List of countries by fertility rate

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
The World Factbook
Date20 Apr 2020

The total fertility rate (TFR) or often simply ‘fertility rate’ in a specific year is defined as the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in alignment with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates.

Niger has the highest fertility rate of 6.95 children per woman followed by Somalia at 6.12. 11 countries/regions have TFR above 5. 40 countries/territories have fertility rate over 4 in which first 22 and total 37 belong to Africa. Afghanistan, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste are the remaining three.

Out of 201 countries and dependent territories estimated by UN, 109 have fertility rate more than population replacement level of 2.1 births per woman. Replacement fertility is the total fertility rate at which women give birth to enough babies to sustain population levels.

First 4 entrants having lowest fertility rate in Asia : Republic of Korea (1.11), Taiwan (1.15), Macao (1.20) and Singapore (1.21). Puerto Rico, which is located in North America has 5th lowest figure followed by five European country.

Countries with higher fertility rate tend to have lower median age and higher population growth rate. In the list of top 50 countries by higher fertility rate, all have median age below 23 years and only one has population growth rate below 1% and 8 have below 2%. In the list of top 50 countries by lowest fertility rate, only two have median age less than 35 years and only three have population growth rate over 1%.

countries by fertility rate

Fertility rate (UN)

Code Rank Country/Region Fertility rate Median age Population Continent
2015-20Years (2020)2020Growth (%)
BDI7Burundi5.4517.32012,255,4293.07Africa
COM35Comoros4.2420.370888,4562.17Africa
DJI74Djibouti2.7626.5701,002,1971.44Africa
ERI38Eritrea4.1019.2093,601,4621.55Africa
ETH33Ethiopia4.3019.466117,876,2262.53Africa
KEN54Kenya3.5220.11954,985,7022.26Africa
MDG36Madagascar4.1119.56828,427,3332.66Africa
MWI34Malawi4.2518.08019,647,6812.71Africa
MUS187Mauritius1.3937.4571,273,4280.13Africa
MYT45Mayotte3.7320.073279,5072.45Africa
MOZ13Mozambique4.8917.62032,163,0452.90Africa
REU99Réunion2.2735.895901,6960.71Africa
RWA39Rwanda4.1020.03913,276,5172.50Africa
SYC82Seychelles2.4634.18198,9100.58Africa
SOM2Somalia6.1216.68316,359,5002.93Africa
SSD17South Sudan4.7419.04011,381,3771.68Africa
UGA11Uganda5.0116.73347,123,5333.02Africa
TZA12United Republic of Tanzania4.9217.99261,498,4382.95Africa
ZMB19Zambia4.6617.59218,920,6572.92Africa
ZWE48Zimbabwe3.6318.66815,092,1711.54Africa
AGO6Angola5.5516.67733,933,6113.25Africa
CMR21Cameroon4.6018.68827,224,2622.56Africa
CAF15Central African Republic4.7517.6114,919,9871.87Africa
TCD5Chad5.8016.55416,914,9852.98Africa
COG26Congo4.4519.2045,657,0172.52Africa
COD3Democratic Republic of the Congo5.9616.98892,377,9863.14Africa
GNQ24Equatorial Guinea4.5522.3351,449,8913.34Africa
GAB40Gabon4.0022.5112,278,8292.39Africa
STP29Sao Tome and Principe4.3518.612223,3641.92Africa
BWA68Botswana2.8924.0442,397,2401.94Africa
SWZ62Eswatini3.0320.7291,172,3691.05Africa
LSO58Lesotho3.1624.0102,159,0670.78Africa
NAM55Namibia3.4221.8322,587,3441.83Africa
ZAF89South Africa2.4127.62160,041,9961.24Africa
BEN14Benin4.8718.78112,451,0312.70Africa
BFA10Burkina Faso5.2317.55121,497,0972.84Africa
CPV96Cabo Verde2.2927.604561,9011.06Africa
CIV18Côte d'Ivoire4.6818.85427,053,6292.56Africa
GMB9Gambia5.2517.8442,486,9372.91Africa
GHA42Ghana3.8921.50731,732,1282.12Africa
GIN16Guinea4.7418.02013,497,2372.78Africa
GNB25Guinea-Bissau4.5118.8332,015,4902.41Africa
LBR31Liberia4.3519.4115,180,2082.42Africa
MLI4Mali5.9216.34720,855,7242.99Africa
MRT22Mauritania4.5920.1144,775,1102.70Africa
NER1Niger6.9515.15125,130,8103.82Africa
NGA8Nigeria5.4218.064211,400,7042.55Africa
SEN20Senegal4.6518.51417,196,3082.70Africa
SLE32Sierra Leone4.3219.4028,141,3432.06Africa
TGO30Togo4.3519.3508,478,2422.41Africa
DZA60Algeria3.0528.52144,616,6261.75Africa
EGY57Egypt3.3324.606104,258,3271.88Africa
LBY101Libya2.2528.8176,958,5381.27Africa
MAR87Morocco2.4229.53837,344,7871.18Africa
SDN28Sudan4.4319.65944,909,3512.42Africa
TUN104Tunisia2.2032.83511,935,7640.99Africa
ESH90Western Sahara2.4128.424611,8722.43Africa
ARM145Armenia1.7635.3742,968,1280.17Asia
AZE112Azerbaijan2.0832.33310,223,3440.83Asia
BHR120Bahrain2.0032.4561,748,2952.75Asia
CYP189Cyprus1.3437.2501,215,5880.68Asia
GEO115Georgia2.0638.2683,979,773-0.24Asia
IRQ46Iraq3.6821.04041,179,3512.38Asia
ISR61Israel3.0430.4848,789,7761.55Asia
JOR72Jordan2.7723.77110,269,0220.65Asia
KWT109Kuwait2.1036.7814,328,5531.36Asia
LBN110Lebanon2.0929.5636,769,151-0.82Asia
OMN65Oman2.9330.6045,223,3762.29Asia
QAT134Qatar1.8832.2642,930,5241.72Asia
SAU92Saudi Arabia2.3431.79735,340,6801.51Asia
PSE47State of Palestine3.6720.7695,222,7562.38Asia
SYR69Syrian Arab Republic2.8425.62118,275,7044.43Asia
TUR111Turkey2.0831.54985,042,7360.83Asia
ARE185United Arab Emirates1.4232.6219,991,0831.02Asia
YEM43Yemen3.8420.22130,490,6392.23Asia
KAZ73Kazakhstan2.7630.68218,994,9581.16Asia
KGZ63Kyrgyzstan3.0026.0346,628,3471.60Asia
TJK49Tajikistan3.6122.4169,749,6252.22Asia
TKM70Turkmenistan2.7926.9376,117,9331.44Asia
UZB85Uzbekistan2.4327.80933,935,7651.39Asia
AFG23Afghanistan4.5618.43839,835,4282.33Asia
BGD118Bangladesh2.0527.567166,303,4940.98Asia
BTN121Bhutan2.0028.144779,9001.07Asia
IND102India2.2428.4261,393,409,0330.97Asia
IRN107Iran (Islamic Republic of)2.1531.97285,028,7601.23Asia
MDV133Maldives1.8829.906543,6200.57Asia
NPL127Nepal1.9324.63329,674,9201.85Asia
PAK53Pakistan3.5522.782225,199,9291.95Asia
LKA103Sri Lanka2.2133.95021,497,3060.39Asia
CHN156China1.6938.4221,444,216,1020.34Asia
HKG191China, Hong Kong SAR1.3344.7907,552,8000.74Asia
MAC199China, Macao SAR1.2039.267658,3911.39Asia
TWN200China, Taiwan Province of China1.1542.45523,855,0080.16Asia
PRK128Dem. People's Republic of Korea1.9135.33825,887,0450.42Asia
JPN188Japan1.3748.358126,050,796-0.34Asia
MNG66Mongolia2.9028.1813,329,2821.56Asia
KOR201Republic of Korea1.1143.73451,305,1840.07Asia
BRN135Brunei Darussalam1.8532.308441,5320.93Asia
KHM78Cambodia2.5225.63116,946,4461.36Asia
IDN95Indonesia2.3229.744276,361,7881.04Asia
LAO76Lao People's Democratic Republic2.7024.3707,379,3581.43Asia
MYS119Malaysia2.0130.26232,776,1951.27Asia
MMR105Myanmar2.1728.98354,806,0140.73Asia
PHL77Philippines2.5825.687111,046,9101.34Asia
SGP198Singapore1.2142.2265,896,6840.79Asia
THA173Thailand1.5340.10269,950,8440.22Asia
TLS37Timor-Leste4.1020.7951,343,8751.93Asia
VNM114Viet Nam2.0632.49098,168,8290.85Asia
ATG122Antigua and Barbuda2.0033.97698,7280.82North America
ABW129Aruba1.9041.034107,1950.40North America
BHS148Bahamas1.7632.250396,9140.93North America
BRB163Barbados1.6240.493287,7080.12North America
CUB164Cuba1.6242.21111,317,498-0.08North America
CUW147Curaçao1.7641.561164,7960.42North America
DOM91Dominican Republic2.3628.00210,953,7140.98North America
GRD113Grenada2.0731.982113,0150.44North America
GLP106Guadeloupe2.1743.698400,013-0.03North America
HTI64Haiti2.9624.00811,541,6831.22North America
JAM123Jamaica1.9930.7252,973,4620.42North America
MTQ132Martinique1.8847.032374,743-0.14North America
PRI197Puerto Rico1.2244.4672,828,246-1.14North America
LCA184Saint Lucia1.4434.495184,4010.42North America
VCT130Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1.9032.894111,2690.29North America
TTO152Trinidad and Tobago1.7336.1761,403,3740.28North America
VIR117United States Virgin Islands2.0542.583104,218-0.20North America
BLZ94Belize2.3225.482404,9151.83North America
CRI146Costa Rica1.7633.4625,139,0530.88North America
SLV116El Salvador2.0527.5526,518,5000.50North America
GTM67Guatemala2.9022.88118,249,8681.87North America
HND79Honduras2.4924.34410,062,9941.60North America
MEX108Mexico2.1429.171130,262,2201.03North America
NIC88Nicaragua2.4226.4646,702,3791.17North America
PAN81Panama2.4729.6774,381,5831.55North America
ARG100Argentina2.2731.53245,605,8230.91South America
BOL75Bolivia (Plurinational State of)2.7525.56011,832,9361.37South America
BRA151Brazil1.7433.481213,993,4410.67South America
CHL160Chile1.6535.33919,212,3620.50South America
COL140Colombia1.8231.30751,265,8410.75South America
ECU84Ecuador2.4427.93017,888,4741.39South America
GUF56French Guiana3.3625.081306,4502.60South America
GUY80Guyana2.4726.687790,3290.48South America
PRY83Paraguay2.4526.3087,219,6411.22South America
PER98Peru2.2730.98433,359,4161.18South America
SUR86Suriname2.4328.988591,7980.88South America
URY124Uruguay1.9835.7603,485,1520.33South America
VEN97Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)2.2829.59228,704,9470.95South America
AUS139Australia1.8337.87525,788,2171.13Oceania
NZL131New Zealand1.9037.9734,860,6420.80Oceania
FJI71Fiji2.7927.930902,8990.72Oceania
NCL125New Caledonia1.9733.616288,2170.95Oceania
PNG50Papua New Guinea3.5922.4229,119,0051.92Oceania
SLB27Solomon Islands4.4419.889703,9952.49Oceania
VUT44Vanuatu3.8021.112314,4642.38Oceania
GUM93Guam2.3231.373170,1840.83Oceania
KIR51Kiribati3.5823.040121,3881.63Oceania
FSM59Micronesia (Fed. States of)3.0824.362116,2551.07Oceania
PYF126French Polynesia1.9533.596282,5340.58Oceania
WSM41Samoa3.9021.835200,1440.87Oceania
TON52Tonga3.5822.415106,7591.00Oceania
BLR154Belarus1.7140.3359,442,867-0.07Europe
BGR169Bulgaria1.5644.5966,896,655-0.75Europe
CZE161Czechia1.6443.20310,724,5530.15Europe
HUN178Hungary1.4943.3369,634,162-0.27Europe
POL186Poland1.4241.67837,797,000-0.13Europe
MDA196Republic of Moldova1.2637.5974,024,025-0.25Europe
ROU165Romania1.6243.17119,127,772-0.57Europe
RUS141Russian Federation1.8239.586145,912,022-0.02Europe
SVK176Slovakia1.5041.2495,460,7260.02Europe
UKR183Ukraine1.4441.17843,466,822-0.61Europe
JEY/GGY175Channel Islands1.5042.552175,2440.80Europe
DNK144Denmark1.7642.2985,813,3020.36Europe
EST168Estonia1.5942.4241,325,188-0.10Europe
FIN172Finland1.5343.1285,548,3610.14Europe
ISL143Iceland1.7737.491343,3600.62Europe
IRL138Ireland1.8438.2464,982,9040.91Europe
LVA153Latvia1.7243.9411,866,934-1.02Europe
LTU158Lithuania1.6745.0512,689,862-1.19Europe
NOR157Norway1.6839.8365,465,6290.82Europe
SWE136Sweden1.8541.07810,160,1590.60Europe
GBR149United Kingdom1.7540.46768,207,1140.47Europe
ALB162Albania1.6236.3992,872,934-0.17Europe
BIH195Bosnia and Herzegovina1.2743.1083,263,459-0.53Europe
HRV181Croatia1.4544.2914,081,657-0.58Europe
GRC193Greece1.3045.55010,370,747-0.50Europe
ITA192Italy1.3347.28860,367,471-0.16Europe
MLT182Malta1.4542.596442,7900.28Europe
MNE150Montenegro1.7538.800628,051-0.00Europe
MKD177North Macedonia1.5039.1382,082,662-0.03Europe
PRT194Portugal1.2946.15810,167,923-0.28Europe
SRB179Serbia1.4641.5758,697,547-0.46Europe
SVN166Slovenia1.6044.5392,078,723-0.01Europe
ESP190Spain1.3344.85846,745,211-0.02Europe
AUT174Austria1.5343.4839,043,0720.41Europe
BEL155Belgium1.7141.92811,632,3340.37Europe
FRA137France1.8542.33865,426,1770.23Europe
DEU167Germany1.5945.74483,900,4710.14Europe
LUX180Luxembourg1.4539.729634,8141.41Europe
NLD159Netherlands1.6643.31417,173,0940.22Europe
CHE170Switzerland1.5443.0538,715,4940.70Europe
CAN171Canada1.5341.12438,067,9130.86North America
USA142United States of America1.7838.308332,915,0740.58North America
World 2.47 30.904 7,874,965,732 1.05

Fertility rate (The World Factbook)

Rank Country/Region Fertility rate Year
1Niger7.00(2020 est.)
2Angola5.96(2020 est.)
3Congo, Democratic Republic Of The5.77(2020 est.)
4Mali5.72(2020 est.)
5Chad5.68(2020 est.)
6Uganda5.54(2020 est.)
7South Sudan5.54(2020 est.)
8Benin5.53(2020 est.)
9Somalia5.51(2020 est.)
10Zambia5.49(2020 est.)
11Malawi5.31(2020 est.)
12Burundi5.28(2020 est.)
13Mozambique4.97(2020 est.)
14Guinea4.92(2020 est.)
15Liberia4.90(2020 est.)
16Afghanistan4.82(2020 est.)
17Guinea-bissau4.75(2020 est.)
18Nigeria4.72(2020 est.)
19Sudan4.72(2020 est.)
20Cameroon4.66(2020 est.)
21Sierra Leone4.62(2020 est.)
22Tanzania4.59(2020 est.)
23Burkina Faso4.51(2020 est.)
24Congo, Republic Of The4.45(2020 est.)
25Timor-leste4.44(2020 est.)
26Togo4.22(2020 est.)
27Ethiopia4.14(2020 est.)
28Central African Republic4.14(2020 est.)
29Equatorial Guinea4.11(2020 est.)
30Senegal4.04(2020 est.)
31Zimbabwe3.93(2020 est.)
32Ghana3.90(2020 est.)
33Sao Tome And Principe3.82(2020 est.)
34Madagascar3.78(2020 est.)
35Eritrea3.73(2020 est.)
36Cote D'ivoire3.67(2020 est.)
37Western Sahara3.65(2020 est.)
38Mauritania3.65(2020 est.)
39Gaza Strip3.64(2020 est.)
40Pakistan3.60(2020 est.)
41Rwanda3.52(2020 est.)
42Kenya3.43(2020 est.)
43Gabon3.41(2020 est.)
44Iraq3.39(2020 est.)
45Egypt3.29(2020 est.)
46Gambia, The3.21(2020 est.)
47Yemen3.20(2020 est.)
48Libya3.17(2020 est.)
49Namibia3.07(2020 est.)
50West Bank3.07(2020 est.)
51Jordan3.04(2020 est.)
52Solomon Islands2.97(2020 est.)
53Comoros2.95(2020 est.)
54Philippines2.92(2020 est.)
55Syria2.90(2020 est.)
56Tuvalu2.88(2020 est.)
57Tonga2.87(2020 est.)
58Marshall Islands2.86(2020 est.)
59Papua New Guinea2.84(2020 est.)
60Guam2.84(2020 est.)
61Vanuatu2.79(2020 est.)
62Oman2.76(2020 est.)
63Guatemala2.72(2020 est.)
64Belize2.70(2020 est.)
65Northern Mariana Islands2.70(2020 est.)
66Nauru2.68(2020 est.)
67Israel2.59(2020 est.)
68Algeria2.59(2020 est.)
69Kyrgyzstan2.54(2020 est.)
70Laos2.53(2020 est.)
71Eswatini2.52(2020 est.)
72Haiti2.52(2020 est.)
73Tajikistan2.51(2020 est.)
74Lesotho2.50(2020 est.)
75Samoa2.50(2020 est.)
76Bolivia2.48(2020 est.)
77Botswana2.45(2020 est.)
78Malaysia2.43(2020 est.)
79Cambodia2.39(2020 est.)
80India2.35(2020 est.)
81American Samoa2.35(2020 est.)
82Faroe Islands2.31(2020 est.)
83Morocco2.31(2020 est.)
84Fiji2.31(2020 est.)
85Micronesia, Federated States Of2.29(2020 est.)
86Kuwait2.26(2020 est.)
87Venezuela2.26(2020 est.)
88Kiribati2.25(2020 est.)
89Dominican Republic2.24(2020 est.)
90Panama2.23(2020 est.)
91South Africa2.22(2020 est.)
92Argentina2.21(2020 est.)
93Mexico2.19(2020 est.)
94Djibouti2.19(2020 est.)
95Kazakhstan2.16(2020 est.)
96Cabo Verde2.16(2020 est.)
97Cook Islands2.12(2020 est.)
98Bangladesh2.11(2020 est.)
99El Salvador2.09(2020 est.)
100Ecuador2.09(2020 est.)
101Honduras2.09(2020 est.)
102Burma2.07(2020 est.)
103Jamaica2.07(2020 est.)
104Tunisia2.06(2020 est.)
105France2.06(2020 est.)
106Peru2.04(2020 est.)
107Indonesia2.04(2020 est.)
108Turkmenistan2.04(2020 est.)
109Virgin Islands2.03(2020 est.)
110Sint Maarten2.02(2020 est.)
111Dominica2.02(2020 est.)
112Sri Lanka2.01(2020 est.)
113Curacao2.00(2020 est.)
114Antigua And Barbuda1.97(2020 est.)
115Iceland1.97(2020 est.)
116Grenada1.96(2020 est.)
117Turkey1.96(2020 est.)
118Nepal1.96(2020 est.)
119Kosovo1.95(2020 est.)
120Mongolia1.95(2020 est.)
121Saudi Arabia1.95(2020 est.)
122Iran1.94(2020 est.)
123Greenland1.94(2020 est.)
124Ireland1.94(2020 est.)
125Colombia1.94(2020 est.)
126Korea, North1.92(2020 est.)
127Bahamas, The1.92(2020 est.)
128Bermuda1.91(2020 est.)
129Isle Of Man1.90(2020 est.)
130Gibraltar1.90(2020 est.)
131Guyana1.89(2020 est.)
132Paraguay1.89(2020 est.)
133Azerbaijan1.88(2020 est.)
134Qatar1.88(2020 est.)
135New Caledonia1.88(2020 est.)
136Costa Rica1.87(2020 est.)
137New Zealand1.87(2020 est.)
138Sweden1.87(2020 est.)
139United Kingdom1.86(2020 est.)
140Suriname1.86(2020 est.)
141United States1.84(2020 est.)
142Norway1.84(2020 est.)
143Cayman Islands1.83(2020 est.)
144French Polynesia1.83(2020 est.)
145Aruba1.83(2020 est.)
146Seychelles1.83(2020 est.)
147Montenegro1.82(2020 est.)
148Nicaragua1.82(2020 est.)
149Bhutan1.82(2020 est.)
150Saint Martin1.81(2020 est.)
151Denmark1.78(2020 est.)
152Uruguay1.77(2020 est.)
153Chile1.77(2020 est.)
154Belgium1.77(2020 est.)
155Netherlands1.77(2020 est.)
156Vietnam1.77(2020 est.)
157Saint Kitts And Nevis1.77(2020 est.)
158Saint Vincent And The Grenadines1.76(2020 est.)
159Brunei1.75(2020 est.)
160Georgia1.75(2020 est.)
161Uzbekistan1.74(2020 est.)
162Australia1.74(2020 est.)
163Anguilla1.74(2020 est.)
164Finland1.74(2020 est.)
165Mauritius1.73(2020 est.)
166Saint Lucia1.73(2020 est.)
167Brazil1.73(2020 est.)
168United Arab Emirates1.73(2020 est.)
169Cuba1.71(2020 est.)
170Lebanon1.71(2020 est.)
171Wallis And Futuna1.71(2020 est.)
172Maldives1.71(2020 est.)
173Trinidad And Tobago1.70(2020 est.)
174Turks And Caicos Islands1.70(2020 est.)
175Palau1.70(2020 est.)
176Liechtenstein1.69(2020 est.)
177Bahrain1.69(2020 est.)
178Barbados1.68(2020 est.)
179Jersey1.67(2020 est.)
180Armenia1.65(2020 est.)
181Saint Barthelemy1.64(2020 est.)
182Luxembourg1.62(2020 est.)
183Estonia1.61(2020 est.)
184China1.60(2020 est.)
185Russia1.60(2020 est.)
186Lithuania1.60(2020 est.)
187Saint Helena, Ascension, And Tristan Da Cunha1.60(2020 est.)
188Slovenia1.59(2020 est.)
189Moldova1.58(2020 est.)
190Saint Pierre And Miquelon1.58(2020 est.)
191Switzerland1.57(2020 est.)
192Guernsey1.57(2020 est.)
193Canada1.57(2020 est.)
194Ukraine1.56(2020 est.)
195Monaco1.55(2020 est.)
196Thailand1.54(2020 est.)
197Latvia1.53(2020 est.)
198Albania1.53(2020 est.)
199San Marino1.52(2020 est.)
200Spain1.51(2020 est.)
201Belarus1.50(2020 est.)
202North Macedonia1.50(2020 est.)
203Malta1.49(2020 est.)
204Bulgaria1.49(2020 est.)
205Austria1.49(2020 est.)
206Cyprus1.48(2020 est.)
207Czechia1.48(2020 est.)
208Germany1.47(2020 est.)
209Hungary1.47(2020 est.)
210Italy1.47(2020 est.)
211Serbia1.46(2020 est.)
212Slovakia1.44(2020 est.)
213Andorra1.43(2020 est.)
214Japan1.43(2020 est.)
215Croatia1.42(2020 est.)
216Portugal1.41(2020 est.)
217Greece1.38(2020 est.)
218Romania1.38(2020 est.)
219Poland1.38(2020 est.)
220Montserrat1.36(2020 est.)
221Bosnia And Herzegovina1.33(2020 est.)
222British Virgin Islands1.33(2020 est.)
223Korea, South1.29(2020 est.)
224Puerto Rico1.24(2020 est.)
225Hong Kong1.21(2020 est.)
226Taiwan1.14(2020 est.)
227Macau0.96(2020 est.)
228Singapore0.87(2020 est.)
-Christmas Island--
-Cocos (keeling) Islands--
-Falkland Islands (islas Malvinas)--
-Niue--
-Norfolk Island--
-Pitcairn Islands--
-Svalbard--
-Tokelau--