Population of Africa

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date02 Oct 2021

As of 1 July 2021, the population of Africa is projected close to 1.37 billion or 1373 million or 1,373,486,472 people. Africa has been the second-most continent continent behind Asia since the year 1996 after overtaking Europe. Africa had crossed one billion milestones in 2010 and will have more than 4 billion people by the end of the century as per projection. Africa's share of the world population increased from 9 percent in 1950 to the current estimate of 17.2 percent in 2021 and is projected to reach nearly 39.4 percent in 2100.

The Eastern Africa region forms the single largest population block in Africa, followed by the Western Africa region. Eastern Africa accounts for about a third of Africa's population, while the Western Africa region accounts for 30% of Africa. These two regions together account for 63% of the continent's population. Eighteen percent of the African population lives in Northern Africa, 13 percent in Middle Africa, and 5 percent in Southern Africa.

Africa has been the fastest-growing continent by population since the year 1967. The continent's annual population growth rate is very high, at 2.45 percent in 2021, and is projected to remain above 2 percent for the next 20 years. The population growth reached a peak in 1984, with an annual growth rate of 2.87%. Middle Africa is the fastest-growing subregion in Africa, with a growth rate of about 3 percent, followed by Western Africa and Eastern Africa. Southern Africa and Northern Africa are the two regions that have a growth rate below 2%. The population of Africa has increased by 503% since 1950, which is 200% more than the 2nd highest figure in South America at 282%.

Africa will add 33 million people in 2021, which is near to the population of the 45th ranked Malaysia. The net increase in the population per year is projected to peak in 2052, with almost 42 million.

  • Population
  • Growth rate
  • Annual Change
  • Population
  • Growth rate
  • Share (%)

African subregions by population

Rank Subregion Population Share (%) Growth (2021)
20202021AfricaWorldNet changerate (%)
1Eastern Africa445,405,578457,053,26533.285.80411,647,6872.62
2Western Africa401,861,255412,459,99430.035.23810,598,7392.64
3Northern Africa246,232,508250,635,26518.253.1834,402,7571.79
4Middle Africa179,595,125184,979,93213.472.3495,384,8073.00
5Southern Africa67,503,64768,358,0164.980.868854,3691.27
Africa 1,340,598,113 1,373,486,472 17.441 32,888,359 2.45

Historical and Projection

Continent Population Growth rate (%) against 2021
1950200020502100 1950200020502100
Eastern Africa66,144,561257,353,364851,217,7111,451,842,506590.9977.6086.24217.65
Western Africa70,875,188234,748,622796,494,1901,483,795,495481.9575.7093.11259.74
Northern Africa48,787,590171,322,849371,544,555504,857,606413.7346.2948.24101.43
Middle Africa26,453,76596,115,539382,640,435746,060,565599.2692.46106.86303.32
Southern Africa15,533,03251,443,85287,378,56793,570,911340.0832.8827.8236.88
Africa 227,794,136 810,984,226 2,489,275,458 4,280,127,083 502.95 69.36 81.24 211.62

Africa population projections

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
20201,340,598,14732,533,9522.4917.20
20211,373,486,52432,888,3772.4517.44
20221,406,728,74433,242,2202.4217.69
20231,440,353,45833,624,7142.3917.93
20241,474,410,44634,056,9882.3618.18
20251,508,935,21834,524,7722.3418.44
20261,543,926,36234,991,1442.3218.69
20271,579,364,73135,438,3692.3018.95
20281,615,247,40535,882,6742.2719.22
20291,651,568,62536,321,2202.2519.48
20301,688,321,09936,752,4742.2319.75
20311,725,497,93337,176,8342.2020.02
20321,763,089,32037,591,3872.1820.30
20331,801,080,83237,991,5122.1520.57
20341,839,454,86538,374,0332.1320.85
20351,878,193,68538,738,8202.1121.13
20361,917,281,45739,087,7722.0821.42
20371,956,701,77839,420,3212.0621.70
20381,996,434,42839,732,6502.0321.99
20392,036,457,74340,023,3152.0022.28
20402,076,749,52940,291,7861.9822.58
20412,117,291,26240,541,7331.9522.87
20422,158,061,49340,770,2311.9323.17
20432,199,032,02640,970,5331.9023.46
20442,240,171,70341,139,6771.8723.76
20452,281,452,46441,280,7611.8424.06
20462,322,851,73841,399,2741.8124.36
20472,364,351,15541,499,4171.7924.66
20482,405,932,61541,581,4601.7624.96
20492,447,579,61241,646,9971.7325.27
20502,489,275,45841,695,8461.7025.57
20512,531,002,10941,726,6511.6825.87
20522,572,740,34041,738,2311.6526.18
20532,614,471,75941,731,4191.6226.48
20542,656,177,55841,705,7991.6026.79
20552,697,840,39741,662,8391.5727.09
20562,739,441,93041,601,5331.5427.40
20572,780,966,85641,524,9261.5227.70
20582,822,404,18241,437,3261.4928.01
20592,863,744,74941,340,5671.4628.31
20602,904,977,37941,232,6301.4428.62
20612,946,087,85241,110,4731.4228.92
20622,987,058,18840,970,3361.3929.22
20633,027,869,10240,810,9141.3729.53
20643,068,499,82640,630,7241.3429.83
20653,108,930,75040,430,9241.3230.13
20663,149,144,80540,214,0551.2930.43
20673,189,126,82439,982,0191.2730.73
20683,228,861,24439,734,4201.2531.03
20693,268,333,30039,472,0561.2231.33
20703,307,527,59839,194,2981.2031.62
20713,346,427,67638,900,0781.1831.92
20723,385,016,66938,588,9931.1532.21
20733,423,278,51638,261,8471.1332.50
20743,461,197,28337,918,7671.1132.79
20753,498,756,62237,559,3391.0933.08
20763,535,942,17537,185,5531.0633.36
20773,572,737,40036,795,2251.0433.65
20783,609,121,63336,384,2331.0233.93
20793,645,072,66435,951,0311.0034.21
20803,680,570,70035,498,0360.9734.48
20813,715,600,50035,029,8000.9534.76
20823,750,150,66034,550,1600.9335.03
20833,784,210,62234,059,9620.9135.29
20843,817,771,91033,561,2880.8935.56
20853,850,825,83633,053,9260.8735.82
20863,883,362,36632,536,5300.8436.08
20873,915,370,84432,008,4780.8236.33
20883,946,842,07531,471,2310.8036.59
20893,977,767,04030,924,9650.7836.83
20904,008,137,67730,370,6370.7637.08
20914,037,946,84329,809,1660.7437.32
20924,067,188,19629,241,3530.7237.56
20934,095,856,07628,667,8800.7037.80
20944,123,945,80928,089,7330.6938.03
20954,151,452,76327,506,9540.6738.26
20964,178,373,21326,920,4500.6538.48
20974,204,703,62126,330,4080.6338.71
20984,230,441,00625,737,3850.6138.93
20994,255,582,85225,141,8460.5939.14
21004,280,127,08324,544,2310.5839.36

Africa population estimates

Year Population Growth Share (%)
Net Changerate (%)to World
1950227,794,136--8.98
1951232,327,8114,533,6751.998.99
1952237,096,5074,768,6962.059.01
1953242,092,4244,995,9172.119.04
1954247,310,5945,218,1702.169.08
1955252,748,9035,438,3092.209.11
1956258,408,1885,659,2852.249.16
1957264,292,1985,884,0102.289.20
1958270,407,0186,114,8202.319.24
1959276,760,7076,353,6892.359.29
1960283,361,2096,600,5022.389.34
1961290,214,4896,853,2802.429.39
1962297,322,6807,108,1912.459.44
1963304,683,4137,360,7332.489.49
1964312,291,9347,608,5212.509.54
1965320,147,2577,855,3232.529.59
1966328,256,5228,109,2652.539.63
1967336,630,9988,374,4762.559.68
1968345,280,0278,649,0292.579.72
1969354,214,4228,934,3952.599.77
1970363,447,5189,233,0962.619.82
1971372,983,1089,535,5902.629.88
1972382,837,3849,854,2762.649.94
1973393,044,09110,206,7072.6710.01
1974403,645,79510,601,7042.7010.08
1975414,674,68811,028,8932.7310.16
1976426,144,37811,469,6902.7710.26
1977438,054,73311,910,3552.7910.36
1978450,403,80812,349,0752.8210.46
1979463,183,53612,779,7282.8410.57
1980476,386,27313,202,7372.8510.69
1981490,003,89113,617,6182.8610.80
1982504,034,19914,030,3082.8610.92
1983518,479,75314,445,5542.8711.03
1984533,345,17214,865,4192.8711.15
1985548,626,14815,280,9762.8711.26
1986564,327,26015,701,1122.8611.38
1987580,424,36116,097,1012.8511.49
1988596,849,00016,424,6392.8311.60
1989613,512,11016,663,1102.7911.71
1990630,349,63916,837,5292.7411.83
1991647,343,99716,994,3582.7011.96
1992664,512,05517,168,0582.6512.08
1993681,869,28317,357,2282.6112.22
1994699,445,34317,576,0602.5812.35
1995717,270,07817,824,7352.5512.49
1996735,361,11518,091,0372.5212.62
1997753,737,61018,376,4952.5012.76
1998772,437,11318,699,5032.4812.91
1999791,504,16619,067,0532.4713.05
2000810,984,22619,480,0602.4613.20
2001830,902,58519,918,3592.4613.35
2002851,298,40520,395,8202.4513.51
2003872,248,38120,949,9762.4613.67
2004893,842,82121,594,4402.4813.83
2005916,154,28822,311,4672.5014.00
2006939,210,02023,055,7322.5214.18
2007963,021,80223,811,7822.5414.36
2008987,623,49624,601,6942.5514.55
20091,013,045,75425,422,2582.5714.74
20101,039,304,03326,258,2792.5914.94
20111,066,409,70027,105,6672.6115.15
20121,094,343,06727,933,3672.6215.36
20131,123,045,08128,702,0142.6215.57
20141,152,433,62729,388,5462.6215.80
20151,182,438,78430,005,1572.6016.02
20161,213,040,52130,601,7372.5916.25
20171,244,222,26731,181,7462.5716.48
20181,275,920,97231,698,7052.5516.72
20191,308,064,19532,143,2232.5216.96