Population of Africa

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2022)
Date01 Mar 2024

The current population of Africa is 1,496,909,829 as of July 21, 2024, based on interpolation of the latest United Nations data. As of 1 July 2024, the population of Africa is projected to be around 1.49 billion or 1,495 million or 1,494,993,924 people. The total population in Africa is projected close to 1.46 billion or 1,460 million or 1,460,481,772 people in 2023. Africa had crossed one billion milestones in 2010 and will have close to 4 billion people by the end of the century as per projection.

Africa has been the second-most continent behind Asia since the year 1996 after overtaking Europe. Africa's share of the world population increased from 9.1 percent in 1950 to the current estimate of 18.41 percent in 2024 and is projected to reach nearly 37.92 percent in 2100.

The Eastern Africa region forms the single largest population block in Africa, followed by the Western Africa region. Eastern Africa accounts for about a third of Africa's population, while the Western Africa region accounts for 30% of Africa. These two regions together account for 63% of the continent's population. Eighteen percent of the African population lives in Northern Africa, 14 percent in Middle Africa, and 4.7 percent in Southern Africa.

Africa has been the fastest-growing continent by population since the year 1972. The continent's annual population growth rate is very high, at 2.33 percent in 2024, and is projected to remain above 2 percent for the next 20 years. The population growth reached a peak in 1981, with an annual growth rate of 2.96 %. Middle Africa is the fastest-growing subregion in Africa, with a growth rate of above 3 percent, followed by Eastern Africa and Western Africa. Southern Africa and Northern Africa are the two regions that have a growth rate below 2%. The population of Africa has increased by 557 % since 1950, which is 200% more than the 2nd highest figure in South America at 290 %.

Africa will add 35 million people in 2021, which is near to the population of the 45th ranked Mozambique. The net increase in the per year is projected to peak in 2043, with almost 39.33 million.

  • Population
  • Growth rate
  • Annual Change
  • Population
  • Growth rate
  • Share (%)

African subregions by population

Rank Subregion Population Share (%) Growth (2024)
20232024 AfricaWorldNet changerate (%)
1 Jan1 July1 Jan1 July
1Eastern Africa478,953,939485,066,925491,179,911497,385,81633.276.12612,411,8092.50
2Western Africa434,422,071439,868,541445,315,012450,876,83130.165.55311,123,6392.47
3Northern Africa262,083,820264,205,998266,328,177268,459,96117.963.3074,263,5691.59
4Middle Africa199,042,475202,105,149205,167,824208,307,43813.932.5666,279,2273.02
5Southern Africa68,902,04869,235,15869,568,26869,963,8784.680.862791,2191.13
Africa 1,443,404,353 1,460,481,772 1,477,559,192 1,494,993,924 18.414 34,869,463 2.33

Historical and Projection

Continent Population Growth rate (%) against 2021
1950200020502100 1950200020502100
Eastern Africa65,794,236258,473,864846,282,9041,338,985,917655.9792.4370.15169.20
Western Africa70,239,992237,416,079773,342,8021,251,489,475541.9189.9171.52177.57
Northern Africa50,057,402172,317,661373,587,082482,073,168436.3055.7939.1679.57
Middle Africa26,634,41697,355,936406,380,251763,156,297682.10113.9695.09266.36
Southern Africa14,823,21153,388,51885,542,50088,715,758371.9931.0522.2726.80
Africa 227,549,258 818,952,057 2,485,135,539 3,924,420,614 557.00 82.55 66.23 162.50

Africa population projections

Year Population Growth Share (%)
1 Jan1 JulyNet Changerate (%)to World
20221,410,068,2571,426,736,30533,336,0962.33717.89
20231,443,404,3531,460,481,77234,154,8392.33918.15
20241,477,559,1921,494,993,92434,869,4632.33318.41
20251,512,428,6551,530,031,24735,205,1842.30118.68
20261,547,633,8391,565,426,61635,585,5542.27318.94
20271,583,219,3931,601,202,76235,966,7382.24619.21
20281,619,186,1311,637,345,10636,317,9502.21819.48
20291,655,504,0811,673,845,12636,682,0902.19219.75
20301,692,186,1711,710,666,35936,960,3752.16120.02
20311,729,146,5461,747,785,51637,277,9412.13320.29
20321,766,424,4871,785,223,38737,597,7992.10620.56
20331,804,022,2861,822,964,74537,884,9172.07820.84
20341,841,907,2031,861,003,22538,192,0442.05221.11
20351,880,099,2471,899,296,80638,395,1182.02221.39
20361,918,494,3651,937,777,71138,566,6921.99021.67
20371,957,061,0571,976,448,54638,774,9771.96221.95
20381,995,836,0342,015,305,95438,939,8401.93222.22
20392,034,775,8742,054,303,34339,054,9381.90122.50
20402,073,830,8122,093,408,42739,155,2301.87022.78
20412,112,986,0422,132,617,52739,262,9701.84123.06
20422,152,249,0122,171,875,60939,253,1931.80723.34
20432,191,502,2052,211,166,98339,329,5561.77923.62
20442,230,831,7612,250,478,96239,294,4011.74623.90
20452,270,126,1622,289,760,65739,268,9891.71524.19
20462,309,395,1512,328,998,68639,207,0711.68324.47
20472,348,602,2222,368,191,00739,177,5701.65424.75
20482,387,779,7922,407,306,42739,053,2691.62225.03
20492,426,833,0612,446,293,95638,921,7891.59125.31
20502,465,754,8502,485,135,53938,761,3781.56025.59
20512,504,516,2282,523,769,52538,506,5941.52625.88
20522,543,022,8222,562,212,47538,379,3051.49826.16
20532,581,402,1272,600,475,60138,146,9491.46726.44
20542,619,549,0762,638,493,88237,889,6111.43626.73
20552,657,438,6872,676,268,18737,659,0001.40727.01
20562,695,097,6872,713,808,60237,421,8301.37927.29
20572,732,519,5172,751,105,34737,171,6601.35127.58
20582,769,691,1772,788,100,67836,819,0021.32127.86
20592,806,510,1792,824,746,22036,472,0821.29128.14
20602,842,982,2612,861,079,51136,194,5001.26528.42
20612,879,176,7612,897,140,19535,926,8671.24028.70
20622,915,103,6282,932,931,49935,655,7431.21628.97
20632,950,759,3712,968,373,60435,228,4671.18729.25
20642,985,987,8383,003,468,33434,960,9911.16429.53
20653,020,948,8293,038,189,39634,481,1331.13529.80
20663,055,429,9623,072,489,96634,120,0081.11130.07
20673,089,549,9703,106,448,54433,797,1481.08830.34
20683,123,347,1183,140,019,26633,344,2971.06230.60
20693,156,691,4153,173,134,55732,886,2841.03630.87
20703,189,577,6993,205,773,35932,391,3201.01031.13
20713,221,969,0193,237,935,47331,932,9090.98631.39
20723,253,901,9283,269,661,93031,520,0050.96431.65
20733,285,421,9333,300,925,34731,006,8280.93931.91
20743,316,428,7613,331,662,17730,466,8310.91432.16
20753,346,895,5923,361,854,38129,917,5780.89032.42
20763,376,813,1703,391,480,49329,334,6460.86532.67
20773,406,147,8163,420,510,77528,725,9180.84032.91
20783,434,873,7343,449,000,02228,252,5760.81933.16
20793,463,126,3103,476,975,70027,698,7790.79733.41
20803,490,825,0893,504,401,64027,153,1010.77533.65
20813,517,978,1903,531,278,21426,600,0480.75333.89
20823,544,578,2383,557,592,40426,028,3310.73234.13
20833,570,606,5693,583,317,42125,421,7040.70934.37
20843,596,028,2733,608,448,70824,840,8690.68834.60
20853,620,869,1423,632,983,26324,228,2420.66734.83
20863,645,097,3843,656,872,62923,550,4910.64435.06
20873,668,647,8753,680,115,94522,936,1400.62335.28
20883,691,584,0153,702,756,28622,344,5410.60335.50
20893,713,928,5563,724,740,39421,623,6760.58135.72
20903,735,552,2323,746,056,45121,008,4380.56135.94
20913,756,560,6703,766,731,76020,342,1800.54036.15
20923,776,902,8503,786,782,00419,758,3070.52236.36
20933,796,661,1573,806,216,48619,110,6580.50236.56
20943,815,771,8153,825,036,82918,530,0290.48436.77
20953,834,301,8443,843,212,99717,822,3060.46436.97
20963,852,124,1503,860,723,99317,199,6850.44637.16
20973,869,323,8353,877,576,53516,505,3990.42637.36
20983,885,829,2343,893,797,57915,936,6900.40937.55
20993,901,765,9243,909,421,42915,311,0100.39237.73
21003,917,076,9343,924,420,61414,687,3600.37437.92

Africa population estimates

Year Population Growth Share (%)
1 Jan1 JulyNet Changerate (%)to World
1950225,120,311227,549,2584,857,8942.1359.10
1951229,978,205232,483,9955,011,5792.1569.14
1952234,989,784237,586,0605,192,5522.1869.17
1953240,182,336242,837,4485,310,2232.1879.20
1954245,492,559248,244,7715,504,4232.2179.22
1955250,996,982253,847,7285,701,4912.2469.24
1956256,698,473259,631,3825,865,8182.2599.27
1957262,564,291265,515,2325,901,8822.2239.29
1958268,466,173271,429,5575,926,7692.1849.31
1959274,392,942277,648,1876,510,4892.3459.35
1960280,903,431284,287,8566,768,8492.3819.42
1961287,672,280291,177,5577,010,5542.4089.49
1962294,682,834298,334,0537,302,4392.4489.54
1963301,985,273305,755,2257,539,9042.4669.57
1964309,525,177313,465,7027,881,0492.5149.59
1965317,406,226321,446,9868,081,5192.5149.63
1966325,487,745329,658,0418,340,5932.5309.68
1967333,828,338338,159,5948,662,5122.5629.73
1968342,490,850346,980,0098,978,3192.5889.78
1969351,469,169356,070,2479,202,1552.5859.83
1970360,671,324365,450,1089,557,5682.6159.89
1971370,228,892375,085,8559,713,9252.5909.95
1972379,942,817384,930,3929,975,1492.59210.01
1973389,917,966395,212,02110,588,1102.67910.08
1974400,506,076406,068,83611,125,5212.74010.16
1975411,631,597417,556,63011,850,0662.83810.26
1976423,481,663429,572,93912,182,5522.83610.37
1977435,664,215441,701,41112,074,3922.73410.48
1978447,738,607454,462,67913,448,1442.95910.59
1979461,186,751467,975,88413,578,2672.90210.72
1980474,765,018481,542,77313,555,5102.81510.84
1981488,320,528495,655,33614,669,6162.96010.95
1982502,990,144510,540,22915,100,1692.95811.08
1983518,090,313525,335,03114,489,4362.75811.20
1984532,579,749540,182,78315,206,0682.81511.31
1985547,785,817555,652,63015,733,6272.83211.43
1986563,519,444571,646,42616,253,9632.84411.55
1987579,773,407588,079,70616,612,5982.82511.67
1988596,386,005604,511,22616,250,4432.68811.78
1989612,636,448621,167,63517,062,3742.74711.89
1990629,698,822638,157,23616,916,8292.65112.00
1991646,615,651655,040,49316,849,6832.57212.12
1992663,465,334671,931,54816,932,4282.52012.23
1993680,397,762689,139,95817,484,3932.53712.36
1994697,882,155706,488,29417,212,2782.43612.48
1995715,094,433724,331,67018,474,4742.55112.61
1996733,568,907742,764,74818,391,6822.47612.75
1997751,960,589761,224,44418,527,7102.43412.89
1998770,488,299779,908,03518,839,4722.41613.03
1999789,327,771799,099,34019,543,1372.44613.17
2000808,870,908818,952,05720,162,2982.46213.32
2001829,033,206839,463,87120,861,3302.48513.47
2002849,894,536860,611,46121,433,8512.49113.63
2003871,328,387882,349,26222,041,7512.49813.80
2004893,370,138904,781,33522,822,3942.52313.97
2005916,192,532927,898,10023,411,1372.52314.15
2006939,603,669951,740,27224,273,2052.55114.33
2007963,876,874976,461,44425,169,1392.57814.52
2008989,046,0131,001,981,28125,870,5362.58214.71
20091,014,916,5491,028,200,28226,567,4652.58414.91
20101,041,484,0141,055,233,39727,498,7662.60615.11
20111,068,982,7801,082,675,80027,386,0412.53015.31
20121,096,368,8211,110,797,23428,856,8262.59815.51
20131,125,225,6471,140,180,58029,909,8662.62315.73
20141,155,135,5131,170,299,02330,327,0212.59215.95
20151,185,462,5341,201,107,93831,290,8092.60516.17
20161,216,753,3431,232,111,60330,716,5212.49316.40
20171,247,469,8641,263,333,73331,727,7382.51216.62
20181,279,197,6021,295,265,04932,134,8942.48116.86
20191,311,332,4961,327,701,16332,737,3342.46617.10
20201,344,069,8301,360,677,23133,214,8012.44117.35
20211,377,284,6311,393,676,44432,783,6262.35217.62