211Somalia18.518.718.32020
142South Africa28.027.928.12020
209South Sudan18.618.918.32020
19Spain43.942.745.12020
97Sri Lanka33.732.335.12020
212Sudan18.318.118.52020
118Suriname31.030.631.42020
47Sweden41.140.142.12020
33Switzerland42.741.743.72020
177Syria23.523.024.02020
36Taiwan42.341.543.12020
162Tajikistan25.324.626.02020
213Tanzania18.217.918.42020
59Thailand39.037.840.12020
201Timor-Leste19.618.920.22020
197Togo20.019.720.32020
169Tonga24.123.624.52020
67Trinidad and Tobago37.837.338.32020
107Tunisia32.732.033.32020
111Turkey32.231.732.82020
135Turkmenistan29.228.729.72020
90Turks and Caicos Islands34.634.934.42020
152Tuvalu26.625.627.62020
227Uganda15.714.916.52020
45Ukraine41.238.244.32020
63United Arab Emirates38.440.431.52020
50United Kingdom40.639.641.72020
61United States38.537.239.82020
85Uruguay35.533.837.32020
123Uzbekistan30.129.430.72020
179Vanuatu23.022.623.52020
124Venezuela30.029.430.72020
112Vietnam31.930.833.02020
42Virgin Islands41.840.642.82020
93Wallis and Futuna34.033.135.12020
181West Bank21.921.722.22020
184Western Sahara21.821.422.32020
199Yemen19.819.619.9
221Zambia16.916.717.02020
190Zimbabwe20.520.320.62020