Demographics of Japan

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date04 Nov 2021

As of 2021, the population of Japan is projected at 126.05 million, down by 0.34% compared with 126.48 million in 2020. Japan is ranked 11th in terms of population and 221st in terms of population growth rate.

There are 0.89 million births in Japan in 2021. That is 2,451 per day, which is ranked 34th. The crude birth rate is 7.1 per 1000 people. There are 1.41 million deaths in Japan in 2021. That is 3,852 per day, which is ranked 9th. The crude death rate is 11.16 per 1000 people.

115.85 million people are living in urban areas, which is 91.87% of Japan population. Japan is ranked 29th in terms of urbanization.

The Sex Ratio in Japan in 2021 is 95.38 males per 100 females. There are 61.53 million males and 64.52 million females in Japan. The percentage of female population is 51.18% compare to 48.82% male population. Japan has 2.98 million more females than males. Japan is at 44th position out of 201 countries/territories in terms of female to male ratio.

  • Population
  • Growth rate

Japan population

Year Population Growth (%)
195082,802,084-
195589,018,2551.18
196093,673,6120.96
196598,447,0071.1
1970104,929,2601.38
1975112,413,3621.25
1980117,816,9420.81
1985121,883,4830.57
1990124,505,2430.36
1995126,365,4860.25
2000127,524,1680.16
2005128,326,1150.1
2010128,542,349-0.01
2015127,985,139-0.14
2016127,763,267-0.17
2017127,502,728-0.2
2018127,202,190-0.24
2019126,860,299-0.27
2020126,476,458-0.3
2021126,050,796-0.34
  • Total
  • Crude

Japan death and birth rate

Year Total Crude(per 1000)
DeathBirthCrude deathCrude birth
1950821,1372,264,6039.7926.89
1955740,7831,785,3308.3520.16
1960700,6371,633,6657.4717.41
1965690,5801,735,2597.0017.57
1970695,3341,972,9736.6118.73
1975699,2881,930,9416.2417.27
1980714,2641,630,2466.0713.84
1985753,0601,444,9486.1911.87
1990823,3711,288,4526.6210.35
1995909,4531,209,3657.209.57
2000974,0471,165,6797.649.14
20051,063,3491,124,6678.298.77
20101,197,0271,103,2829.328.59
20151,295,0371,018,32510.127.96
20201,382,991908,91910.947.19
20211,406,016894,58211.167.10
  • Population
  • Urbanization

Urban and rural population of Japan

Year Population Urbanization
UrbanRuralgrowth rate (%)Urban (%)
195044,218,13438,583,950-53.402
195552,005,31937,012,9382.9358.421
196059,269,40834,404,2072.5163.272
196566,812,42231,634,5802.4567.866
197075,417,16329,508,4822.4971.877
197585,121,98727,301,0682.2575.716
198089,755,55328,071,8020.8976.175
198593,507,94428,386,0940.7276.712
199096,298,50728,217,0540.5277.339
199598,593,17827,782,2880.4278.016
2000100,303,71627,230,2180.3278.649
2005110,340,70917,995,0581.6885.978
2010116,741,03411,810,8390.9090.812
2015116,944,42811,030,530-0.0691.381
2020116,099,67210,395,975-0.1991.782
2021115,853,24510,256,230-0.2191.867
  • Population pyramid
  • Gender ratio

Japan population by Age Group (2011)

Age group Male Female Total M per 100 F
PersonsShare (%)
00-04 2,371,478 2,246,941 4,618,419 3.66 105.543
05-09 2,735,920 2,592,847 5,328,767 4.23 105.518
10-14 2,852,012 2,703,576 5,555,588 4.41 105.490
15-19 2,910,288 2,760,707 5,670,995 4.50 105.418
20-24 3,055,583 2,902,711 5,958,294 4.73 105.267
25-29 3,126,557 2,975,407 6,101,964 4.84 105.080
30-34 3,403,747 3,246,252 6,649,999 5.28 104.852
35-39 3,838,958 3,669,195 7,508,153 5.96 104.627
40-44 4,183,095 4,039,898 8,222,993 6.52 103.545
45-49 5,031,371 4,860,865 9,892,236 7.85 103.508
50-54 4,512,628 4,433,053 8,945,681 7.10 101.795
55-59 4,012,836 3,973,843 7,986,679 6.34 100.981
60-64 3,704,016 3,732,011 7,436,027 5.90 99.250
65-69 3,956,396 4,127,682 8,084,078 6.41 95.850
70-74 4,290,099 4,777,644 9,067,743 7.19 89.795
75-79 3,294,396 4,039,080 7,333,476 5.82 81.563
80-84 2,253,756 3,170,067 5,423,823 4.30 71.095
85-89 1,329,000 2,373,054 3,702,054 2.94 56.004
90-94 549,100 1,356,696 1,905,796 1.51 40.473
95-99 112,934 459,914 572,848 0.45 24.555
100+ 10,393 74,790 85,183 0.07 13.896
Total 61,534,563 64,516,233 126,050,796 95.378