Population of Europe

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date02 Oct 2021

As of 1 July 2021, the population of Europe is projected at almost 748 million or 747,747,396 people. Europe is the third-most continent continent behind Asia and Africa. Thirty-nine percent of the European population lives in Eastern Europe, 26 percent in Western Europe, 20 percent in Southern Europe, and 14 percent in Northern Europe. Europe accounts for 9.59 percent of the world population. Its global share has been declining since 21.66% of 1950 and is projected to decline at 5.79% by 2100.

Europe was the second-most populous continent until 1995 before being overtaken by Africa and projected to be surpassed by North America in 2054. The population of Europe is about to peak in the year 2021.

Europe has the lowest population growth rate of 0.01% for 2021, much lower than the 2nd lowest at 0.76% of North America. Europe is the slowest growing continent since 1950 and is expected to remain until 2072 when South America has the lowest figure. The population growth reached a peak in 1954, with an annual growth rate of 1.01%. Northern Europe is the fastest-growing subregion in Europe, followed by Western Europe. Eastern Europe and Southern Europe have a negative growth rate of 0.15%. At the end of the century, Northern Europe will be the only subregion without a declining population. Northern Europe will have more people than Southern Europe onward the year 2071.

Europe will add only 453,275 people in 2020 with Western and Northern regions adding 623,906 and 492,744 people, respectively. Eastern and Southern will have 431,682 and 231,693 people more than that of 2019. The net increase of the population per year peaked in 1962, with almost 6.1 million.

  • Population
  • Growth rate
  • Annual Change
  • Population
  • Growth rate
  • Share (%)

European subregions by population

Rank Subregion Population Share (%) Growth (2021)
20202021EuropeWorldNet changerate (%)
1Eastern Europe293,013,210292,486,60439.123.714-526,606-0.18
2Western Europe196,146,321196,603,23026.292.497456,9090.23
3Southern Europe152,215,243151,945,04220.321.929-270,201-0.18
4Northern Europe106,261,271106,712,52014.271.355451,2490.42
Europe 747,636,045 747,747,396 9.495 111,351 0.01

Historical and Projection

Continent Population Growth rate (%) against 2021
1950200020502100 1950200020502100
Eastern Europe220,170,532303,918,418261,977,179219,456,40932.85-3.76-10.43-24.97
Western Europe142,413,967182,338,670196,901,567189,303,49938.057.820.15-3.71
Southern Europe108,737,324144,846,712136,647,61599,758,35339.744.90-10.07-34.35
Northern Europe78,007,06094,454,236114,959,952121,044,27136.8012.987.7313.43
Europe 549,328,883 725,558,036 710,486,313 629,562,532 36.12 3.06 -4.98 -15.81

Europe population projections

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
2020747,636,026453,2750.069.59
2021747,747,400111,3740.019.50
2022747,543,837-203,563-0.039.40
2023747,089,792-454,045-0.069.30
2024746,481,343-608,449-0.089.21
2025745,791,325-690,018-0.099.11
2026745,041,149-750,176-0.109.02
2027744,219,298-821,851-0.118.93
2028743,326,711-892,587-0.128.84
2029742,355,756-970,955-0.138.76
2030741,302,530-1,053,226-0.148.67
2031740,174,698-1,127,832-0.158.59
2032738,985,064-1,189,634-0.168.51
2033737,739,460-1,245,604-0.178.43
2034736,443,311-1,296,149-0.188.35
2035735,101,276-1,342,035-0.188.27
2036733,717,034-1,384,242-0.198.20
2037732,293,408-1,423,626-0.198.12
2038730,833,134-1,460,274-0.208.05
2039729,338,415-1,494,719-0.207.98
2040727,810,571-1,527,844-0.217.91
2041726,251,517-1,559,054-0.217.84
2042724,661,243-1,590,274-0.227.78
2043723,036,784-1,624,459-0.227.71
2044721,373,845-1,662,939-0.237.65
2045719,668,897-1,704,948-0.247.59
2046717,921,737-1,747,160-0.247.53
2047716,132,525-1,789,212-0.257.47
2048714,298,683-1,833,842-0.267.41
2049712,417,278-1,881,405-0.267.35
2050710,486,313-1,930,965-0.277.30
2051708,506,627-1,979,686-0.287.24
2052706,479,827-2,026,800-0.297.19
2053704,406,049-2,073,778-0.297.14
2054702,285,762-2,120,287-0.307.08
2055700,120,689-2,165,073-0.317.03
2056697,913,487-2,207,202-0.326.98
2057695,668,925-2,244,562-0.326.93
2058693,394,361-2,274,564-0.336.88
2059691,098,657-2,295,704-0.336.83
2060688,790,463-2,308,194-0.336.79
2061686,474,841-2,315,622-0.346.74
2062684,157,670-2,317,171-0.346.69
2063681,848,398-2,309,272-0.346.65
2064679,557,768-2,290,630-0.346.61
2065677,295,014-2,262,754-0.336.56
2066675,066,304-2,228,710-0.336.52
2067672,876,219-2,190,085-0.326.48
2068670,730,289-2,145,930-0.326.45
2069668,633,659-2,096,630-0.316.41
2070666,590,677-2,042,982-0.316.37
2071664,605,148-1,985,529-0.306.34
2072662,679,923-1,925,225-0.296.31
2073660,817,112-1,862,811-0.286.27
2074659,017,943-1,799,169-0.276.24
2075657,283,439-1,734,504-0.266.21
2076655,614,531-1,668,908-0.256.19
2077654,011,592-1,602,939-0.246.16
2078652,473,978-1,537,614-0.246.13
2079651,000,178-1,473,800-0.236.11
2080649,588,723-1,411,455-0.226.09
2081648,237,989-1,350,734-0.216.06
2082646,946,248-1,291,741-0.206.04
2083645,711,057-1,235,191-0.196.02
2084644,529,660-1,181,397-0.186.00
2085643,398,820-1,130,840-0.185.98
2086642,315,964-1,082,856-0.175.97
2087641,277,402-1,038,562-0.165.95
2088640,277,585-999,817-0.165.94
2089639,309,885-967,700-0.155.92
2090638,368,531-941,354-0.155.91
2091637,448,951-919,580-0.145.89
2092636,547,390-901,561-0.145.88
2093635,660,891-886,499-0.145.87
2094634,786,520-874,371-0.145.85
2095633,920,867-865,653-0.145.84
2096633,059,947-860,920-0.145.83
2097632,199,304-860,643-0.145.82
2098631,333,529-865,775-0.145.81
2099630,456,827-876,702-0.145.80
2100629,562,532-894,295-0.145.79

Europe population estimates

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
1950549,328,883--21.66
1951554,324,4694,995,5860.9121.45
1952559,694,2975,369,8280.9721.27
1953565,281,9585,587,6611.0021.11
1954570,969,7255,687,7671.0120.95
1955576,678,7965,709,0711.0020.80
1956582,371,2765,692,4800.9920.63
1957588,048,2555,676,9790.9720.47
1958593,743,3485,695,0930.9720.29
1959599,513,2675,769,9190.9720.12
1960605,406,9805,893,7130.9819.95
1961611,434,0526,027,0721.0019.78
1962617,536,1466,102,0941.0019.60
1963623,575,1826,039,0360.9819.42
1964629,367,0805,791,8980.9319.22
1965634,783,2045,416,1240.8619.01
1966639,761,9804,978,7760.7818.77
1967644,345,4914,583,5110.7218.52
1968648,636,1374,290,6460.6718.26
1969652,789,7084,153,5710.6418.00
1970656,919,3794,129,6710.6317.75
1971661,056,0494,136,6700.6317.51
1972665,163,4654,107,4160.6217.27
1973669,207,9524,044,4870.6117.04
1974673,132,2623,924,3100.5916.81
1975676,895,4673,763,2050.5616.59
1976680,497,6873,602,2200.5316.38
1977683,959,5723,461,8850.5116.17
1978687,285,8593,326,2870.4915.97
1979690,484,9913,199,1320.4715.76
1980693,566,5173,081,5260.4515.56
1981696,513,5002,946,9830.4215.35
1982699,330,0492,816,5490.4015.15
1983702,070,5262,740,4770.3914.94
1984704,807,5012,736,9750.3914.73
1985707,584,2662,776,7650.3914.53
1986710,422,1372,837,8710.4014.32
1987713,279,3532,857,2160.4014.12
1988716,056,6522,777,2990.3913.92
1989718,617,3142,560,6620.3613.72
1990720,858,4502,241,1360.3113.53
1991722,775,9041,917,4540.2713.35
1992724,390,0171,614,1130.2213.17
1993725,656,7581,266,7410.1713.00
1994726,529,420872,6620.1212.83
1995726,994,464465,0440.0612.66
1996727,020,26825,8040.0012.48
1997726,669,467-350,801-0.0512.31
1998726,141,823-527,644-0.0712.13
1999725,705,401-436,422-0.0611.97
2000725,558,036-147,365-0.0211.81
2001725,771,893213,8570.0311.66
2002726,312,045540,1520.0711.53
2003727,134,273822,2280.1111.39
2004728,149,8301,015,5570.1411.27
2005729,287,8461,138,0160.1611.15
2006730,546,8221,258,9760.1711.03
2007731,938,5191,391,6970.1910.91
2008733,416,5011,477,9820.2010.80
2009734,923,3901,506,8890.2110.69
2010736,412,9891,489,5990.2010.59
2011737,850,6751,437,6860.2010.48
2012739,225,1901,374,5150.1910.37
2013740,541,8611,316,6710.1810.27
2014741,818,2911,276,4300.1710.17
2015743,059,0351,240,7440.1710.07
2016744,268,8271,209,7920.169.97
2017745,414,7351,145,9080.159.88
2018746,419,4401,004,7050.139.78
2019747,182,751763,3110.109.69