Demographics of Nepal

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date04 Nov 2021

As of 2021, the population of Nepal is projected at 29.67 million, up by 1.85% compared with 29.14 million in 2020. Nepal is ranked 49th in terms of population and 57th in terms of population growth rate.

There are 0.56 million births in Nepal in 2021. That is 1,537 per day, which is ranked 53rd. The crude birth rate is 18.91 per 1000 people. There are 0.19 million deaths in Nepal in 2021. That is 509 per day, which is ranked 55th. The crude death rate is 6.26 per 1000 people.

6.42 million people are living in urban areas, which is 21.01% of Nepal population. Nepal is ranked 220th in terms of urbanization.

The Sex Ratio in Nepal in 2021 is 85.49 males per 100 females. There are 13.68 million males and 16 million females in Nepal. The percentage of female population is 53.91% compare to 46.09% male population. Nepal has 2.32 million more females than males. Nepal is at 4th position out of 201 countries/territories in terms of female to male ratio.

  • Population
  • Growth rate

Nepal population

Year Population Growth (%)
19508,483,322-
19559,316,9161.72
196010,105,0601.61
196510,972,9121.75
197012,074,6282.03
197513,420,3672.2
198015,016,4082.31
198516,858,3152.31
199018,905,4802.5
199521,576,0742.54
200023,941,0991.83
200525,744,5001.28
201027,013,2070.48
201527,015,0330.41
201627,263,4300.92
201727,632,6821.35
201828,095,7121.68
201928,608,7151.83
202029,136,8081.85
202129,674,9201.85
  • Total
  • Crude

Nepal death and birth rate

Year Total Crude(per 1000)
DeathBirthCrude deathCrude birth
1950238,893417,43527.9348.65
1955263,764435,70628.3246.83
1960275,589453,19427.2544.82
1965273,922477,45724.9043.39
1970270,289516,08922.3342.66
1975271,521569,15520.1742.32
1980270,568627,99617.9741.75
1985261,437681,76515.4840.42
1990244,315731,74312.8438.46
1995223,805775,25510.3935.98
2000203,621752,9228.5231.55
2005189,601670,6427.3626.06
2010182,308607,3806.8222.69
2015178,278571,8086.5020.84
2020183,466562,1196.2919.26
2021185,690560,9456.2618.91
  • Population
  • Urbanization

Urban and rural population of Nepal

Year Population Urbanization
UrbanRuralgrowth rate (%)Urban (%)
1950227,1198,256,206-2.677
1955283,7569,009,7374.383.053
1960350,2309,712,7814.273.480
1965407,89310,505,8312.893.737
1970474,63411,523,2953.183.956
1975643,69512,682,1197.084.830
1980907,69813,994,4657.146.091
19851,235,18015,488,7766.117.386
19901,660,13917,089,2676.258.854
19952,328,50519,067,8796.9610.883
20003,180,50120,560,4106.1413.397
20053,884,13621,756,1513.4115.149
20104,531,33922,491,7983.1116.768
20155,317,79923,338,4833.2718.557
20206,226,23324,034,0113.1820.576
20216,423,99424,154,4423.1821.008
  • Population pyramid
  • Gender ratio

Nepal population by Age Group (2011)

Age group Male Female Total M per 100 F
PersonsShare (%)
00-04 1,389,624 1,318,476 2,708,100 9.13 105.396
05-09 1,377,216 1,359,128 2,736,344 9.22 101.331
10-14 1,446,166 1,437,560 2,883,726 9.72 100.599
15-19 1,569,557 1,557,066 3,126,623 10.54 100.802
20-24 1,564,758 1,683,684 3,248,442 10.95 92.937
25-29 1,236,030 1,575,042 2,811,072 9.47 78.476
30-34 870,362 1,340,127 2,210,489 7.45 64.946
35-39 657,009 1,150,744 1,807,753 6.09 57.094
40-44 625,694 1,019,326 1,645,020 5.54 61.383
45-49 638,518 857,364 1,495,882 5.04 74.475
50-54 600,296 708,009 1,308,305 4.41 84.786
55-59 507,276 579,200 1,086,476 3.66 87.582
60-64 396,564 456,027 852,591 2.87 86.961
65-69 320,531 360,811 681,342 2.30 88.836
70-74 217,671 269,319 486,990 1.64 80.823
75-79 151,760 191,329 343,089 1.16 79.319
80-84 75,626 90,917 166,543 0.56 83.181
85-89 25,302 33,395 58,697 0.20 75.766
90-94 5,964 9,384 15,348 0.05 63.555
95-99 656 1,327 1,983 0.01 49.435
100+ 26 79 105 0.00 32.911
Total 13,676,606 15,998,314 29,674,920 85.488