Population of Asia

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date02 Oct 2021

As of 1 July 2021, the population of Asia is projected at almost 4.68 billion or 4,680 million or 4,679,660,580 people. Asia is the most populous continent by a massive margin as it has a population of nearly 3.5x of the second-most populous continent Africa. Asia will add 620 mn more before reaching a peak in 2055, with home to 5.3 billion people. Asia accounts for almost three-fifths percent of the world population. Its global share was maximum in 2000 (60.9%).

The Southern Asia region accounts for over two-fifths percent of the Asian population as it hosts India, the second-most populous country in the world. Eastern Asia accounts for 36% as it hosts China, the most populous country in the world. These two regions together account for 78% of the continent’s population. Southern Asia overtook Eastern Asia in 2004 to become the most populous subregion in the world. Fourteen percent of the Asian population lives in South-Eastern Asia, 6 percent in Western Asia, and 1.6 percent in Central Asia.

Asia has the 3rd highest population growth rate of 0.83% for 2020, below Africa and Oceania. Western Asia is the fastest-growing subregion in Asia, followed by Central Asia. Eastern Asia has the slowest growth rate and is the only sub-region projected a negative growth rate until the year 2050. At the end of the century, all subregions will have a declining population. The population growth reached a peak in 1968, with an annual growth rate of 2.53%.

Asia is the top contributor to the total world population increment accounting for almost half of the world’s overall population increase in 2021. Asia will add 39 million people in 2020, which is near the population of the 37th ranked Afghanistan. The net increase in the population per year peaked in 1988, with almost 62.4 million.

  • Population
  • Growth rate
  • Annual Change
  • Population
  • Growth rate
  • Share (%)

Asian subregions by population

Rank Subregion Population Share (%) Growth (2021)
20202021AsiaWorldNet changerate (%)
1Southern Asia1,940,369,6051,962,272,39041.9324.91821,902,7851.13
2Eastern Asia1,678,089,6271,682,854,60835.9621.3704,764,9810.28
3South-Eastern Asia668,619,854675,118,47514.438.5736,498,6210.97
4Western Asia279,636,774283,988,4796.073.6064,351,7051.56
5Central Asia74,338,92675,426,6281.610.9581,087,7021.46
Asia 4,641,054,786 4,679,660,580 59.425 38,605,794 0.83

Historical and Projection

Continent Population Growth rate (%) against 2021
1950200020502100 1950200020502100
Southern Asia493,338,5721,456,569,4692,396,166,6612,218,602,385297.7534.7222.1113.06
Eastern Asia677,535,2531,519,781,3091,617,342,0691,222,592,514148.3810.73-3.89-27.35
South-Eastern Asia165,134,097525,007,931794,001,991744,215,097308.8328.5917.6110.23
Western Asia51,451,553184,558,812382,502,228419,082,585451.9553.8734.6947.57
Central Asia17,449,54655,345,860100,250,169114,922,985332.2636.2832.9152.36
Asia 1,404,909,021 3,741,263,381 5,290,263,118 4,719,415,566 233.09 25.08 13.05 0.85

Asia population projections

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
20204,641,054,77539,683,5770.8659.54
20214,679,660,60838,605,8330.8359.42
20224,717,155,61837,495,0100.8059.31
20234,753,500,61536,344,9970.7759.18
20244,788,666,02335,165,4080.7459.06
20254,822,629,45533,963,4320.7158.92
20264,855,356,53532,727,0800.6858.79
20274,886,832,96831,476,4330.6558.64
20284,917,085,93230,252,9640.6258.50
20294,946,161,28629,075,3540.5958.34
20304,974,091,86127,930,5750.5658.19
20315,000,885,47226,793,6110.5458.03
20325,026,527,15925,641,6870.5157.86
20335,051,001,34624,474,1870.4957.69
20345,074,284,66523,283,3190.4657.52
20355,096,362,03522,077,3700.4457.34
20365,117,232,04020,870,0050.4157.16
20375,136,907,03719,674,9970.3856.98
20385,155,403,50018,496,4630.3656.79
20395,172,744,31317,340,8130.3456.60
20405,188,948,60716,204,2940.3156.41
20415,204,026,72415,078,1170.2956.21
20425,217,983,42113,956,6970.2756.01
20435,230,825,99312,842,5720.2555.81
20445,242,560,71211,734,7190.2255.61
20455,253,195,09510,634,3830.2055.40
20465,262,739,7529,544,6570.1855.19
20475,271,207,0888,467,3360.1654.98
20485,278,608,5997,401,5110.1454.77
20495,284,956,4066,347,8070.1254.56
20505,290,263,1185,306,7120.1054.34
20515,294,545,4144,282,2960.0854.13
20525,297,817,6513,272,2370.0653.91
20535,300,088,1272,270,4760.0453.69
20545,301,363,1871,275,0600.0253.46
20555,301,654,555291,3680.0153.24
20565,300,977,362-677,193-0.0153.01
20575,299,356,978-1,620,384-0.0352.79
20585,296,827,272-2,529,706-0.0552.56
20595,293,428,002-3,399,270-0.0652.33
20605,289,195,366-4,232,636-0.0852.10
20615,284,156,153-5,039,213-0.1051.87
20625,278,331,875-5,824,278-0.1151.64
20635,271,747,182-6,584,693-0.1251.41
20645,264,425,863-7,321,319-0.1451.18
20655,256,392,144-8,033,719-0.1550.94
20665,247,672,454-8,719,690-0.1750.71
20675,238,293,585-9,378,869-0.1850.48
20685,228,280,835-10,012,750-0.1950.25
20695,217,659,397-10,621,438-0.2050.01
20705,206,454,925-11,204,472-0.2149.78
20715,194,692,652-11,762,273-0.2349.55
20725,182,399,497-12,293,155-0.2449.31
20735,169,604,559-12,794,938-0.2549.08
20745,156,337,896-13,266,663-0.2648.85
20755,142,628,526-13,709,370-0.2748.62
20765,128,503,474-14,125,052-0.2748.39
20775,113,987,516-14,515,958-0.2848.16
20785,099,104,443-14,883,073-0.2947.93
20795,083,876,708-15,227,735-0.3047.71
20805,068,327,619-15,549,089-0.3147.48
20815,052,476,697-15,850,922-0.3147.26
20825,036,348,983-16,127,714-0.3247.04
20835,019,979,334-16,369,649-0.3346.82
20845,003,406,715-16,572,619-0.3346.60
20854,986,662,736-16,743,979-0.3346.39
20864,969,766,555-16,896,181-0.3446.17
20874,952,727,746-17,038,809-0.3445.96
20884,935,556,031-17,171,715-0.3545.75
20894,918,256,537-17,299,494-0.3545.54
20904,900,833,030-17,423,507-0.3545.34
20914,883,288,525-17,544,505-0.3645.13
20924,865,625,336-17,663,189-0.3644.93
20934,847,843,747-17,781,589-0.3744.73
20944,829,941,609-17,902,138-0.3744.54
20954,811,913,439-18,028,170-0.3744.34
20964,793,749,721-18,163,718-0.3844.15
20974,775,437,217-18,312,504-0.3843.96
20984,756,958,794-18,478,423-0.3943.77
20994,738,293,263-18,665,531-0.3943.58
21004,719,415,566-18,877,697-0.4043.40

Asia population estimates

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
19501,404,909,021--55.39
19511,435,819,06730,910,0462.2055.57
19521,464,833,76029,014,6932.0255.68
19531,492,894,87228,061,1121.9255.75
19541,520,767,93827,873,0661.8755.81
19551,549,041,89528,273,9571.8655.86
19561,578,122,05429,080,1591.8855.91
19571,608,237,03030,114,9761.9155.97
19581,639,460,81831,223,7881.9456.04
19591,671,747,88032,287,0621.9756.11
19601,705,041,05133,293,1711.9956.18
19611,739,385,80134,344,7502.0156.26
19621,775,030,78235,644,9812.0556.34
19631,812,470,34437,439,5622.1156.45
19641,852,323,18739,852,8432.2056.58
19651,894,974,28442,651,0972.3056.74
19661,940,602,02745,627,7432.4156.94
19671,988,923,11048,321,0832.4957.17
19682,039,270,14850,347,0382.5357.42
19692,090,702,36451,432,2162.5257.66
19702,142,480,33051,777,9662.4857.90
19712,194,450,64651,970,3162.4358.12
19722,246,636,23052,185,5842.3858.33
19732,298,696,33252,060,1022.3258.52
19742,350,279,04251,582,7102.2458.70
19752,401,171,44050,892,3982.1758.86
19762,451,184,27450,012,8342.0859.00
19772,500,443,57949,259,3052.0159.12
19782,549,465,80749,022,2281.9659.23
19792,598,988,40749,522,6001.9459.33
19802,649,578,30050,589,8931.9559.43
19812,701,224,92851,646,6281.9559.54
19822,753,837,77652,612,8481.9559.64
19832,807,785,26553,947,4891.9659.75
19842,863,496,81555,711,5501.9859.86
19852,921,173,17657,676,3612.0159.97
19862,981,063,99159,890,8152.0560.10
19873,042,805,91861,741,9272.0760.22
19883,105,220,22862,414,3102.0560.35
19893,166,706,01961,485,7911.9860.46
19903,226,098,96259,392,9431.8860.56
19913,282,945,34856,846,3861.7660.63
19923,337,511,55554,566,2071.6660.69
19933,390,245,39152,733,8361.5860.74
19943,441,912,70051,667,3091.5260.78
19953,493,086,98351,174,2831.4960.81
19963,543,851,28350,764,3001.4560.84
19973,594,032,74050,181,4571.4260.86
19983,643,662,91049,630,1701.3860.88
19993,692,736,09949,073,1891.3560.89
20003,741,263,38148,527,2821.3160.90
20013,789,285,35548,021,9741.2860.90
20023,836,880,32547,594,9701.2660.89
20033,884,134,53147,254,2061.2360.87
20043,931,146,49947,011,9681.2160.84
20053,977,986,50246,840,0031.1960.81
20064,024,679,89946,693,3971.1760.76
20074,071,214,92446,535,0251.1660.71
20084,117,572,14246,357,2181.1460.65
20094,163,712,83546,140,6931.1260.58
20104,209,593,69345,880,8581.1060.51
20114,255,189,67845,595,9851.0860.43
20124,300,462,19245,272,5141.0660.35
20134,345,331,30644,869,1141.0460.26
20144,389,699,47344,368,1671.0260.17
20154,433,475,35843,775,8851.0060.08
20164,476,607,85343,132,4950.9759.98
20174,519,040,02742,432,1740.9559.87
20184,560,667,10841,627,0810.9259.76
20194,601,371,19840,704,0900.8959.65