List of North American countries by population

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date13 Oct 2021

The United States of America is the most populous country in North America, followed by Mexico. These two countries have a total number of humans above 100 mn. 77.6 % North American population population resides in these two countries. Most North American countries/regions have a low population as only eight countries have a population above 10 million, and 26 countries/dependent territories have a population below one million. The least populous country in North America is Saint Kitts and Nevis. Montserrat is the least populous region in North America.

Two North American countries are in the list of the top ten most populous countries globally as it hosts the United States of America and Mexico, the world's 3rd most and 10th most populous countries. The other North American country in the top 50 world population ranking is Canada.

Out of 41 countries/territories, the population of 40 would increase, and eight countries would decrease in 2021 compared to 2020. United States's population would increase by 1.91 mn, followed by Mexico (1.33 mn). Puerto Rico (-33k) is the top decliner, followed by Cuba (-9k).

Guatemala would have the highest population growth rate of 1.87% in 2021. Eleven countries in North America have a growth rate above 1%. None of the countries are on the list of the world's top 50 fastest-growing nations. Puerto Rico would have the lowest population growth rate of -1.14%, which is 3rd lowest in the world.

The ranking of the top three countries will remain the same until 2100. Cuba was at 4th spot in 1950, and it will move down to 9th spot in 2100.

In 1950, Antigua and Barbuda was the least populous country in North America. Now Saint Kitts and Nevis will remain the least populous country until 2100.

  • Population
  • Growth rate (%)
  • Choropleth Map
  • Bubble Map

Population (UN)

Code Country/Region Population Share (%) Rank Growth (2021) Growth Rank
20202021 North AmericaWorldNorth AmericaWorldNet%North AmericaWorld
AIAAnguilla15,00215,1250.002540.00019382241230.8217128
ATGAntigua and Barbuda97,92898,7280.01650.00125272018000.8218130
ABWAruba106,766107,1950.01800.00136251974290.4027167
BHSBahamas393,248396,9140.06650.00504181783,6660.9313115
BRBBarbados287,371287,7080.04820.00365201843370.1233194
BESBonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba26,22126,4450.004430.00034372212240.8516123
VGBBritish Virgin Islands30,23730,4230.005100.00039362201860.6220148
CYMCayman Islands65,72066,4980.01110.00084292057781.18994
CUBCuba11,326,61611,317,4981.900.144684-9,118-0.0835207
CUWCuraçao164,100164,7960.02760.00209221926960.4224162
DMADominica71,99172,1720.01210.00092282041810.2530181
DOMDominican Republic10,847,90410,953,7141.840.139785105,8100.9812111
GRDGrenada112,519113,0150.01890.00144231954960.4423161
GLPGuadeloupe400,127400,0130.06700.0050817177-114-0.0334204
HTIHaiti11,402,53311,541,6831.930.147582139,1501.22893
JAMJamaica2,961,1612,973,4620.4980.03781313712,3010.4226165
MTQMartinique375,265374,7430.06280.0047619179-522-0.1436210
MSRMontserrat4,9994,9810.000830.0000641231-18-0.3639222
PRIPuerto Rico2,860,8402,828,2460.4740.035914141-32,594-1.1441233
BLMSaint Barthélemy9,8859,9090.001660.0001339228240.2431182
KNASaint Kitts and Nevis53,19253,5460.008980.00068322113540.6719145
LCASaint Lucia183,629184,4010.03090.00234211897720.4225163
MAFSaint Martin (French part)38,65939,2390.006580.00050342155801.50572
VCTSaint Vincent and the Grenadines110,947111,2690.01870.00141241963220.2928178
SXMSint Maarten (Dutch part)42,88243,4210.007280.00055332135391.26789
TTOTrinidad and Tobago1,399,4911,403,3740.2350.0178151543,8830.2829180
TCATurks and Caicos Islands38,71839,2260.006580.00050352165081.31685
VIRUnited States Virgin Islands104,423104,2180.01750.0013226199-205-0.2037214
BLZBelize397,621404,9150.06790.00514161767,2941.83258
CRICosta Rica5,094,1145,139,0530.8610.06531112344,9390.8814119
SLVEl Salvador6,486,2016,518,5001.090.08281011232,2990.5022156
GTMGuatemala17,915,56718,249,8683.060.232467334,3011.87156
HNDHonduras9,904,60810,062,9941.690.128892158,3861.60364
MEXMexico128,932,753130,262,22021.81.652101,329,4671.0311106
NICNicaragua6,624,5546,702,3791.120.0851911077,8251.171097
PANPanama4,314,7684,381,5830.7340.05561212866,8151.55469
BMUBermuda62,27362,0920.01040.0007930206-181-0.2938220
CANCanada37,742,15738,067,9136.380.483338325,7560.8615122
GRLGreenland56,77256,8680.009530.0007231209960.1732187
SPMSaint Pierre and Miquelon5,7955,7710.000970.0000740230-24-0.4140223
USAUnited States of America331,002,647332,915,07455.84.23131,912,4270.5821153
North America 592,072,204 596,591,192 7.58 4,518,988 0.76

Projected population (UN)

Code Country/Region 1950 2000 2050 2100
PopulationRankPopulationRankPopulation RankPopulationRank
AIAAnguilla5,1223611,2473816,5223813,63538
ATGAntigua and Barbuda45,5152776,00727110,90124102,04825
ABWAruba38,0522890,86626108,70926102,23524
BHSBahamas79,09021298,04518463,32917460,11617
BRBBarbados210,99017271,51119277,01920214,78820
BESBonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba7,1293414,3873729,6993732,60636
VGBBritish Virgin Islands7,4373320,3133531,5403624,85737
CYMCayman Islands6,4163542,3053284,65728102,66723
CUBCuba5,919,989411,126,423510,162,39586,671,4619
CUWCuraçao100,18119132,14722175,72322175,04121
DMADominica51,0992569,6502870,8722951,34531
DOMDominican Republic2,364,64978,471,317612,795,809711,012,5487
GRDGrenada76,68122102,83725115,5612386,18326
GLPGuadeloupe209,99918422,04816386,91918338,66918
HTIHaiti3,221,27058,463,802714,877,785514,760,4505
JAMJamaica1,402,903112,654,698142,960,321131,793,10613
MTQMartinique222,00316387,01617331,95919234,04119
MSRMontserrat13,524324,925414,144412,87841
PRIPuerto Rico2,218,00583,668,955122,445,387141,216,77914
BLMSaint Barthélemy1,996407,4163910,8283910,13939
KNASaint Kitts and Nevis46,0532644,0833156,1563043,39532
LCASaint Lucia82,78320156,73721182,12721122,09122
MAFSaint Martin (French part)2,9993928,9353450,8213460,19429
VCTSaint Vincent and the Grenadines66,99724107,78724109,1182574,61827
SXMSint Maarten (Dutch part)1,4904132,5643355,0243169,22228
TTOTrinidad and Tobago645,626151,267,159151,343,78115968,82615
TCATurks and Caicos Islands5,0443720,1713650,2703553,60930
VIRUnited States Virgin Islands26,79230108,7302386,2142740,46234
BLZBelize68,91523247,31020571,04816620,43916
CRICosta Rica945,683133,962,369115,772,686124,797,96911
SLVEl Salvador2,199,90395,887,93096,936,792104,766,07912
GTMGuatemala3,114,956611,650,744426,920,714431,270,0734
HNDHonduras1,546,719106,574,510813,830,802614,325,3096
MEXMexico27,944,671298,899,8452155,150,8142141,509,9422
NICNicaragua1,294,994125,069,310108,531,04598,124,4058
PANPanama859,658143,030,333135,852,939116,439,99910
BMUBermuda37,2562965,0172953,2783336,93335
CANCanada13,733,398330,588,379345,669,453356,953,2243
GRLGreenland22,9933156,1773053,2983240,52433
SPMSaint Pierre and Miquelon4,567386,298405,257403,98440
USAUnited States of America158,804,3971281,710,9141379,419,0971433,853,8911